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Terek Oblast
First posted on September 17th 2010

The first Cossacks had moved into the region in 1520. By the end of the 16th century, the band of (independent) Terek Cossacks was strong enough to launch campaigns against the Ottoman Empire. In 1720 the Russian Empire established control over the Terek Cossacks. In the later 18th century, more Cossacks from the Don and Dnepr regions were moved into the area, and Russia began a policy of expansion. In 1860 the Terek Cossack Host was formed; in 1869 Terek Oblast, capital Vladikavkaz, as part of the Governorate General of the Caucasus.
In 1921 Terek Oblast was divided in Terek Governorate and the Mountain Republic (the latter existing since 1917, now transformed into a Communist entity). In 1922 the Chechen AO seceded and territory was ceded to Dagestan; in 1924 the remainder was partitioned into the North Ossetian AO and the Ingushetian AO.

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Country Profiles Current Article : Derbentskaya Gubernia, Dagestanskaya Oblast, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Historical K. Zimmermann, Memoir on the countries about the Caspian and Aral seas 1840, GB
Links General
on History
Historical Dictionary N S. Vsevolojsky, Dictionnaire geographique-historique de l'empire de Russie , 1813, in French, GB
Accounts of History general Aleksandr Kazem-Bek, Derbend-nameh: or, The history of Derbend, 1831, trsl. from the Turkish, GB
L. Moser, The Caucasus and its people, with a brief history of their wars, 1856, GB
specific periods Articles Mountainous Republic of the Northern Caucasus, Mountain ASSR, Viceroyalty of the Caucasus, from Wikipedia
Economy & Finances J. Hanway, An Historical Account of the British Trade over the Caspian Sea: with the Revolutions of Persia, vol.1 1753, vol.2 1753, vol.3 1753, vol.4 1753, GB
Travels in Russia : Commerce of the Caspian, pp.318-333 in W. Coxe, Travels into Poland, Russia, Sweden and Denmark, 1802, GB
Ethnography see under Chechnya, Dagestan.html">
History of Regions
Local History
Structures, Institutions

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Russia, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Document Collections
Historical Maps Caucasus etc. 1882, from FEEFHS (Blackie & Sons 1882)
Southeastern Russia, from Flemming's Kriegs-Handatlas 1854 (o the Crimean War), posted by M. Witkam
Maps : Caucasus (Atlas Marksa, 2nd edition 1910), posted by M. Witkam
Map : Dagestanskaya Oblast, Administrative Division, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Map of Administrative Division, posted by R. Daward
Maps : Languages of the Caucasus, Languages of East Caucasus 1, Languages of East Caucasus 2, from Titus
Map : North Caucasus Krai 1931, from Wikipedia Russian edition
Encyclopedia Entries
General Dagestan, pp.660-661 in vol.12 of Encyclopedie ou Dictionnaire universel raisonne des connoissances, 1772, in French, GB
Daghestan, Dagistan, p.4 in vol.7 of the 2nd. ed. of Encyclopaedia Perthensis, 1816, GB
Article : Derbend, pp.168-169 in vol.7 of The London Encyclopedia, 1829, GB
Article Caucasia, p.251 in vol.5 of Encyclopaedia Britannica 1833, GB
Daghestan, pp.21-22 in vol.19 of Dictionnaire de la conversation et de la lecture, 1835, in French, GB
Daghestan, p.208 in vol.6 of The new American cyclopaedia, 1867, GB
Articles Daghestan, Kaukasien, Derbend, Inguschen, Tschetschenzen, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Government-Generalship : Caucasia, Governments : Daghestan, Cities : Petrovsk, Derbent, from EB 1911
Geographical Entry : Dagestan, pp.327-329, in : T.G. Smoillett, The Present State of the World, vol.7 1768, posted on Google Books
De Dagestan, la Circassie etc., pp.238-240 in vol.2 of L.A.N. de la Croix, Geographie Moderne, 1778, in French, GB
Del Dagestan, la Circasia etc., pp.291-295 in L.A.N. de Lacroix, Geografia moderna, 1779, in Spanish, GB
Dagestan mit Lesgistan, pp.101-106 in vol.2 of A.Chr. Borheck, Erdbeschreibung von Asien, 1793, in German, GB
Article : Caucasia, p.133 in R. Brookes, The general gazetteer: or, Compendious geographical dictionary, 1815, GB
Dagistan, pp.577-581 in vol.1 of Gihan numa: geographia orientalis , 1818, in Latin, GB
Government of Caucasia, pp.44-62 in vol.2 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal geography, 1824, GB
Kaukasien, pp.307-314 in vol.1 of Das Russische Kaiserreich, seine Geographie, Statistik, Volks- und Regentengeschichte, 1847, in German, GB
Daghestan and Lesghistan, pp.572-573 in R.S. Fisher, The Book of the World, 1852, GB
Articles Kaukasien, Cis, Derbend eller Daghestan, from Geografisk-Statistisk Haandbog 1858-1863, in Danish
W.H. Beable, Russian gazetteer and guide, being an account of the territorial divisions and a description of over 300 of the principal towns and cities of Russia, Finland and Siberia (1919), posted on Internet Archive; Dagestan p.20, Derbent p.57
Parliamentary Debates foreign Hansard (British Parliament)
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Coat of Arms of Derbent (Dagestan) 1843, from Wikipedia
Coat of Arms of Dagestan, from Wikipedia

Bibliographies general RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
ISBN Database
on Saratov
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Country Specific
Online Journals full text online The Caucasus and Globalization
Central Asia and the Caucasus
Central Eurasia Annual
General Accounts
Historical Dictionary B. Raymond, P. Duffy, Historical Dictionary of Russia, Methuan : Scarecrow 1998, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 947.8 R268h

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