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Yemen Jordan
First posted on July 5th 2002, last revised on February 13th 2009

Saudi Arabia since 2003
Saudi Arabia 1990-2003
Saudi Arabia 1981-1990
Saudi Arabia 1973-1981
Saudi Arabia 1964-1973
Saudi Arabia 1953-1964
Saudi Arabia 1932-1953
Hejaz and Nejd 1926-1932

For the history prior to 1926, see Nejd, Hejaz, Asir, Jebel Shammar (until 1921), Al Hasa

Students' Papers : Kim, Sun Hoo, History of Food and Nutrition in West Asia (2009)

Country Profiles from BBC Country Profiles; from World Desk Reference ; from Nations Encyclopedia; from Wikipedia; from CIA World Factbook
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Saudi Arabia
Article : Saudi Arabia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
Links, General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL
Category : Saudi Arabia, from Wikipedia
Links, on History from Virtual Library History; Category : History of Saudi Arabia, from Wikipedia
Historical Dictionaries
Timelines Timeline, from BBC News; from timelines.ws
Accounts of History from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient; from Embassy of Saudi Arabia, from Mid East Web; from The Saudi Network; from Samirad
Politics Political Resources on the Net : Saudi Arabia; Article Politics of Saudi Arabia, from Wikipedia; Governments on the WWW : Saudi Arabia; Saudi Arabia Profile, from International Crisis Group
G. Salame, Political Power and the Saudi State, pp.579-600 in A.H. Hourani, The Modern Middle East: a reader, 1993, GB
Military Wars of Saudi Arabia, 1800-1999, from ACED
Orders, Decorations and Medals of Saudi Arabia, from ODM
Saudi Arabia Military Guide, from Global Security
Chris Murphy, Saudi-Yemen Border Dispute, ICE Case Studies 2006
Economy & Finances Global Currency History : Saudi Arabia
Article : Economy of Saudi Arabia, from Wikipedia; from Encyclopedia of the Orient
Company Histories : Saudi Arabian Oil Company, Saudi Basic Industries Corporation, Saudi Arabian Airlines, Dallah Albaraka Group, from Funding Universe
History of Saudi Arabia British Bank, of Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency
Ethnography, Demography Languages of Saudi Arabia (5), from Ethnologue
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Saudi Arabia
Religion Article Religion in Saudi Arabia, from Wikipedia, Category : Religion in Saudi Arabia, from Wikipedia
International Religious Freedom Report 2003 : Saudi Arabia, from U.S. Department of State
Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Saudi Arabia, from Kirken i Norge
History of Regions Regions of Saudi Arabia, Governorates of Saudi Arabia, from www.statoids.com
see History of Asir, Al Hasa, Hejaz, Nejd, Shammar at this site
History of Cities Articles : Dhahran : History, Ha'il : History, Hofuf, Jeddah : History, Mecca : History, Medina : History, Riyadh : History, Ta'if History, from Wikipedia
Entries Dammam, Dhahran, Ha'il, Hofuf, Jedda, Mecca, Madina, Riyadh, at-Ta'if, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
Discovering Old Jeddah, by John and Suzy Pint
Abha and Assir Region, from Saudi Cities
Institutions History of the Hijaz Railway, from Nabataea.net, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
Saudi Arabia, from Airline History
Article King Saud University, from Wikipedia
Structurae : Saudi Arabia; search Lighthouse Explorer for Saudi Arabia
Bibliographies Search ISBN Database for Hejaz, Nejd, Asir, el Hasa, Shammar, Saudi Arabia
Online Books on the History of Saudi Arabian Architecture, posted by ArchNet
Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies), keywords Saudi-Arabien, Saudi Arabia (site in German, most titles listed in English; hundreds of entries; publications mostly since 1970)
Search UK National Archive Online Library for Saudi Arabia
Food and Culture (a bibliography), by R.T. Dirks, click on South West Asia
Biographies List of Jordanians, from Wikipedia
Others Alcohol and Drugs History Society : Saudi Arabia
Geschichte Österreichisch-Saudischer Beziehungen (History of Austrian-Saudi Arabian Diplomatic Relations), from Austrian Embassy, Riyadh, in German
Search International Boundary Studies for Saudi Arabia
Article : Saudi Arabia at the Olympics, from Wikipedia
Disaster History by Country : Saudi Arabia, from Relief Web
Palearctic Ecoregion, from WWF

Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from Regnal Chronologies, scroll down for Arabia, the Caliphate, Ha'il, Hejaz, Mecca, Saudi Arabia
from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Lists of Ambassadors List of Ambassadors from the United Kingdom to Saudi Arabia, from Wikipedia; U.S. Ambassadors to Saudi Arabia, from NNDB; Chinese Ambassadors to Saudi Arabia, from PRC MOFA; Liste der Botschafter der Bundesrepublik Deutschland in Djidda/Riad (Saudi Arabien), from Wikipedia German edition ; Les representants de la France en Arabie Saoudite depuis 1942, from Ambafrance
Statistical Data Responsible Institution Central Department of Statistics & Information, Saudi Arabia
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics, Saudi Arabia, from Population Statistics at Univ. Utrecht
City Population : Saudi Arabia, from City Population
Historical Abortion Statistics, Saudi Arabia, from Johnston's Archive
Election Results from Psephos
Online Newspapers links from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
Systematic Collections
Umair Salam, Old Saudi Pics
HiJazzey, Old Photos of the Hijaz
Accidental Collections Saudi Jeans, Old Pictures from Saudi Arabia
Universal Collections
Items on Saudi Arabia
License plates from Jordan, from Francoplaque; from License Plates of the World
Passport, from World Passports, scroll down
Airline Timetable Images : Saudi Arabia
Archive Deposits Nationaal Archief (NL) : Inventaris van het archief van het Consulaat te Djeddah (Turkije / Saoedi-Arabie), 1873-1930, later Nederlands Gezantschap in Saoedi-Arabie (Djeddah), 1930-1950
Document Collections History of the Arabian Peninsula, from World History Archives, scroll down for Saudi Arabia
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Saudi Arabia, from ILO, 15 docs. since 1976
Internet Law Library : Saudi Arabia
Trattato di amicizia e commercio, Italia - Hegiaz - Neged, 10 febbraio 1932, from Prassi Italiana di Diritto Internazionale, in Italian
British Intelligence Reports on the Creation of Saudi Arabia, published by IDC Publishers
Historic Picture Postcards, from Postcardman, commercial site
Search Hansard for Trans-Jordan, Jordan
Search Cambridge Archive Editions for Saudi Arabia
Search CIA Released Documents for Saudi Arabia
Historical Maps responsible institutions UNESCO : National Map Agencies : Saudi Arabia : Aerial Survey Department Ministry of Petroleum and Mineral Resources, Jiddah
collections Historical Maps of Saudi Arabia, from The Map Database
Historical and Political Maps of Arabia, J. de Salas Vara del Rey
Saudi Arabia Maps, PCL, UTexas
Category : Old Maps of Saudi Arabia, Maps of the History of Saudi Arabia, Wikimedia Commons
PBS, Global Connections : The Middle East : Maps
Mohammad al Kurbi Collection of Maps and Prints
Search David Rumsey Map Collection for Arabia
Saudi Arabia, hindsight
Saudi Arabia, contemporary Arabia 1875, 1904, 1906, 1922, 1930, 1932, 1938, Probert Encyclopedia
detail, Modern
detail, contemporary Map : Persian Gulf 1906, from Probert Encyclopedia Antiquarian Map Archive
Map : Hejaz 1922, from Probert Encyclopedia Antiquarian Map Archive
Archives, Musea, Libraries ICA's Members : Saudi Arabia, from International Council on Archives
Museums in Saudi Arabia, from Museum Stuff
National Symbols Flag, from FOTW
National Anthem, from national-anthems.net
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Saudi Arabia, from World Currency Museum, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money, from Numismondo
Coin Catalog of Saudi Arabia, from Numismaticon; Saudi Arabian Coins, from Don's World Coin Gallery; Search Coin Archives for Saudi Arabia; Saudi Arabia, from Encyclopedia of Small Silver Coins

Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on Saudi Arabia survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database
general bibliographies pp.215-244 in J.E. Peterson, Historical Dictionary of Saudi Arabia, Lanham Md : Scarecrow 1993 [G]
pp.205-258 in J.E. Peterson, Historical Dictionary of Saudi Arabia, Lanham Md : Scarecrow 2003 [G]
Bibliography, Library of Congress Country Studies : Saudi Arabia
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies
serial publications
general bibliographies
Saudi Arabia entries
J. Gay, Bibliographie des ouvrages relatifs a l'Afrique et a l'Arabie : catalogue methodique de tous les ouvrages français et des principaux en langues etrangères traitant de la geographie, de l'histoire, du commerce, des lettres et des arts de l'Afrique et de l'Arabie 1875, in French, Gallica
Schnurrer/Chauvin, Bibliographie des ouvrages arabes ou relatifs aux Arabes: publies dans l'Europe chretienne de 1810 a 1885 vol.3, vol.4, vol.5, vol.6, vol.7, vol.9, vol.10, vol.11, vol.12, 1892-1922, IA
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
International Boundary Studies
on Saudi Arabia Saudi Digital Library; official, access restricted to Saudi scholars
Online Journals full text online Revue des mondes musulmans et de la Mediterranee 1966-2008, Persee
Saudi AramCo World 1960-
Table of Contents
On the Middle East Ritchie Ovendale, The Longman Companion to the Middle East since 1914, London etc.: Longman 1994 [G]
General Accounts Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.13, pp.833-841 Article Arabia : Saudi Arabia KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.13
Madawi al-Rasheed, A History of Saudi Arabia, Cambridge : UP 2002, KMLA Lib.Sign. 953.805 A459h
Specific Periods H.-J. Kornrumpf, Die osmanische Herrschaft auf der Arabischen Halbinsel im 19. Jahrhundert (1980), (Ottoman rule on the Arabian Peninsula in the 19th Century), in : Analecta Isisiana LV, Istanbul : Isis 2001 pp.39-50, in German [G]
H.-J. Kornrumpf, Zur osmanischen Herrschaft in Innerarabien im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert (1984) (On Ottoman rule in Inner Arabia in the 19th and 20th centuries), in : Analecta Isisiana LV, Istanbul : Isis 2001 pp.85-94, in German [G]
H.-J. Kornrumpf, Zur Geschichte des Sandschaks Asir (Westarabien) in den letzten Jahren der osmanischen Herrschaft (1993) (On the history of Sanjak Asir (Western Arabia) in the last years of Ottoman rule), in : Analecta Isisiana LV, Istanbul : Isis 2001 pp.249-256, in German [G]
H.-J. Kornrumpf, Die Hedschasbahn und Alois Musil (1995) (The Hejaz Railrod and Alois Musil), in : Analecta Isisiana LV, Istanbul : Isis 2001 pp.291-298, in German [G]
H.-J. Kornrumpf, Neuere Beschreibungen von al-Hasa in amtlichen osmanischen Veröffentlichungen (1978), (Newer Descriptions of al-Hasa in Official Ottoman Publications), in : Analecta Isisiana LV, Istanbul : Isis 2001 pp.333-350, in German [G]
Historical Dictionary J.E. Peterson, Historical Dictionary of Saudi Arabia, Metuchen N.J. : Scarecrow 1993 [G]
J.E. Peterson, Historical Dictionary of Saudi Arabia, Lanham Md : Scarecrow 2003 [G]

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