Innovations in Science and Technology : an Overview



The Renaissance saw a number of innovations in technology - the printing technique using movable letters, by JOHANN GUTENBERG, the globe by MARTIN BEHAIM (1492), the portable clock by PETER HENLEIN (1504). The church, which still censored publications, had lost some of it's respect. The threat of being burnt at the stake as a heretic delayed progress, such as the publication of NICOLAUS COPERNICUS' heliocentric model, but did not prevent it. To fight for the preservation of the old model of a FLAT EARTH was senseless, as the first circumnavigation of the world by MAGELLAN had proven the opposite. The discoverers, Copernicus had significantly contributed to the Renaissance spirit; established structures were in need of being reformed.
Scientists diverged from the path of SCHOLASTICISM, looked for additional sources of knowledge, increasingly for works of the classic Greek and Hellenistic period. Traditional places of education often warned their students against getting too deeply entangled in Greek studies (MORUS), yet many of the leading humanist thinkers had Greek connections - NICHOLAS OF CUSA and REGIOMONTANUS being examples.


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Clock History, from about.com
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This page is part of World History at KMLA
Last revised on May 20th 2001




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