History by Country . A . B . C . D . E . F . G . HI . JK . L . M . N . OP . QR . S . TUV . WXYZ

First posted on May 13th 2008







The Pacific Region 1914-2008 : Demographic and Social Developments


Figure 1 :     Population of Selected Countries, 1910-1999 (after IHS)
Year Australia New Zealand Fiji New Caledonia PNG Solomon Isl. Fr. Polynesia Hawaii
1910 4.425.000 1.050.000 138.000 n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. 193.000
1920 5.360.000 1.258.000 162.000 n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. 261.000
1930 6.463.000 1.493.000 181.000 n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. 366.000
1940 7.039.000 1.637.000 218.000 n.d. n.d. n.d. n.d. 428.000
1950 8.179.000 1.909.000 294.000 59.000 1.080.000 103.000 61.000 n.d.
1960 10.275.000 2.372.000 394.000 79.000 1.402.000 128.000 82.000 n.d.
1970 12.507.000 2.811.000 520.000 112.000 2.491.000 163.000 109.000 n.d.
1980 14.695.000 3.113.000 634.000 139.000 2.978.000 226.000 149.000 n.d.
1990 17.065.000 3.363.000 731.000 167.000 3.699.000 320.000 167.000 n.d.
1999 18.987.000 3.611.000 806.000 206.000 4.700.000 430.000 228.000 1.211.537 (2000)


Figure 2 :     Population of Selected Countries, Ethnic Composition (after StYB 2002)
Indigenous Other Pacific Islanders of European descent of Asian descent
Fiji 1996 393.575 20,190 14.788 343.767
New Zealand 1996 579.714 (14 %) 4.8 % 71.7 % 4.4 %
Australia 1996 352,970 n.d. n.d. n.d.
Hawaii 1999 223.193 25,000 252,742 312,000


Activities :
1.)    Which of the following countries experienced significant immigration ?
2.)    Compare the population growth (from 1950 to 1999) in %, sorted by immigrant and non-immigrant countries
3.)    What problems do you expect Pacific societies to face, judging from the abovelisted figures ?









External Files
Documents Political Map of Oceania, from Resort Vanuatu
Maps of Australia and the Pacific, from Perry Castaneda Collection, UTexas
Reference B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics 1750-2000 : Africa, Asia and Oceania, London : Palgrave MacMillan 2003 [G]
Statesman's Yearbook 2002 [G]