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Ottoman Anatolia Ottoman Syria
First posted on October 19th 2010

Ottoman Iraq until 1864 consisted of the Eyalets of Basra, Baghdad and Mosul, from 1864 to 1917 of the Vilayets (provinces) of Basra (Bassora, Bassorah, Bussorah), Baghdad and Mosul. Part of the Ottoman Empire until 1918.

Successors : Iraq.

Historical Atlas, Iraq
List of Wars : Ottoman Arabia

Students' Papers : Kim, Sun Hoo, History of Food and Nutrition in West Asia (2009)

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Country Profiles Historical Joseph Hammer-Purgstall, Des Osmanischen Reichs Staatsverfassung und Staatsverwaltung, vol.1, 1815, vol.2, 1815, in German, GB
J. Rennell, A treatise on the comparative geography of western Asia, 1831, GB
Armenië, Klein-Azië, vol.3 of N.G. van Campen, De Levant of Mohammedaansch Azie volgens de nieuwste Ontdekkingen, in Dutch, 1836, GB
Links from Virtual Library History; Category : History of Iraq, from Wikipedia
History-Related Articles, from Kurdistanica
Historical Dictionaries Kurdistanica, Digital Encyclopedia of Kurdistan
Accounts of History General, Modern Article History of Iraq, from Wikipedia
General, Historical
Specific Periods J.E. Barker, The great problems of British statesmanship (1917), posted on Internet Archive, Ch. III : the Problem of Asiatic Turkey
Economy & Finances Global Currency History : Iraq
A. Martineau, Le commerce français dans le Levant 1902, in French, IA
Religion The Jews of Iraq, from Jewish Virtual Library; Iraq, from International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
The Chaldaean Church. The Christians of Iraq, from Epiphany Byzantine Catholic Church
Category Religion in Iraq, from Wikipedia
Article Yazidi, from Wikipedia
Baghdad as a Jewish City, from The Scribe 2001
History of Regions Articles Dayr az Zawr Province, Mosul Province, Baghdad Vilayet, Basra Vilayet, from Wikipedia
Osmanli Vilayet of Mosul, from Lahana
Local History History of Baghdad, from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
History of Mosul, from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
History of Basra, from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient, from Basrah University
History of Karbala, from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
History of Najaf, from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
Institutions A Short History of Turkish Railways, by Trains of Turkey

Historical Data Lists of Consuls U.S. Consuls in Iraq, from The Political Graveyard, incomplete lists
Documents Image Databanks
Archival Deposits
Constitutions, Laws Ottoman Fermans, posted by the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Consular Reports
Document Collections
Historical Maps Mosul Vilayet 1897, from Wikipedia
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles Irak-Arabi, Basra, Bagdad, Mosul, from EB 1911
Articles Irak Arabi, Bagdad, Basra, Mosul, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1908 edition; Article Delegation Apostolic of Mesopotamia, Kurdistan and Armenia, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1911 edition
Economic The Trade of Arabia, The Trade of the Gulf of Persia (on Bassora), pp.639-643, in : W. Beaves, Lex mercatoria rediviva : or, The merchant's directory, 1773, GB
Bassora, pp.35-37 in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
Entry : Bassora, pp.32-33 in Tomas Antonio de Marien y Arrospide, Tratado general de monedas, pesas, medidas y cambios de todas las naciones, 1789, in Spanish, GB
Entry : Bassora, pp.644-646 in : J.F. Lange et al., Übersicht und Berechnung aller Münzen, Ellenmaasse und Handelsgewichte von allen Welttheilen, 1804, in German, GB
Entry : Bassora, pp.46-47 in P. Kelly, Universal Cambist, 1811, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Bassora oder Basrah, posted by DTBSWS
Bassora, p.63 in G.Th. Flügel, The merchant's assistant, or, Merchantile instructer, 1834, GB
Pachalic of Baghdad, pp.157-159 in vol.2 of J. McGregor, Commercial Statistics. A Digest of the Productive Resources, Commercial Legislation, Customs Tariffs, Navigation, Port and Quarantine Laws, and Charges, Shipping, Imports and Exports and the Monies, Weights and Measures of all Nations, 1844, GB
Grosses Adressbuch der Kaufleute, Fabrikanten und handelnden Gewerbsleute von Europa und den Hauptpläzen der fremden Welttheile, vol.23 : Griechenland, Türkei, Asien, Afrika und Australien, 1845, in German, GB
Trade of the Gulf of Persia pp.385-392 in vol.2 of John McGregor, Commercial Statistics. A Digest of the Productive Resources, Commercial Legislation, Customs Tariffs, Navigation, Port, and Quarantine Laws, and Charges, Shipping, Imports and Exports, the Monies, Measures and Weights of all Nations, 1847, GB
Geographical Directions for Sailing up the Gulf of Persia and to Bassora, pp.170-178 in J. Huddart, The oriental navigator, or, New directions for sailing to and from the East, 1801, GB
Koordistan pp.156-166, Mesopotamia or al-Jezeerah pp.166-178, Iraca-Arabi pp.178-184, in vol.4 of J. Bell, A system of geography, popular and scientific, 1832, GB
Asiatic Turkey : Mesopotamia pp.211-212 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c. 1910, GB
Asiatic Turkey : Al Gezira, p.364, Irak Arabi p.365 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
Historical Yearbook Entries
Tour Guides
Travelogues R. Walpole, Memoirs relating to European and Asiatic Turkey, and other countries of the East (1818), IA
J.M. Tancoigne, A narrative of a journey into Persia, and residence at Teheran, 1820, GB ; crosses Asia Minor from Constantinople
R. Walpole, Travels in various countries of the East, 1820, GB
W.M. Leake, Journal of a tour in Asia Minor, 1824, GB
G. Geary, Through Asiatic Turkey: Narrative of a Journey from Bombay to the Bosphorus (1878), IA
M. Sykes, Dar-ul-Islam; a record of a journey through ten of the Asiatic provinces of Turkey (1904), IA
Institutions Archives Ottoman Archives (site in Turkish; see Wikipedia Article
The Iraqi Jewish Archive, at Oriental Institute, Univ. of Chicago
National Archives, UK, Iraq Documents 1914-1974 description of funds
Iraq Documents at Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Official Symbols Coins Coins of Islamic Dynasties, from Zeno, click Umayyad, Abbasid, Fatimid, Ayyubid, Mameluk, Ottoman etc.

Bibliographies general Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies) (site in German, most titles listed in English; numerous entries; publications mostly since 1970)
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
on the Ottoman Empire J. Gay, Bibliographie des ouvrages relatifs a l'Afrique et a l'Arabie : catalogue methodique de tous les ouvrages français et des principaux en langues etrangères traitant de la geographie, de l'histoire, du commerce, des lettres et des arts de l'Afrique et de l'Arabie 1875, in French, Gallica
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
on the Ottoman Empire
Online Journals full text online
Table of Contents
Historiography Article : Arabic Historiography, by E.M. Choueiri, pp.40-42 in vol.1 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998
General Accounts Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.21, pp.972-996 Article Iraq. KMLA Lib. Call Sign R 032 B862h v.21
Charles Tripp, A History of Iraq, Cambridge : UP 2000 [G]
Courtney Hunt, The History of Iraq, Westport CT : Greenwood 2005, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 956.7 H939h
J. Hathaway, The Arab Lands under Ottoman Rule 1516-1800, Harlow : Longman Pearson 2008 KMLA Lib. Call Sign 953.03 H363a
Specific Topics Chapter 5 : The Arab Struggle for Independence, pp.70-91; 6 : The Second World War, pp.92-104, 7 : Post-War Unsettlement, pp.105-113, in : Peter Mansfield, The Ottoman Empire and its Successors, London : MacMillan (1973) 1976 [G]
Norman A. Stillman, The Jews of Arab Lands, A History and Source Book, Philadelphia : Jewish Publication Society of America 1979, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 909.04 S857j
Historical Dictionaries A.E. Ghareeb, Historical Dictionary of Iraq, Lanham Md.: Scarecrow 2004 [G]
Articles : Assyria pp.47-50, in : James Minahan, Nations without States, A Historical Dictionary of Contemporary National Movements, Westport CT : Greenwood 1996 [G]

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