1840-1878 1914-1918

Cyprus 1878-1914

During the Berlin Conference of 1878, Britain leased Cyprus from the Ottoman Empire (formally on the context of tax farming, then practiced in the Ottoman Empire). The annual tribute of 92,799 Pounds 11 Shilling 3 Pence , as well as the costs of the British administration, had to be paid for by the Cypriot population. The Cypriot Pound was introduced in 1879. The Bank of Cyprus was established in 1899.
Britain established military bases, improved on the island's road system, established a resort in the Troodos Mountains. The Cyprus Museum was opened in 1883, the railway line Famagusta-Nicosia opened in 1905.

The British Period, from History of Cyprus
British Rule in Cyprus 1878-1960, from Cyprus History posted by CypNet, pro TRNC
Article Cypriot Pound, from Wikipedia
Article Bank of Cyprus, from Wikipedia
Article Modern History of Cyprus, from Wikipedia
Cyprus Bibliography : British Rule 1878-1960, from Kypros.Org
DOCUMENTS Cyprus, from World Statesmen
REFERENCE Article : Cyprus, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1913 pp. 640-641 (on events of 1912) [G]
Article : Cyprus, in : Statesman's Year Book 1895 pp.109-111, 1898 pp.109-111, 1901 pp.118-120, 1905 pp.122-124, 1910 pp.108-110 [G]
Article : Cyprus, in : International Year Book 1898 p.254, 1899 p.254, 1900 pp.285-286 [G]
Article : Cyprus, in : New International Year Book 1907 pp.213-214, 1908 p.197, 1909 pp.197-198, 1913 p.197 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on October 23rd 2006, last revised on August 30th 2007

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