1932-1953 1964-1973

Saudi Arabia 1953-1964

Administration . Upon the death of King Abd al Aziz in 1953, his son Saud succeeded (1953-1964).

Foreign Policy . In 1955 Saudi Arabia on one side, the Trucial States and Muscat & Oman on the other were engaged in a dispute over possession of the Buraimi oases. Britain supported the Trucial States and Muscat & Oman.
Saudi Arabia continued to be an active member of UN and Arab League. During the Suez Crisis Saudi Arabia maintained her alliance with Egypt and Syria (BBoY 1957 p.674).
In 1960 Saudi Arabia was among the founding members of OPEC.
In the North Yemen Civil War 1962-1970, Saudi Arabia and Egypt (the UAR) supported opposing sides.

The Economy . In 1953, Saudi Arabia prodduced 41 million metric tons of crude petroleum, in 1964 85.7 million (IHS p.363). The temporary closure of the Suez Canal in 1956 (Suez Crisis) hardly affected Saudi oil production.
In 1959 Saudi Arabia introduced a currency reform, going off the silver standard (B. Taylor).

Social History . Jan Lahmeyer estimates the population of Saudi Arabia in 1953 as 4.141 million, in 1964 as 5.268 million. In 1962, slavery was abolished by royal decree.

Cultural History . King Saud University in Riyadh was established in 1957. Television broadcasting began in 1957. The Saudi Arabian Football Federation was established in 1959.

Wars of Saudi Arabia, 1800-1999, from ACED
Global Currency History : Saudi Arabia (B. Taylor)
Articles North Yemen Civil War, Saud of Saudi Arabia, Saudi Aramco, History of Saudi Arabia, King Saud University, Saudi Arabia Football Federation, Human Rights in Saudi Arabia, from Wikipedia
History, from Saudi Arabia Information Resource
Regions of Saudi Arabia, from www.statoids.com
Saudi Arabia and the United States, 1931-2002, by Josh Pollack
DOCUMENTS World Statesmen : Hejaz, by Ben Cahoon; Rulers : Saudi Arabia, by B. Schemmel
Historical Statistical data : Saudi Arabia, from Population Statistics (J. Lahmeyer)
Historic Picture Postcards, from Postcardman, commercial site
REFERENCE IHS : International Historical Statistics : Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, edited by B.R. Mitchell, Basingstoke : Palgrave MacMillan 4th ed. 2003
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.13, pp.833-841 Article Arabia : Saudi Arabia KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.13
J.E. Peterson, Historical Dictionary of Saudi Arabia, Metuchen N.J. : Scarecrow 1993 [G]
Article : Saudi Arabia, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1953 p.625, 1954 pp.627-628, 1955 p.676, 1956 pp. 613-614, 1957 p.674, 1958 pp.615-616, 1959 pp.608-609, 1960 p.611, 1961 p.616, 1962 p.608, 1963 pp.714-715, 1964 p.738 [G]
Article : Saudi Arabia, in : Americana Annual 1957 pp.686-688, 1961 pp.657-659, 1962 pp.664-665, 1963 pp.589-590, 1964 pp.584-585 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on June 15th 2007

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