1981-1990 since 2003

Saudi Arabia 1990-2003

Administration . King Fahd ruled from 1982 to 2005.

Foreign Policy . In August 1990 Kuwait was occupied and annexed by Iraq. The Kuwaiti government fled into exile in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia permitted the stationing of U.S. troops (Operation Desert Shield) and in January-February 1991provided bases for military strikes of a U.S.-led coalition force, which included Saudi troops, against Iraq, which resulted in the liberation of Kuwait.
Saudi Arabia did not join the Coalition of the Willing in 2003.
In 1990 Saudi Arabia and the PR China established diplomatic relations.

The Economy . Fifth Five Year Development Plan 1990-1995, Sixth Five Year Development Plan 1995-2000, Seventh Five Year Development Plan 2000-2005.
In 1990, Saudi Arabia produced 319.6 million metric tons of crude petroleum, in 1998 399.7 million (IHS p.364).

Social History . Jan Lahmeyer estimates the population of Saudi Arabia in 1990 as 14.1 million, in 2000 as 22.0 million.

Cultural History . Saudi Arab athletes participated in the Summer Olympics of Barcelona 1992, Atlanta 1996 and Sidney 2000. The Saudi Arabian national football team won the Asian Cup in 1996 and participated in the World Cup of 2002.

Wars of Saudi Arabia, 1800-1999, from ACED
Global Currency History : Saudi Arabia (B. Taylor)
Articles Khalid of Saudi Arabia, Fahd of Saudi Arabia, Saudi Aramco, History of Saudi Arabia, Saudi Arabia at the 1984 Summer Olympics, Saudi Arabia at the 1988 Summer Olympics, Saudi Arabia national football team, King Khalid International Airport, from Wikipedia
History, from Saudi Arabia Information Resource
Regions of Saudi Arabia, from www.statoids.com
Saudi Arabia and the United States, 1931-2002, by Josh Pollack
DOCUMENTS World Statesmen : Hejaz, by Ben Cahoon; Rulers : Saudi Arabia, by B. Schemmel
Historical Statistical data : Saudi Arabia, from Population Statistics (J. Lahmeyer)
REFERENCE IHS : International Historical Statistics : Africa, Asia & Oceania 1750-2000, edited by B.R. Mitchell, Basingstoke : Palgrave MacMillan 4th ed. 2003
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.13, pp.833-841 Article Arabia : Saudi Arabia KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.13
J.E. Peterson, Historical Dictionary of Saudi Arabia, Metuchen N.J. : Scarecrow 1993 [G]
Article : Saudi Arabia, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1993 pp.390-392, 708, 1994 pp.390-391, 707, 1995 pp.466-467, 707 [G]
Article : Saudi Arabia, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1990-1991 pp.1058-1063, 1991-1992 pp.1059-1064, 1992-1993 pp.1147-1152, 1993-1994 pp.1145-1150, 1994-1995 pp.1146-1151, 1995-1996 pp.1138-1143, 1996-1997 pp.1114-1119, 1997-1998 pp.1116-1121, 1998-1999 pp.1218-1224, 2000 pp.1364-1370, 2001 pp.1327-1333, 2002 pp.1382-1388, 2003 pp.1381-1387 [G]
Entry : Travel Warnings - Saudi-Arabia, pp.592-595 in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2000, Supplement [G]
Entry : Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Cabinet, pp.86-87; in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Article : Saudi Arabia, in : Americana Annual 1992 pp.459-460, 1993 pp.462-463, 1994 pp.470-471 [G]
Entry : Saudi Arabia, pp.880-883 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on June 15th 2007

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