Montesquieu



Biography : Born Charles de Sacondat, Baron de la Brede et de Secondat, in 1689 in Bordeaux. Spent the years 1729-1731 in England; regarded the constitutional monarchy the ideal form of government. Approved of aristocracy, the function of which was to check the power of the king, and of slavery. Developed the theory of the three independent branches of government - legislative, executive, judicative; stipluated that law was to apply to everybody (i.e. that the King was not above the law). Died in 1755.
List of publications

1721 . . Lettres Persanes (Persian Letters)
1748 . . L'Esprit de Lois )Spirit of the Laws)







EXTERNAL
FILES
Biography of Montesquieu, from Montesquieu Quotes Page; from Catholic Encyclopedia, from Wikipedia
DOCUMENTS Online edition of the Spirit of the Laws, from Constitution Society
Excerpt of the Spirit of the Laws, from Modern History Sourcebook
Excerpt from the Persian Letters, from Modern History Sourcebook
REFERENCE



This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on September 20th 2003, last revised on November 14th 2004

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