Muscat and Oman, 1892-1920

Administration . Since 1892 Oman was an informal British protectorate. From 1892 to 1949, Britain was represented by a consul. Oman is a monarchy.
Sultan Faysal ibn Turki ruled from 1888 to 1913, Sultan Taimur ibn Faysal from 1913 to 1932.
Azzam ibn Qais Al Said, son of Sultan Said ibn Sultan (-1856) and self-declared Imam, in 1868-1871 organized the Ibadi Rebellion, which established control of Oman's interior and continued into the early 20th century. The Treaty of Seeb of 1920 recognized the autonomy of the Imamate of Oman, with seat in Nizwa.

Foreign Policy . In 1892 Oman became an informal British protectorate. In 1908 Britain and Oman signed a treaty of friendship. The Sultanate of Zanzibar was tributary to Muscat & Oman since 1861.

The Economy . Omanis traditionally had been engaged in seafaring and trade. The Omani merchants had lost much of their market share to the British in the course of the 19th century, and the country, in the mid 20th century, was largely isolated. There was a traditional domestic economy based on the raising of livestock, agriculture, fishery.

Social History . The population estimate for 1899 is 194,000, that for 1920 290,000 (Lahmeyer).

Articles History of Oman, Taimur bin Faisal, Faisal bin Turki, Ibadi, Treaty of Seeb, from Wikipedia
History, from Oman Info
DOCUMENTS Oman Statesmen : World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon
Historical Population Statistics, UAE, from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer)
REFERENCE IHS : International Historical Statistics : Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, edited by B.R. Mitchell, Basingstoke : Palgrave MacMillan 4th ed. 2003
Article : Oman, in : Statesman's Year Book 1895 p.800, 1898 p.800, 1901 pp.898-899, 1905 pp.971-972 [G]
News from Muscat, from "The Great Round World and What is Going on in it", Vol.III No.14, April 1899, p.469 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on June 14th 2007, last revised on November 1st 2007

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