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Hejaz Shammar
First posted on June 14th 2007, last revised on February 13th 2009







For the time since 1925, see Saudi Arabia

Nejd 1902-1925

For the time until 1921 see Jebel Shammar







DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles from Wikipedia; Article : Najd, from Encyclopedia of the Orient; Nejd, from Old Countries
E.F. Jomard, Notice g?graphique sur le pays de Nedjd, ou Arabie centrale, 1823, in French, GB
Links, General
Historical Dictionaries
Historical Maps
Timelines
Accounts of History from Wikipedia; Article : Najd, from Encyclopedia of the Orient; Nejd, from Old Countries
Encyclopedia Entries Article Arabia, from EB 1911; from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1907 edition
Article Nejd, from EB 1911
Article Arabia, from EB 1902
Articles Nejd, Ibn Sa'ud, Akhwan Movement, from EB 1911
Articles Nedschd, Wahabiten, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Military Wars of Saudi Arabia, 1800-1999, from ACED (wars until 1932)
Article : Nejd Expedition, Ikhwan, from Wikipedia
Economy & Finances Global Currency History : Saudi Arabia
Ethnography, Demography Arabia, pp.170-193 in vol.1A of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Religion Wahhabism, from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
Wahhabi, from Global Security
Die Wechabiten, pp.56-58 in vol.1 of Ethnographisches Archiv, 1814, in German, GB
History of Regions Regions of Saudi Arabia, from www.statoids.com
for regions conquered 1902-1932 see Asir, Al Hasa, Hejaz, Shammar
History of Cities Articles Riyadh, from Wikipedia
Institutions
Bibliographies Search RHS Bibliography for Nejd, Najd

DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel), scroll down for Nejd; from Regnal Chronologies
Other Arab Polities, from World Statesmen
I. Mladjov, Rulers of Najd
Population Figures Historical Statistical data : Saudi Arabia, Provinces, from Population Statistics (J. Lahmeyer
Yearbooks Statesman's Year-Book, 1921, p.1348, IA
Document Collections Historic Picture Postcards, from Postcardman, commercial site
The Letters of T.E. Lawrence
Gertrude Bell Letter Archive, Univ. of Newcastle
British Intelligence Reports on the Creation of Saudi Arabia, published by IDC Publishers
A Collection of First World War Military Handbooks of Arabia, 1913-1917, from Archive Editions
Search Hansard for Nejd, Najd
Search Papers Past for Nejd, Najd (Digitized Collection of New Zealand Newspapers 1839-1920)
Efim A. Rezvan, Russian Reports as a Source on the History of Arabia and the Gulf Region 1898-1904
Ethnographical Arabie, pp.381-382 in X. Heuschling, Manual de statistique ethnographique universelle, 1847, in French, GB
Archives, Musea, Libraries
National Symbols Flag, from FOTW
Coins, Banknotes Search Coin Archives for Nejd
Hejaz and Nejd Counterstamps on Maria Theresia Thalers, from The Maria Theresia Thaler 1780
Stamps Saudi Arabia, from Sandafayre Stamp Atlas

PRINTED REFERENCES
On the Middle East Ritchie Ovendale, The Longman Companion to the Middle East since 1914, London etc.: Longman 1994 [G]
General Accounts Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.13, pp.833-841 Article Arabia : Saudi Arabia KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.13
Madawi al-Rasheed, A History of Saudi Arabia, Cambridge : UP 2002, KMLA Lib.Sign. 953.805 A459h
Specific Periods H.-J. Kornrumpf, Die osmanische Herrschaft auf der Arabischen Halbinsel im 19. Jahrhundert (1980), (Ottoman rule on the Arabian Peninsula in the 19th Century), in : Analecta Isisiana LV, Istanbul : Isis 2001 pp.39-50, in German [G]
H.-J. Kornrumpf, Zur osmanischen Herrschaft in Innerarabien im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert (1984) (On Ottoman rule in Inner Arabia in the 19th and 20th centuries), in : Analecta Isisiana LV, Istanbul : Isis 2001 pp.85-94, in German [G]
A. Blunt, A Piligrimage To Nejd The Cradle Of The Arab Race vol.1, vol.2 1881, posted on Internet rchive
Historical Dictionary J.E. Peterson, Historical Dictionary of Saudi Arabia, Metuchen N.J. : Scarecrow 1993 [G]
Yearbooks Article Arabia Kingdom of Nejd, Kingdom of Hejaz, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1925 pp.662-667 (data of 1923-1925) [G]
Article Arabia : Sultanate of Nejd, in : New International Year Book 1919 p.50, 1920 p.48, 1921 p.49, 1922 p.49, 1923 p.50, 1925 p.46 [G]