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Kuwait Iran
First posted on July 5th 2002, last revised on February 18th 2009






Iraq since 2003
Iraq 1990-2003
Iraq 1979-1990
Iraq 1968-1979
Iraq 1963-1968
Iraq 1958-1963
Iraq 1945-1958
Iraq 1939-1945
Iraq 1932-1939

Iraq 1921-1932
Iraq 1917-1921


For the history prior to 1918, see Ottoman Iraq, Ottoman Empire


Timeline : Iraq

Historical Atlas, Iraq Page ; Western Asia Page
List of Wars : Iraq , Ottoman Arabia


Students' Papers : Kim, Sun Hoo, History of Food and Nutrition in West Asia (2009)






WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles from BBC Country Profiles; from World Desk Reference ; from Nations Encyclopedia; from Wikipedia; from CIA World Factbook, countries - Iraq
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Iraq
Encyclopedia of the Orient : Iraq
Links, General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from Hejleh; from BUBL, from dmoz
Iraq Information Center, from AHVL
List of Iraq-related Topics, from Wikipedia; Category : Iraq, from Wikipedia
Links, on History from Virtual Library History; Category : History of Iraq, from Wikipedia
History-Related Articles, from Kurdistanica
Historical Dictionaries Kurdistanica, Digital Encyclopedia of Kurdistan
Timelines click here
Timeline Iraq, from BBC News
Accounts of History Iraqi Perspective History, from The Embassy of the Republic of Iraq in London
Accounts of History other Perspective Article History of Iraq, from Wikipedia
British Empire Map Room : Iraq, has timeline, narrative history
Imperialism and Iraq : Lessons from the Past, by Jean Shaoul, Pt.1, Pt.2, Pt.3 (World Socialist Press; tendentious)
from Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World (Robert Winslow)
Bob Feldman, A People's History of Iraq, Part I, Part II
Historiography Iraqi Perspective Khoury, D. R., History and Historiography of Modern Iraq, Middle East Studies Bulletin 2005, accessible through British Library Direct
Problems in Kurdish Historiography, from Kurdistanica
Historiography other Perspective Kaveh Bayat, Historiography of the War, from Goftogu 23 : Iran-Iraq War, abstract
Writing the History of Iraq Historiographical and Political Challenges , Conference Agenda
Politics Political Resources on the Net : Iraq; Governments on the WWW : Iraq; Article Politics of Iraq, from Wikipedia; Article Baath Party, from Wikipedia
Iraq Profile, from International Crisis Group
Military click here
CASCON Case IRK : Iraq (Kurds) 1958-1963, by L.P. Bloomfield, L. Moulton
CASCON Case IRI : Iran-Iraq 1980-1990, by L.P. Bloomfield, L. Moulton
CASCON Case KUI : Kuwait - Iraq 1961-1963, by L.P. Bloomfield, L. Moulton
Iraq Military Guide, from Global Security
Joost R. Hiltermann, Case Studies : The 1988 Anfal Campaign in Iraqi Kurdistan , from Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence
Economy & Finances Global Currency History : Iraq
Article Economy of Iraq, Iraq Stock Exchange, Iraqi Dinar, from Wikipedia
History of Oil in Iraq, from Global Policy Forum
The Political and Economic History of Iraq, by Thayer Watkins
Ethnography Languages of Iraq (23), from Ethnologue
Minorities at Risk, Iraq - Kurds, Shi'is, Sunnis
The Forgotten Turkmen of Iraq, by Christopher Deliso; Book Review posted at antiwar.com
FMO Research Guide : Iraq, from FMO (Forced Migration Online), 2003 / 2005
Iraq, from Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Iraq
Goftogu 1992-
Irak, pp.2883-2922 in vol.4B of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Religion The Jews of Iraq, from Jewish Virtual Library; Iraq, from International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
The Chaldaean Church. The Christians of Iraq, from Epiphany Byzantine Catholic Church
Category Religion in Iraq, from Wikipedia
Articles Karbala, Najaf, from Global Security
Article Yazidi, from Wikipedia
International Religious Freedom Report 2003 : Iraq, from U.S. Department of State
Iraq, from Roman Catholic Hierarchy
History of Regions Provinces of Iraq, from www.statoids.com
History, from Kurdistanica
History of Cities History of Baghdad, from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
History of Mosul, from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
History of Basra, from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient, from Basrah University
History of Karbala, from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
History of Najaf, from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
Institutions Article Baghdad University, from Wikipedia
Article Iraqi tv, from Wikipedia
Iraqi Railway History
Iraq, from Airline History
Structurae : Iraq; search Lighthouse Explorer for iraq
Bibliographies Search ISBN Database for Iraq
Online Books on the History of Iraqi Architecture, posted by ArchNet
Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies), keywords Irak, Iraq (site in German, most titles listed in English; hundreds of entries; publications mostly since 1970)
Search RHS Bibliography for Iraq
Search UK National Archive Online Library for Iraq
Food and Culture (a bibliography), by R.T. Dirks, click on South West Asia
Bibliography, from Kurdistanica
Kurdish Life 1991-, cumulative index
International Journal of Kurdish Studies 1988-2002, cumulative index
Etudes Kurdes 2000-
Biographies Famous Iraqis, from Nations Encyclopedia
List of Iraqis, from Wikipedia
Others Alcohol and Drugs History Society : Iraq
Crime and Society. A Comparative Criminology Tour of the World : Iraq
Article Simele Massacre (1933), from Wikipedia
Disaster History by Country : Iraq, from Relief Web
Palearctic Ecoregion, from WWF
Article Iraq at the Olympics, from Wikipedia
Robert Cohen, Marsh Arabs & Iraq, ICE Case Studies 1997; Tigris-Euphrates River Dispute, ICE Case Studies 1997; Brad Martsching, Iraq-Iran War and Waterway Claims, ICE Case Studies 1998; Iraq Sanctions and Economic Impact, ICE Case Studies 2002; Raul A. Burgos, Kurdistan : Ethnic Conflict and Oil in Iraq, ICE Case Studies 2005

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); Regnal Chronologies : Mesopotamia
from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
List of Ambassadors List of Ambassadors from the United Kingdom to Iraq, from Wikipedia; U.S. Ambassadors to Iraq, from NNDB; Chinese Ambassadors to Iraq, from PRC MOFA
Liste der Botschafter der Bundesrepublik Deutschland in Bagdad (Irak), from Wikipedia German edition
Statistical Data Responsible Institution Central Organization for Statistics, Iraq
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics, Iraq, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Population of Cities : Iraq, from City Population
Election Results from Psephos (since 2005); from IFES Election Guide (since 2000)
Elections and Electoral Systems around the world : Iraq, from Area Studies, at Keele
from Electoral Geography 2.0
Online Newspapers links from Online Newspapers, from ABYZ News Links, from World Newspapers,
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Systematic Collections
Specialist
Iraq Pics, Photos from Iraq
Accidental Collections Acid Cow, Historical Iraq Photos
Oriental Collections
Items on Iraq
AGSL Digital Photo Archive : Asia and Middle East
Gertrude Bell Archive Photo Collection
Universal Collections
Items on Iraq
License plates from Iraq, from Francoplaque; from License Plates of the World
Passport, from World Passports
Historic Picture Postcards, from Postcardman, commercial site
Airline Timetable Images : Iraq
Modern Documents The History of Iraq, from World History Archives
Documents : Gertrude Bell Collection 1868-1926 posted by Univ. of Newcastle
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Iraq, from ILO, 66 docs. since 1932
Information by Country : Iraq, from U.S. Committee for Refugees, 13 Reports 1991-2000
Estimates of Death Toll in Shia Rebellion 1991-1992, posted by Matthew White, scroll down for Iraq
Historical Documents, from MidEastWeb
Iraq Documents, from United Nations Information Archive
Internet Law Library : Iraq; Constitution, from ICL
Iraq Documents pertaining to Kurdistan, 1932-1992, from Solami
British Intelligence Reports on the Creation of Modern Iraq, 1914-1921, published by IDC Publishers
Iraq and WMD, declassified documents from National Security Archive
Oral Histories : The Iraq Experience Project, from United States Institute of Peace
Search Hansard for Iraq
Search CIA Released Documents for Iraq
Iraq, pp.1-27 in vol.9 of Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America 1776-1949, 1972, GB
Historical Maps responsible institutions UNESCO : National Map Agencies : Iraq : State Establishment of Surveying, Baghdad
collections WHKMLA Historical Atlas Iraq page
Atlas of Iraq, from Wikimedia Commons
Historical and Political Maps of Arabia, J. de Salas Vara del Rey
Iraq Maps, PCL, UTexas
PBS, Global Connections : The Middle East : Maps
Mohammad al Kurbi Collection of Maps and Prints
Search David Rumsey Map Collection for Arabia
Circle of Iranian Studies, The Largest Collection of Historical Maps of the Persian Gulf
Iraq, hindsight
Iraq, contemporary Arabia 1875, 1904, 1906, 1922, 1930, 1932, 1938, Probert Encyclopedia
Map : Persian Gulf 1906, from Probert Encyclopedia
Map : Iraqi and Persian Oil Fields 1936, Probert Encyclopedia
Ethnic Map of Iraq, from PBS
Ethnic Map of Baghdad, from Healing Iraq
detail, Modern
detail, contemporary
Archives, Musea, Libraries Iraq Museum Open Directory, from Baghdad Museum
The Destruction of Iraq's National Library and Archives, from The Memory Hole
Asessment of Damage to Libraries and Archives in Iraq, from IFLANET
The Iraqi Jewish Archive, at Oriental Institute, Univ. of Chicago
National Archives, UK, Iraq Documents 1914-1974 description of funds
Iraq Documents at Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
National Symbols Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from Wikipedia; National Anthem, from National Anthems Net
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Iraq, from World Currency Museum, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Coin Catalog of Iraq, from Numismaticon; Coins of Islamic Dynasties, from Zeno, click Umayyad, Abbasid, Ottoman etc.; Iraq coins, from World Coin Gallery
Stamps Rare Iraq, Mosul Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Catalogue; Iraq Stamps 1917-1920, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
on Iraq survey of bibliographies Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, Iraq Bibliographies
bibliographic database
general bibliographies pp.409-436 in E.A. Ghareeb, Historical Dictionary of Iraq, Lanham Md : Scarecrow 2004 [G]
Bibliography, Library of Congress Country Studies : Iraq
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies Clemson Univ., Iraq Wars Bibliography
The Road to the Iraq War: An Annotated Bibliography 2006
U.S. Marines in Iraq 2004-2008, Anthology and Annotated Bibliography
Kurdish Society for Information Science & Technology (KSIST) Kurdish Bibliography
J. Mella, A Bibliography of Kurdistan andf the Kurds
pp.221-274 in M.M. Gunter, Historical Dictionary of the Kurds, Lanham MD : Scarecrow 2004 [G]
serial publications New Asia Books : Iraq
general bibliographies
Iraq entries
J. Gay, Bibliographie des ouvrages relatifs a l'Afrique et a l'Arabie : catalogue methodique de tous les ouvrages français et des principaux en langues etrang?es traitant de la geographie, de l'histoire, du commerce, des lettres et des arts de l'Afrique et de l'Arabie 1875, in French, Gallica
Schnurrer/Chauvin, Bibliographie des ouvrages arabes ou relatifs aux Arabes: publies dans l'Europe chretienne de 1810 a 1885 vol.3, vol.4, vol.5, vol.6, vol.7, vol.9, vol.10, vol.11, vol.12, 1892-1922, IA
booksellers
Online Libraries general Google Books; Internet Archives; Gutenberg Library Online; HathiTrust; Gallica
International Boundary Studies
on Iraq
Online Journals full text online Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Mediterranee 1966-2008, Persee
Search Parameters, US Army War College Quarterly 1971- for Iraq
Table of Contents
Online
Historiography Article : Arabic Historiography, by E.M. Choueiri, pp.40-42 in vol.1 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998
On the Middle East Ritchie Ovendale, The Longman Companion to the Middle East since 1914, London etc.: Longman 1994 [G]
General Accounts Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.21, pp.972-996 Article Iraq. KMLA Lib. Call Sign R 032 B862h v.21
Charles Tripp, A History of Iraq, Cambridge : UP 2000 [G]
Courtney Hunt, The History of Iraq, Westport CT : Greenwood 2005, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 956.7 H939h
Economic History J.R. Ghanima, The trade of Iraq in ancient and modern times (1922), posted on Internet Archive
Specific Topics J. Hathaway, The Arab Lands under Ottoman Rule 1516-1800, Harlow : Longman Pearson 2008 KMLA Lib. Call Sign 953.03 H363a
H.J. Kornrumpf, Zur osmanischen Verwaltungsgliederung des Irak im 19. Jahrhundert, eine Auswertung der Salname's 1263-96/1847-79 (1979), (On the Ottoman administrative division of Iraq in the 19th century. An analysis of the Salname's 1263-96/1847-79), in : Analecta Isisiana LV, Istanbul : Isis 2001 pp.367-376 (in German) [G]
Chapter 5 : The Arab Struggle for Independence, pp.70-91; 6 : The Second World War, pp.92-104, 7 : Post-War Unsettlement, pp.105-113, in : Peter Mansfield, The Ottoman Empire and its Successors, London : MacMillan (1973) 1976 [G]
The Arab World pp.541-553, Kings of the Middle East pp.554-572 in : John Gunther, Inside Asia, 1942 War Edition, NY : Harper & Brothers (1938) 1942
Hal Lehrman, Development in Iraq I, pp.256-263; from the "Economist" : Development in Iraq II, pp.263-280, in : Walter Z. Laqueur (ed.), The Middle East in Transition, NY : Praeger 1958 [G]
Samir al-Khalil, Republic of Fear. The Inside Story of Saddam's Iraq, NY : Pantheon 1989 [G]
Nuha al-Radi, Baghdad Diaries. A Woman's Chronicle of War and Exile, NY : Vintage (1998) 2003 [G]
H.S. Cowper, Through Turkish Arabia: A Journey from the Mediterranean to Bombay by the Euphrates and Tigris .. (1894), posted on Internet Archive
M.E. Hume-Griffith, Behind the veil in Persia and Turkish Arabia; an account of an Englishwoman's eight years' residence amongst the women of the East (1909), posted on Internet Archive
P.h.W. Ireland, Iraq (1937), posted on Internet Archive
Institure of Studies and Research, Iran-Iraq Conflict (1981), posted on Internet Archive
U.S. Army Service, A Short Guide to Iraq (1942), posted on Internet Archive
U.S. Congress, Committee on National Security, United States policy toward Iraq (1997), posted on Internet Archive
H. Field, Arabs of central Iraq, their history, ethnology, and physical characters (1935), posted on Internet Archive
H. Field, The anthropology of Iraq. The Lower Euphrates-Tigris Region (1949), posted on Internet Archive
M. Khadduri, Independent Iraq A Study In Iraqi Politics Since 1932 (1951), posted on Internet Archive
J.R. Ghanima, The trade of Iraq in ancient and modern times (1922), posted on Internet Archive
E. Farah, Evolution of Arabic Revolutionary Ideology (1970), posted on Internet Archive (A short pamphlet by a baathist ideologue)
R. Evans, A brief outline of the campaign in Mesopotamia, 1914-1918 (1925), posted on Internet Archive
M. Aflaq, Choice of texts from the Baath Party founder's thought (1977), posted on Internet Archive
A. Iskandar, Saddam Hussein: the fighter, the thinker and the man (1980), vol.1, vol.2, vol.3, posted on Internet Archive, Baathist
A.N. Groves, Journal of a residence at Bagdad, during the years 1830 and 1831 (1832), posted on Internet Archive
On the road to Kut, a soldier's story of the Mesopotamian campaign (1917), posted on Internet Archive
A.T. Wilson, G.L. Bell, Review of the civil administration of Mesopotamia (1920), posted on Internet Archive
J.P. Hewett, Some impressions of Mesopotamia in 1919 (1920), posted on Internet Archive
E.F. Egan, The war in the cradle of the world, Mesopotamia (1918), posted on Internet Archive
Draft mandates for Mesopotamia and Palestine : as submitted for the approval of the League of Nations (1921), Internet Archive
P. Phillips, Mesopotamia; the "Daily Mail" inquiry at Baghdad (1921), posted on Internet Archive
J.E. Tennant, In the clouds above Baghdad, being the records of an air commander (1920), posted on Internet Archive
E.M. Earle, Turkey, the great powers, and the Bagdad Railway : a study in imperialism (1923), posted on Internet Archive
Historical Dictionaries A.E. Ghareeb, Historical Dictionary of Iraq, Lanham Md.: Scarecrow 2004 [G]
Articles : Assyria pp.47-50, in : James Minahan, Nations without States, A Historical Dictionary of Contemporary National Movements, Westport CT : Greenwood 1996 [G]
M.M. Gunter, Historical Dictionary of the Kurds, Lanham MD : Scarecrow 2004 [G]
Yearbooks Article : Mesopotamia, in : New International Year Book 1918 pp.391-392, 1920 pp.422-423, 1921 p.441 [G]