1920-1939 1946-1958

Syria 1939-1946

In September 1939, France declared war on Germany, but took no action (Drole de Guerre). The Franco-Syrian Treaty of 1936 had been partially implemented, but not ratified by France's parliament. In 1939 it was scrapped, Latakia and Jebel Druze administratively separated from Syria.
In June 1940, Marechal Petain surrendered in the name of the French forces, and proceeded to form the Vichy administration, which was recognized by the French administration in Syria. British and Free French troops in 1941 occupied Syria; General Charles de Gaulle promised to end the French mandate and restore Syrian independence. In 1943 Latakia and Jebel Druze were reintegrated into Syria. In 1945 Syrians protested against the slow implementation of the French withdrawal; the ltter was completed in 1946.

Timeline, from BBC News
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Syria
Encyclopedia of the Orient : Syria; Syrian Encyclopedia, from Damascus Online
Syria 1941, from Land Forces of Britain, the Empire and Commonwealth
The Campaign in Syria 1941, from Australian Mnistry of Defence
Syria-Lebanon Campaign, from Wikipedia
DOCUMENTS Historical Population Statistics : Syria, from Population Statistics at Univ. Utrecht
REFERENCE Daniel Pipes, Greater Syria. The History of an Ambition, Oxford : UP 1990, KMLA Lib.Sign. 956 P665g
Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.28, pp.361-374 Article Syria. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.28
David Commins, Historical Dictionary of Syria, Lanham Md : Scarecrow 1996, 299 pp. [G]
Chapter 6 : The Second World War, pp.92-104, in : Peter Mansfield, The Ottoman Empire and its Successors, London : MacMillan (1973) 1976 [G]
Article : Syria and Lebanon, in : Statesman's Year Book 1943 pp.910-914 [G]
Article : Syria, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1944 pp.681-682 [G]
Article : Syria and Lebanon, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1945 pp.680-681, 1946 pp.718-719 [G]
Article : Syria, in : Americana Annual 1940 pp.742-743, 1943 pp.691-693, 1944 pp.668-669, 1945 pp.683-684, 1946 pp.707-709 [G]
Article : Syria and Lebanon, in : Funk & Wagnall's New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1940 pp.491-492, 1941 pp.459-462, 1942 pp.434-435, 1943 pp.431-433, 1944 pp.360-362, 1946 pp.395-396 [G]
Article : Syria and Lebanon, in : New International Year Book, Events of 1940 pp.727-728, 1941 pp.637-641, 1942 pp.673-675, 1943 pp.625-627, 1944 pp.607-609, 1945 pp.597-599 [G]
The Arab World pp.541-553, in : John Gunther, Inside Asia, 1942 War Edition, NY : Harper & Brothers (1938) 1942

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on October 28th 2006, last revised on August 26th 2007

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