Biographies of Famous Lutherans
First posted on January 11th 2003, last revised on November 15th 2004

External Links : Biographies to the History of the Anglican Reformation

For links on general biographical sources, go to Biographies Main Page

Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon (ÖH), in German; concise biographies
Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL), in German, scholarly
The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol.I : Aachen-Basilians, Vol.II : Basilica-Chambers, Vol.III : Chamier-Draendorf, Vol.IV : Draeseke-Goa, Vol.V : Goar-Innocent Vol.VI : Innocent-Liudger, Vol.VII : Liutprand-Moralities, Vol.VIII : Morality-Petersen, Vol.IX : Petri-Reuchlin, Vol.X : Reutsch-Son, Vol.XI : Son of Man-Tremellius, Vol.XII : Trench-Zwingli
Catholic Encyclopedia, 1907-1913 edition
Printed Reference : Biographies related to the History of the Church of England

Biographies of Famous Anglicans

Compton, Henry, 1632-1713
Ordained a priest in 1662, elected Bishop of London in 1675. One of the seven bishops who presented grievances to King James II.; the only bishop to sign the invitation to William of Orange (1688).

English language biography from xrefer

Cranmer, Thomas, 1489-1556
Studied at Cambridge, ordained a priest in 1523, served as King Henry's ambassador to the Emperor in 1532, where he met Lutheran ANDREAS OSIANDER; Cranmer married Osiander's niece the following year. In 1533 Cranmer was elected Archbishop of Canterbury. Cranmer annulled Henry's marriage to CATHERINE OF ARAGON; he would declare Henry's marriage to Anne Boleyn invalid in 1536, marriage to Anne of Cleves in 1540.
Besides Henry VIII., Thomas Cranmer was the driving force of the English reformation; he published the (first English language) Book of Common Prayer in 1549-1553. He had invited MARTIN BUCER, who had to flee Strassburg in 1547, to come to England. Many steps in implementing the reformation in England were taken during the brief reign of Edward VI., who was a minor; these reforms are accredited to Cranmer's influence. In 1553 Edward VI. died and was succeeded by BLOODY MARY. In 1554 Archbishop Cranmer participated in the OXFORD DISPUTATIONS. He rejected to recant his protestant belief, was arrested and later executed (1556)..

English language biography from BBC Education; from Britain Express
German language biography, from BBKL, bibliography

Latimer, Hugh, c.1485-1555
Studied in Cambridge, was elected Bishop of Worcester (1535), resigned when King Henry VIII. refused to let the reformation go ahead (1539), was imprisoned twice under Henry. Participated in the 1554 OXFORD DISPUTATIONS; refused to recant his protestant creed. Was arrested and executed in 1555.

English language biographies from James Kiefer's Christian Biographies; from Men who changed the World, illustrated; by George M. Ella

Laud, William, 1573-1645
Appointed Archbishop of Canterbury in 1633, under King Charles I. In 1637 he ordered a version of the (Anglican) BOOK OF COMMON PRAYER to be exclusively used in Scotland, causing Scottish riots, which in 1640 escalated into a Scottish invasion of England, and ultimately started the ENGLISH CIVIL WAR. During this war, Archbishop Laud was executed by the Parliamentarian side in 1645.

English language biography from Biographical Sketches of Memorable Christians of the past

Ridley, Nicholas, c.1500-1555
Studied at Cambridge, was elected Bishop of Rochester (1547), participated in the compilation of the BOOK OF COMMON PRAYER. Participated in the OXFORD DISPUTATIONS of 1554; refused to recant his protestant creed. Was arrested under Queen Mary and executed in 1555.

English language biographies from James Kiefer's Christian Biographies; from infoplease

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