Oman, since 1990

Administration . Oman is a monarchy; political parties are not permitted. Sultan Qabuus bin Said ruled ousted his father in a coup d'etat in 1970 and rules ever since.

Foreign Policy . The Sultanate of Oman continued to be an active member of Arab League, UN and GCC. Since 1970, Oman has maintained close ties with the United Kingdom.
Oman condemned the invasion and annexation of Kuwait by Iraq in August 1990, and contributed troops to the U.S.-led campaign leading to the liberation of Kuwait in Jan.-Feb. 1992. British troops, prior to the campaign in Afghanistan in 2001, conducted an exercise in Oman. Oman did not join the Coalition of the Willing in 2003.
From 1996 to 2000, Israel mantained a trade office in Oman and Oman a trade office in Israel; the relation was severed by Oman in 2000 due to the intifada ongoing in the territories occupied by Israel.

The Economy . Fourth Five Year Development Plan 1990-1995, Fifth Five Year Development Plan 1995-2000, Sixth Five Year Development Plan 2000-2005, Seventh Five Year Development Plan 2005-2010.
Oil production in 1990 was at 34.0 million metric tons, in 1998 at 45 million (IHS p.364). Oman is not an OPEC member. High oil prices since 2003 (Second Oil Crisis) resulted in increased Omani revenues. Oman Airlines was established in 1981, but did not start operations until 1993. In recent years, Oman promotes tourism.
Oman joined the WTO in 2000.
In 2003, the GCC members established a customs union (Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia and the UAE). In 2006 the U.S. and Oman signed a Free Trade Agreement.

Social History . The population estimate for 1990 is 1.625 million, for 2001 2.477 million (Lahmeyer). By 1995, Omanis made up 36 % of the work force, the remainder contributed by foreigners.

Cultural History . Omani athletes participated in the Summer Olympics of Barcelona 1992, Atlanta 1996, Sydney 2000 and Athens 2004. In 2004 the Oman national football team qualified for the Asian Cup hosted by the PR China.

Articles History of Oman, Qaboos of Oman, Oman Air, Oman at the 1992 Summer Olympics, Oman at the 1996 Summer Olympics, Oman at the 2000 Summer Olympics, Oman at the 2004 Summer Olympics, Asian Cup 2004, from Wikipedia
History, from Oman Info
Oman, from A Global History of Currencies
Desalination in Oman & The Fundamentals of the Reverse Osmosis Design, by Ahmed al Busaidi
Economic Development, from Ministry of Information, Sultanate of Oman
DOCUMENTS Oman Statesmen : World Statesmen, by Ben Cahoon
Historical Population Statistics, UAE, from Population Statistics (Jan Lahmeyer)
REFERENCE IHS : International Historical Statistics : Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, edited by B.R. Mitchell, Basingstoke : Palgrave MacMillan 4th ed. 2003
Article : Oman, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1993 pp.390, 687, 1994 pp.389-390, 686, 1995 pp.454, 685 [G]
Article : Oman, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1990-1991 pp.965-969, 1991-1992 pp.965-969, 1992-1993 pp.1052-1056, 1993-1994 pp.1051-1055, 1994-1995 pp.1051-1055, 1995-1996 pp.1043-1047, 1996-1997 pp.997-1001, 1997-1998 pp.1004-1008, 1998-1999 pp.1082-1087, 2000 pp.1076-1080, 2001 pp.1197-1202, 2002 pp.1245-1250, 2003 pp.1245-1250, 2004 pp.1250-1255, 2005 pp.1260-1266 [G]
Entry : Travel Warnings - India, pp.565-566 in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2000, Supplement [G]
Entry : Sultanate of Oman, Cabinet, pp.77-78; Background Notes, pp.995-1000, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Entry : Oman, pp.794-797 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on June 14th 2007

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