Nicolaus Copernicus was born in 1473 in Thorn, West or Royal Prussia, and died in 1543 in Frauenburg, Ermland. His nationality -
Polish, German or Prussian - is contested; he published in Latin. He studied at Cracow, Bologna and Padova. In 1513,
Copernicus developed the theory that the EARTH CIRCLED AROUND THE SUN and not, as stated in the bible, the sun around the
earth. However, as such a theory was potentially harmful, he had not published it until late in his life : ON THE REVOLUTIONS OF
THE HEAVENLY SPHERES, Nuernberg 1543. This work brought science and the church in conflict and kickstarted what historians
call the SCIENTIFIC REVOLUTION.