Reformators : Huldrych Zwingli

Born in 1484, studied at Basel, Bern and Wien, was influenced by the great Humanist Desiderius Erasmus. As a vicar at EINSIEDELN, a small community in the canton of Glarus, Switzerland, since 1516 he formulated his ideas which lead to his renunciation of the church of Rome. In 1518 he was called to serve as vicar at Grossmünster in the city of ZÜRICH. Here, in 1523 he presented his 67 theses; in 1524 he married, in 1525 the mass was celebrated according to the protestant rite. In 1528 Bern adopted Zwingli's doctrine; Basel and St. Gallen followed soon afterward. When a war broke out between Zürich and the FOREST CANTONS, loyal to Catholicism, in 1531, Zwingli marched out with the Zürich contingent, the sword in one hand, the bible in the other. He fell in battle. Zwingli began the Swiss reformation; it was continued by JEAN CALVIN.
Zwingli, in most aspects, agreed with LUTHER. The two differed mainly over the interpretation of the communion, which for Zwingli was more ceremonial, while Luther regarded it a sacrament. An attempt to reconciliate the two was made in 1529, but it failed. Under Zwingli, the church of the more powerful Swiss cantons seperated from Rome and began to reform. The protestant Swiss church organisation was shaped under the dominant influence of Calvin.

Biographies from infoplease, from Catholic Encyclopedia, from Island of Freedom, The Christian Hall of Fame (encyclopedic)

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on May 31st 2001, last revised on November 15th 2004

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