Biographies of
Famous Traditional Catholics
Biographies of Famous Lutherans
First posted on January 4th 2003, last revised on November 15th 2004






External Links : Biographies to the History of the Catholic Church after to the Council of Trent

For links on general biographical sources, go to Biographies Main Page

Ökumenisches Heiligenlexikon (ÖH), in German; concise biographies
Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL), in German, scholarly
Catholic Encyclopedia
Catherine Winkworth, Christian Singers of Germany, a site dealing with hymn singers from the 8th century to 1850
The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, Vol.I : Aachen-Basilians, Vol.II : Basilica-Chambers, Vol.III : Chamier-Draendorf, Vol.IV : Draeseke-Goa, Vol.V : Goar-Innocent Vol.VI : Innocent-Liudger, Vol.VII : Liutprand-Moralities, Vol.VIII : Morality-Petersen, Vol.IX : Petri-Reuchlin, Vol.X : Reutsch-Son, Vol.XI : Son of Man-Tremellius, Vol.XII : Trench-Zwingli
Catholic Encyclopedia, 1907-1913 edition
Printed Reference : Biographies related to the History of the Catholic Church after to the Council of Trent

Mark Greengrass, The Longman Companion to the European Reformation c.1500-1618, Harlow (Essex): Longman 1998, pp.285-326, KMLA Lib.Sign. 274.06 GB 121




Biographies of Famous Traditional Catholics



Borromeo, Carlo, Saint, 1538-1584
Son of a count; became a monk at the age of 12. In 1560 he was charged by Pope PIUS IV. with the administration of the Papal State, elecated Cardinal and soon placed in charge of the Archdiocesis of Milan. Became an influential person in the organization of the COUNTERREFORMATION; Cardinal Borromeo was placed in charge of Portugal, Switzerland and Lower Germany. Was also influential in the final sessions of the Council of Trent.

English language biography, from Catholic Encyclopedia

Granvelle, Antoine Perrenot de, 1517-1586
Son of Charles V.' prime minister; studied at Padova, Leuven, was ordained Bishop of Arras in 1538; served the Emperor on diplomatic missions, for instance in 1543 at the Council of Trent. In 1559 appointed Archbishop of Mechelen, in 1561 Cardinal. Prominent councillor to Margaret of Parma, regent of the Netherlands; in 1564 dismissed. A staunch Catholic.

English language biography, from Catholic Encyclopedia

Gregory XIII. (Ugo Buoncompagni), 1502-1585
Studied at Bologna, participated in the COUNCIL OF TRENT; was sent on many diplomatic missions on nehalf of the pope. Made Cardinal Priest in 1564, was elected pope in 1572. Promoted the formation of a coalition to fight the Turks, held negotiations with Sweden about a return of the Swedish church to Catholicism (1574-1578) without success. Introdiced the GREGORIAN CALENDAR (1578). In Gregory's papacy falls the ST. BARTOLOMEW DAY'S MASSACRE, to the news of which Gregory reacted by ordering all the church bells in Rome rung in celebration of the news.

English language biography from Catholic Encyclopedia

Hosius, Stanislaus, 1504-1579
Studied at Cracow, Padova and Bologna. After having served for years in the service of church administrators, he was ordained a priest in 1543, and appointed Bishop of Culm in 1549, of Ermland (Warmia) in 1551. Hosius opposed the Lutheran Reformation, represented Poland in the COUNCIL OF TRENT, promoted the Counterreformation. In 1568 he founded a Catholic (Jesuit) university at BRAUNSBERG in Ermland, implemented the Counterreformation in his diocesis, where Lutheranism was rooted out. Published numerous treaties which promoted Tridentine doctrines.

English language biography, from Catholic Encyclopedia

Paul III. (Alessandro Farnese), 1468-1549
1493 made Cardinal deacon by Alexander VI.; in 1534 elected pope. Tried to assemble general councils at Manyua 1536, at Vicenza 1537, at Trent 1543, before succeeding in calling the COUNCIL OF TRENT 1545-1563. In 1535 he charged Cardinal CONTARINI and others with drafting a plan for the reform of the Catholic church.

English language biography, from Catholic Encyclopedia

Paul IV. (Giovanni Pietro Caraffa), 1476-1559
Born into Neapolitan nobility, became the first general of the ORDER OF THEATINES (1524); was charged by Pope Paul III. with drafting a reform of the papal court; was appointed Cardinal in 1536. Elected Pope in 1555, he revived the COUNCIL OF TRENT.

English language biography, from Catholic Encyclopedia

Pius IV. (Giovanni Angelo Medici), 1499-1565
Born into a less exalted branch of the Medici family living in Milan, studied at Pavia and Bologna, entered the service of the church as a lawyer in 1527, was appointed Cardinal priest in 1555, elected pope in 1559. During his papacy the COUNCIL OF TRENT was concluded.

English language biography, from Catholic Encyclopedia

Pole, Reginald, 1500-1558
Studied at Oxford, visited Rome in 1526, though not yet ordained, was elected Dean of Exeter in 1527. Pole rejected the offer to succeed CARDINAL WOLSEY as Archbishop of York; disapproved of Henry's plan to divorce his wife Catherine of Aragon, and told him so. In January 1532 Pole, with royal permission, left England for good; he established residence in Padova, Italy. In 1536 he was appointed member of the commission charged with writing a draft of a reform; the draft was published in 1538. Pole was repeatedly asked to mediate in diplomatic communication, between the Pope and the English King. Reginald Pole attended the COUNCIL OF TRENT. Edward VI. had died in 1553; Pole was sent as papal legate to England; he arrived in 1554. He advised Queen Mary, who had reformers executed (BLOODY MARY). In 1557, Pole was ordained priest, two days after consecrated Archbishop of Canterbury (in succession of recently executed THOMAS CRANMER). Died shortly after Queen Mary.

English language biography from Catholic Encyclopedia

Rosweyde, Heribert, 1569-1629
Entered the Jesuit Order in 1588, taught philosophy at the Jesuit college of Douai, began with the revision of the saints and with the publication of the ACTA SANCTORUM, a work which was widely attributed to Bolland, the compilers thus referred to as Bollandists.

Article Bollandists, from Catholic Encyclopedia

Sales, Francis de, Saint, 1567-1622
Born into a noble family; studied at Clermont, Paris, Padua, was ordained in 1593, was the most prominent person in the re-Catholization of the Chablais (which had been Bernese until 1563, and its population was Calvinist). In 1602, Francis de Sales was appointed Bishop of Geneva (the seat of the bishopric was at Annecy, as Geneva was Calvinist).

English language biography, from Catholic Encyclopedia



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