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Nejd Hejaz
First posted on June 14th 2007, last revised on February 12th 2009







For the time since 1925, see Saudi Arabia
For the time since 1921, see Nejd

Shammar 1902-1921








DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles from Wikipedia, Jebel Shammar, from Old Countries
Links, General
Historical Dictionaries
Historical Maps Map of the Ottoman Empire 1845 : Jebel Shammar, from euratlas
Timelines
Accounts of History from Wikipedia, Jebel Shammar, from Old Countries
Emirate of Talal Abdullah al-Rasheed, Emirate of Abdullah al-Rasheed, from www.shammar.net
Encyclopedia Entries Article Arabia, from EB 1911; from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1907 edition
Article Arabia, from EB 1902
Military Wars of Saudi Arabia, 1800-1999, from ACED
Al Hasa in 1914, the Forgotten Debacle, in : Enver Pasha and his Times, from Solving Problems through Force, by Glenn W. Stefanovics
Economy & Finances Global Currency History : Saudi Arabia
Ethnography, Demography
Religion
History of Regions Regions of Saudi Arabia, from www.statoids.com
Articles Shammar, from Wikipedia
History of Cities Articles Ha'il, from Wikipedia
Ha'il, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
Hail, from Saudi Info
Institutions
Bibliographies
Biographies Articles Rashidi, from Wikipedia


DIRECTORY OF INTERNET SOURCES . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel), scroll down; from Regnal Chronologies
Other Arab Polities, from World Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Statistical data : Saudi Arabia, Provinces, from Population Statistics (J. Lahmeyer
Yearbooks Statesman's Year-Book, 1921, p.1348, IA
Document Collections Historic Picture Postcards, from Postcardman, commercial site
The Letters of T.E. Lawrence
Gertrude Bell Letter Archive, Univ. of Newcastle
British Intelligence Reports on the Creation of Saudi Arabia, published by IDC Publishers
A Collection of First World War Military Handbooks of Arabia, 1913-1917, from Archive Editions
Search Hansard for Shammar
Search Papers Past for Shammar (Digitized Collection of New Zealand Newspapers 1839-1920)
Archives, Musea, Libraries
National Symbols
Coins, Banknotes

PRINTED REFERENCES
On the Middle East Ritchie Ovendale, The Longman Companion to the Middle East since 1914, London etc.: Longman 1994 [G]
General Accounts Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.13, pp.833-841 Article Arabia : Saudi Arabia KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.13
Madawi al-Rasheed, A History of Saudi Arabia, Cambridge : UP 2002, KMLA Lib.Sign. 953.805 A459h
Specific Periods H.-J. Kornrumpf, Die osmanische Herrschaft auf der Arabischen Halbinsel im 19. Jahrhundert (1980), (Ottoman rule on the Arabian Peninsula in the 19th Century), in : Analecta Isisiana LV, Istanbul : Isis 2001 pp.39-50, in German [G]
H.-J. Kornrumpf, Zur osmanischen Herrschaft in Innerarabien im 19. und 20. Jahrhundert (1984) (On Ottoman rule in Inner Arabia in the 19th and 20th centuries), in : Analecta Isisiana LV, Istanbul : Isis 2001 pp.85-94, in German [G]
Historical Dictionary J.E. Peterson, Historical Dictionary of Saudi Arabia, Metuchen N.J. : Scarecrow 1993 [G]
Yearbook Entries Article Arabia Kingdom of Nejd, Kingdom of Hejaz, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1925 pp.662-667 (data of 1923-1925) [G]
Article Arabia : Emirate of Jebel Shammar, in : New International Year Book 1919 p.50, 1920 p.48, 1921 p.49, 1922 p.49, 1923 p.50, 1925 p.46 [G]