John Locke



Biography : Born in Wrington, England, in 1632; enrolled at Oxford from 1646 to 1684, elected a fellow of the Royal Society in 1668. In 1674 promoted bachelor of medicine. From 1672 to 1675, in the administration of Lord Shaftesbury, he served first as secretary for presentations to benefices, then secretary to the board of trade. Of poor health, he spent the years 1675-1679 in France. In 1683 he fled to Holland to escape politically motivated persecution; in exile he lived under an alias and frequently moved. He returned to England in February 1689. Locke's Two Treatises of Government, published in 1690, were written in defense of the Glorious Revolution. In the treatises, he establishes the principles that government rests on popular consent and rebellion is permissible when government subverts the ends - the protection of life, liberty, and property - for which it is established. Locke is said to have been instrumental in the formulation of the Bill of Rights of 1689. Afterward, he refused the offer of an ambassador's post. From 1696 tp 1700 he served as commissioner of trade and plantations. John Locke died in 1704.

List of publications

1689 . . Epistola de Tolerantia (Letter on Tolerance, published anonymously)
1690 . . Two Treatises of Government
1690 . . Essay concerning Human Understanding
1690 . . Second Letter
1691 . . Some Considerations of the Consequences of Lowering of Interest, and Raising the Value of Money
1692 . . Third Letter
1693 . . Some Thoughts concerning Education
1695 . . Further Considerations
1695 . . The Reasonableness of Christianity
1697 . . A Letter to the Bishop of Worcester
1697 . . Second Letter
1699 . . Third Letter







EXTERNAL
FILES
Biography of John Locke, from Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy; from Blupete; from Great Voyages
John Locke Bibliography, by John C. Attig, Penn State
DOCUMENTS Excerpt of John Locke's Two Treatises of Government, from Modern History Sourcebook
Full text online edition posted at Hanover
Bill of Rights, 1689, from Avalon Project at Yale Law School
Commented Excerpts from Locke's Letter on Tolerance, from Intellectual Heritage Program
REFERENCE



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on September 14th 2003, last revised on November 14th 2004

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