1961-1980 1990-1991

Kuwait, 1980-1990

Administration . Emir Jaber al Ahmad al Jaber al Sabah ascended to the throne in 1977; re was to rule from 1977 to 1990 and from 1991 to 2006. The National Assembly had been suspended in 1976, was reconvened in 1981, disbanded in 1986 and was not to reconvene until 1992.

Foreign Policy . Kuwait was a member of the UN, the Arab League and OPEC since 1961. In 1981 Kuwait was a founder-member of GCC, the Guld Cooperation Council.
When Iraq invaded Iran in 1980, Kuwait supported Iraq.

The Economy . In 1980, Kuwait produced 84 million metric tons of crude petroleum; in 1989 the figure was 74 million (IHS p.364). During the Iraq-Iran War, Kuwait's oil export lines through the Gulf were threatened.

Social History . The Statesman's Yearbook of 1992-1993 gives the estimated population of Kuwait in 1990 (pre-invasion) as 2.04 million (p.868). The 1985 census counted 1,697,301, of whom c.60 % were foreigners. In 1985 and 1986 Iranian residents of Kuwait were deported.

Cultural History . Athletes from Kuwait participated in the Summer Olympics of Moscow 1980, Los Angeles 1984 and Seoul 1988.

Articles Invasion of Kuwait (of 1990), Jaber al Ahmad al Jaber al Sabah, Kuwait at the 1980 Summer Olympics, Kuwait at the 1984 Summer Olympics, Kuwait at the 1988 Summer Olympics, from Wikipedia
Kuwait Timeline, from BBC News
Operation Desert Shield, from Global Security
Gulf War : Invasion, from Kuwait Information, Iraqi Occupation, from Kuwait Information
The Gulf Wars : Iraq occupies Kuwait, 1990-1991, from History of the Middle ast Database, by Ted Thornton
Iraqi Invasion of Kuwait, from ACIG (Tom Cooper)
Iraq's Invasion of Kuwait, from British Council
Persian Gulf War 1990-1991, from ACED
DOCUMENTS Kuwait Statesmen : World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon
Historical Population Statistics, Kuwait, from Population Statistics posted by Jan Lahmeyer
REFERENCE IHS : International Historical Statistics : Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, edited by B.R. Mitchell, Basingstoke : Palgrave MacMillan 4th ed. 2003
Article Kuwait, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1980 p.477, 1981 pp.479-480, 1982 pp.479-480, 1983 p.473, 1984 p.473, 1985 pp.490-491, 720, 1986 pp.486, 718, 454, 686, 1988 pp.414, 638, 1989 pp.414, 639, 1990 pp.431, 654 [G]
Article : Kuwait, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1980-1981 pp.774-776, 1981-1982 pp.777-779, 1983-1984 pp.771-773, 1984-1985 pp.773-775, 1985-1986 pp.775-778, 1986-1987 pp.775-778, 1987-1988 pp.779-782, 1988-1989 pp.781-784, 1989-1990 pp.790-793, 1990-1991 pp.791-794 [G]
Article : Kuwait, in : The World in Figures 4th ed. 1984 pp.182-183 [G]
Article : Kuwait, in : Americana Annual 1989 p.313 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on June 12th 2007

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