Kuwait, 1899-1939

Political Status and Administration . Fearing the imposition of direct Ottoman control, Sheikh Mubarak of Kuwait requested a British protectorate, which was granted. A British agent resided in Kuwait since 1904, subordinate to the Chief Resident of the Persian Gulf (residing in Bahrain) who again was subordinate to the President of Bombay.
Sheikh Mubarak al-Lahab ibn Sabah al Sabah "the Great" ruled from 1896 to 1915, he was succeeded by Sheikh Jabir II al Mubarak al Sabah (1915-1917), Sheikh Salim Al Mubarak Al Sabah (1917-1921) and Sheikh Ahmad Al Jabir Al Sabah (1921-1950).

The Borders . In 1922 Britain and Nejd signed the Uqair Protocol which defined the border separating Kuwait from Nejd, a predecessor of Saudi Arabia. The arrangement is regardede unfavourable to Kuwait.

The Economy . Until 1959 the Indian Rupee was used as currency in Kuwait.
Aviation began in 1927, Imperial Airways organizing flights to and from Kuwait. In 1934, Kuwait Oil Company (Anglo-Persian Oil Company (now BP) and Gulf Oil (now Chevron Corporation)) was granted a concession; oil was found in 1938.

Social History . Population estimates for 1939 are rough (50,000 according to NIYB 1940).

Articles Uqair Protocol of 1922 Ahmad al Jaber al Sabah, Salim al Mubarak al Sabah, Jaber II al Sabah, Mubarak al Sabah, from Wikipedia
Kuwait Timeline, from BBC News
Kuwait Aviation History, from Kuwait Airport
History of Oil in Kuwait, from KPC
DOCUMENTS Kuwait Statesmen : World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon
Historical Population Statistics, Kuwait, from Population Statistics posted by Jan Lahmeyer
REFERENCE IHS : International Historical Statistics : Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, edited by B.R. Mitchell, Basingstoke : Palgrave MacMillan 4th ed. 2003
Article : Turkey, Sultanate of Koweit, in : Statesmn's Year Book 1918 p.xlviii [G]
Article : Arabia - Kuwait, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1924 p.659, 1925 pp.669-670, 1926 pp.649-650, 1928 p.656, 1929 pp.650-651, 1932 pp.654-655, 1937 pp.680-688 [G]
Article : Arabia - Kuwait, in : Americana Annual 1930 p.58, 1931 pp.61-62, 1932 pp.40-41, 1933 pp.40-41, 1934 pp.48-49, 1935 pp.52-53, 1936 pp.50-51, 1937 pp.42-43, 1938 p.44, 1939 p.42 [G]
Article : Arabia - Kuwait, in : New International Year Book 1923 p.50, 1925 p.46, 1928 p.47, 1930 p.45, 1932 p.43, 1933 p.41, 1934 p.39, 1935 p.36, 1938 p.34, 1939 p.33 [G]
Article : Arabia - Kuwait, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1932 p.58, 1935 p.43, 1937 p.30, 1938 p.29 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on June 13th 2007, last revised on September 15th 2008

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