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Egypt Qajar Persia
First posted on May 30th 2002, last revised on December 9th 2011







For the history of successor states click here : Algeria, Albania, Bosnia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Egypt, Greece, Hungary, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, Syria, Tunisia, Turkey

World War I . 1908-1914 . 1878-1908 . 1871-1878 . 1861-1871 . 1839-1861 . 1808-1839 . 1789-1808

For the history of Ottoman regions, click Rumelia, Ottoman Anatolia, Ottoman Syria
For the history of Ottoman vilayets : Crete, Vilayet of Silistra, Elayet of White Sea Islands, Cyprus
For the history of Ottoman sattelites : Moldavia, Serbia, Wallachia, Ragusa



Documents : Ottoman Empire posted on partner-site psm-data
Historical Atlas : Ottoman Empire Page
Wars of the Ottoman Empire : Rumelia, Anatolia, Arabia, Egypt

Students' Papers : Chu, Haena, Comparative history of art patronage : Renaissance Florence and the Ottoman Empire (15th-17th century) (2013)
Students' Papers : Kim, Sun Hoo, History of Food and Nutrition in West Asia (2009)
Students' Papers : Kim, Sungjun, History of Transportation in the Modern Ottoman Empire (2009)
Students' Papers : Park, Young Jin, Multicultural Metropoleis : Vienna and Istanbul, as described in Historic Encyclopedias (2009)
Students' Papers : Park, Sang Woo, Turning Points in History : The Battle of Kahlenberg (Vienna) 1683 (2008)







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WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNAL FILES
Country Profiles Current Article : Ottoman Empire, from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient
Historical Joseph Hammer-Purgstall, Des Osmanischen Reichs Staatsverfassung und Staatsverwaltung, vol.1, 1815, vol.2, 1815, in German, GB
J. Reid, Turkey and the Turks, being the Present State of the Ottoman Empire (1840), posted on Internet Archive
Th. Thornton, The present state of Turkey ; or, A description of the political, civil, and religious Constitution, Government, and Laws of the Ottoman Empire .. , 1807, 2nd ed. vol.1, 1809, 2nd ed. vol.2, 1809, GB
F.H. Ungewitter, Die Türkei in der Gegenwart, Zukunft und Vergangenheit, 1854, in German, GB
Links Category : Ottoman Empire, from Wikipedia
Historical Dictionaries Habibullah's Illustrated Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire and her times, online version, detailed
K.G. Mostras, Dictionnaire Geographique de l'Empire Ottoman (1873), posted on Internet Archive
B. d'Herbelot et al., Bibliotheque orientale : ou Dictionnaire universel contenant tout ce qui fait connoitre les Peuples d'Orient, vol.1 : A-E, 1777, vol.2 : F-M, 1778, vol.3 : N-Z, 1778, vol.4, 1779, in French, GB
Organizations
Timelines from turizm.net, from Wikipedia (since 1813)
Accounts of History General, Modern Article : Ottoman Empire, from Wikipedia, from Encyclopedia of the Orient, from The Ottomans
The Ottoman Khilafa, from naqshbandi.org
General, Historical Ottoman Historians : Database
Johannes Leunclavius, Historiae Musulmanae Turcorum, de monumentis ipsorum exscriptae, libri XVIII, 1591, in Latin, GB
Richard Knolles, The Turkish history, vol.2, 1701, GB
Dimitrie Cantemir, Histoire de l'empire ottoman, vol.1, 1743, vol.2, 1743, in French, GB
Vincent Mignot, The history of the Turkish, or Ottoman Empire : from its Foundation in 1300 to the Peace of Belgrade in 1740, vol.1, 1787, vol.2, 1787, vol.3, 1787, vol.4, 1787, GB
J. von Hammer-Purgstall, Geschichte des Osmanischen Reiches, 1834, in German, GB
K. Fried, Die Geschichte des Osmanischen Volkes, 1834, in German, GB
E.S. Creasy, History of Ottoman Turks; from the beginning of their empire to the present time. Chiefly founded on von Hammer (1854), posted on Internet Archive
Alphonse de Lamartine, History of Turkey, vol.1, 1855, vol.2, 1857, vol.3, 1857, GB
Specific Periods A.H. Lybyer, The Government of the Ottoman Empire in the Time of Suleiman the Magnificent (1913), posted on Internet Archive
A. de Juchereau de Saint-Denys, Revolutions de Constantinople en 1807 et 1808, vol.1 1819, vol.2, 1819, in French, IA
T. Williams, The Disposition of Constantinople, 1917, IA
B. Gorges-Gaulis, Angora, Constantinople, Londres, 1922, IA
W.M. Ramsay, The revolution in Constantinople and Turkey, 1909, IA
J. Lorimer, Of the Denationalisation of Constantinople and Its Devotion to International ..., 1876, IA
S. Kamel, La conference de Constantinople et la question egyptienne en 1882 , 1913, in French, IA
Thoughts on the occurrences in the year 1833 at Constantinople, between Russia and Turkey, 1834, IA
Mustafa Naima, Annals of the Turkish Empire from 1591 to 1659 of the Christian era vol.1, 1832, GB
W. Miller, The Ottoman Empire 1801-1913 (1913), IA
G. Rosen, Geschichte der Türkei von dem Siege der Reform in Jahre 1826 bis zum Pariser Frieden 1856, vols.1-2, 1866, in German, GB
Mohammed Assad-Effendi, Precis historique de la destruction du corps des janissaires par le sultan Mahmoud, en 1826, 1833, in French, GB
J. von Hammer-Purgstall, Commentatio de Byzantinae historiae ultimis scriptoribus ex historia osmanica cluaendis et corrigendis, 1825, in Latin, GB
Administration Foreign Relations A. de Miltitz, Manuel des Consuls, vol.2 pt.2 : Des Consulats a l'Etranger par les Principaux Etats de l'Europe et les Etats-Unis de l'Amerique du Nord, bk.3 : Etablissement des Consulats a l'Etranger, Section XII : Porte Ottomane, pp.1459-1498, 1839, in French, GB
Military General Wars of the Ottoman Empire : Rumelia, Anatolia, Arabia, Egypt, at WHKMLA
Hamid Bozarslan, Chronological Index : The General Ottoman and Turkish Contexts, From the Tanzimat (1838) to the Suppression of the Dersim Rebellion (1938) , from Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence
Kemal Zadeh, Histoire de la campagne de Mohacz [early 16th century], 1859, trsl. into French by A.J.P. de Courteille, GB
Muslim Heritage : Ottoman Maritime Arsenals
Militaria Medals, Orders and Decorations of the Ottoman Empire, from Turkish Medals
Ottoman-Safavid War 1532-1555 Article : Ottoman-Safavid War 1532-1555, from Wikipedia
Ottoman-Safavid War 1578-1590 Article : Ottoman-Safavid War 1578-1590, from Wikipedia
Ottoman-Safavid War 1603-1618 Article : Ottoman-Safavid War 1603-1618, from Wikipedia
Ottoman-Safavid War 1623-1639 Article : Ottoman-Safavid War 1623-1639, from Wikipedia
Russo-Ottoman War 1686-1700 Article : Russo-Turkish War 1686-1700, from Wikipedia
Russo-Ottoman War 1710-1711 Article : Pruth River Campaign, from Wikipedia
Russo-Ottoman War 1735-1739 Article : Russo-Austrian-Turkish War 1735-1739, from Wikipedia
G.A. von Halem, Lebensbeschreibung des russisch-kaiserlichen Feldmarschalls B. C. Grafen von Münnich, 1803, in German, GB
Russo-Ottoman War 1768-1774 Article : Russo-Turkish War 1768-1774, from Wikipedia
P.A. Caussin de Perceval, Precis historique de la guerre des Turcs contre les Russes : depuis l'annee 1769 jusqu'a l'annee 1774, 1822, in French, GB
L.F. Guinement de Keralio, Histoire de la derni?e guerre entre les Russes et les Turcs, vol.1, 1777, vol.2, n.d., in French, GB
Russo-Ottoman War 1787-1792 Article : Russo-Turkish War 1787-1792, from Wikipedia
F.J. Anthing, History of the campaigns of Count Alexander Suworow-Rymnikski, trsl. from the German, vol.1, 1799, vol.2, 1799, GB
Russo-Ottoman War 1806-1812 Article : Russo-Turkish War 1806-1812, from Wikipedia
Ottoman-Qajar War 1821-1823 Article : Ottoman-Persian War 1821-1823, from Wikipedia
Greek War of Independence 1821-1831 Article : Greek War of Independence, from Wikipedia
The Battle of Navarino, by an Officer Engaged, pp.177-185 in vol.1 of The United service magazine, 1829, GB
Russo-Ottoman War 1828-1829 Article : Russo-Turkish War 1828-1829, from Wikipedia
J.E. Alexander, Travels to the seat of war in the East, through Russia and the Crimea in 1829, vol.1 1830 vol.2 1830, GB
F.R. Chesney, The Russo-Turkish campaigns of 1828 and 1829, 1854, GB
Sismondi on the present Russian War with Turkey, pp.283-291, 473-474 [pagination messed of in the latter part] in vol.21 of The Oriental herald and journal of general literature, 1829, GB
Aleksandr Kleonakovich Ushakov, Geschichte der Feldzüge in der asiatischen Türkei während der Jahre 1828 und 1829, 1838, in German, GB
F.A. von Witzleben, Darstellung des russisch-türkischen Feldzugs im Jahre 1828 in Europa und Asien, vol.1, 1829, vol.2, 1831, in German, GB
A. Colombel, De la guerre d'Orient, ou Des plans d'invasion de la Russie, 1828, in French, GB
Monbrion, Des resultats de la guerre actuelle entre la Russie et la Turquie, 1829, in French, GB
G.W. Valentini, Military reflections on Turkey, 1828, GB
W. Monteith, Kars and Erzeroum: with the campaigns of Prince Paskiewitch, in 1828 and 1829, 1856, GB
Syrian War A. Jochmus, The Syrian War and the Decline of the Ottoman Empire 1840-1848 (1883), IA
Ch. Napier, The War in Syria (1842), vol.1, vol.2, posted on Internet Archive
Crimean War Crimean War Research Society
G. Dodd, Pictorial history of the Russian War: 1854-5-6, 1856, GB
Article : Crimean War, from Wikipedia; from Spartacus Schoolnet
Online Exhibition : British Battles : Crimean War, from National Archives (UK)
British History in Depth : The Crimean War, from BBC History
The Crimean War, from Victorian Web
A.W. Kinglake, The Invasion of the Crimea, 2nd ed. 1868, GB
A. Prinz, Der russisch-türkische Krieg nach brieflichen Mittheilungen und Originalberichten, vol.2, Der Feldzug des Jahres 1854, 1856, in German, GB
C. Junck, Der russisch-türkische Krieg in Europa und Asien bis auf den gegenwärtigen Standpunkt, 1854, in German, GB
Der russisch-türkische Krieg und der Kriegsschauplatz in politischer, örtlicher und militärischer Beziehung, 1854, GB
W. Rüstow, Der Krieg gegen Russland: Politisch-militärisch bearbeitet, vol.1, 1855, vol.2, 1856, in German, GB
La guerre contre la Russie, pt.1, 1854, in French, GB
L. Guerin, Histoire de la derniere guerre de Russie: 1853-56, vol.1, 1858, vol.2, 1858, in French, GB
H. Sandwith, A narrative of the siege of Kars: and of the six months' resistance by the Turkish Garrison under Colonel Williams to the Russian Army, 1856, GB
A. Slade, Turkey and the Crimean war: a narrative of historical events, 1867, GB
A. Schimmelfennig, The war between Turkey and Russia: a military sketch, 1854, GB
G. Kmety, Narrative of the defence of Kars 29th September, 1855, 1856, GB
A. Lake, Narrative of the defence of Kars, historical and military, 1857, GB
Russo-Ottoman War 1877-1878 Article : Russo-Turkish War 1877-1878, from Wikipedia
R.F. Baumann, Leadership at Plevna, 11-12 September 1877, pp.79-84 in Studies in Battlefield Command 1998, GB
World War I & Genocide Ugur Umit Ungor, Case Studies : Diyarbekir (1915-1916): Young Turk Mass Killings at the Provincial Level , from Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence
Raymond Kevorkian, Chronological Index : The Extermination of Ottoman Armenians by the Young Turk Regime (1915-1916) , from Online Encyclopedia of Mass Violence
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Turkey
Textile Workers in the Ottoman Empire 1650-1922, by Donald Quataert
Chambre de Commerce Italienne de Constantinople, Le commerce etranger et les quais de Constantinople, 1895, IA
Rowland Macdonald Stephenson, Railways in Turkey. Remarks upon the Practicability and Advantage of Railway Communication in European and Asiatic Turkey, 1859, GB
Entry : Turkey, pp.1385-1399 in Official descriptive and illustrated catalogue : Great Exhibition of the Works of Industry of All Nations, 1851, GB
Entry : Türkei, pp.20-27 in J. Hübner, Die Zolltarife aller Länder , 1866, in German, GB
Handel und Schiffahrt von Konstantinopel in 1862-1863, pt.1, pp.221-229, pt.2, pp.261-269, in Preussisches Handels-Archiv 1864 vol.2, in German, GB
Über Krappbau. Aus dem Bericht des Consuls Spiegelthal zu Smyrna an die Handelskammer zu Görlitz, pp.297-299 in vol.23 of Annalen der Landwirthschaft in den Königlich Preussischen Staaten, 1834, in German, GB
G. Carles, La Turquie Economique (1906) in French, IA
A. Martineau, Le commerce fran?is dans le Levant 1902, in French, IA
P. Masson, Histoire du commerce fran?is dans le Levant au XVIIIe si?le 1911, in French, IA
P. Masson, Histoire du commerce franc?ais dans le Levant au XVIIe sie`cle 1896, in French, IA
U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Flour and wheat trade in European countries and the Levant , 1909, IA
M. Epstein, The English Levant Company: Its Foundation and Its History to 1640 1908, IA
H.G. Rosedale, Queen Elizabeth and the Levant Company; a diplomatic and literary episode of the establishment of our trade with Turkey, 1904, IA
F.E.G. Saint-Priest, Memoires sur l'ambassade de France en Turquie et sur le commerce des Français dans le Levant 1877, in French, IA
F. Walsh, Account of the Levant Company, 1825, GB
F.V. de Forbonnais, Questions sur le commerce des François au Levant 1755, in French, GB
M. Cizakca, Tax-Farming and Resource Allocation in Past-Islamic Societies; reference to Medieval Egypt, Ottoman Empire, Mughal Empire
Ethnography Article : Armenians in the Ottoman Empire, from Wikipedia
Article : Ottoman Greeks, from Wikipedia
Article : Rise of Nationalism under the Ottoman Empire, from Wikipedia
Religion general Article : State and Religion (Ottoman Empire), from Wikipedia
The Ottoman Empire, from BBC Religion and Ethics
Article Millet (Ottoman Empire), from Wikipedia
The Church of Constantinople, pp.10-13 in M.G. Dampier, The organization of the Orthodox Eastern churches 1910, IA
Islam Article : Ottoman Persecution of Alevis, from Wikipedia
Christianity C.D. Cobham, The Patriarchs of Constantinople, 1911, IA
F.A. Belin, Histoire de la latinite de Constantinople, 1894, IA
A. Belin, Histoire de l'eglise latine de Constantinople, 1872, IA
J. Wenger, Beitr?e zur Kenntniss des gegenwärtigen Geistes und Zustandes der Griechischen Kirche in Griechenland und der Türkei, 1839, in German, GB
Judaism Structure of the Jewish Community (in the Ottoman Empire) by A. Levy
E.N. Adler, Jews in many Lands (1905), posted on Internet Archive
History of Regions see WHKMLA, History of Rumelia, Ottoman Anatolia, Ottoman Syria, Ottoman Iraq, Hejaz, Barka, Triopolitania, Fezzan
G.R. Fortescue, Russia, the Balkans and the Dardanelles (1915), posted on Internet Archive
The Dardanelles, their Story and their Significance in the Great War (1915), posted on Internet Archive
W. Forsyth, The Slavonic Provinces South of the Danube (1876), posted on Internet Archive
J.F. Fraser, Pictures from the Balkan (1906), posted on Internet Archive
Local History History of Istanbul, from Wikipedia, Ankara, from Wikipedia, History of Izmir (Smyrna), from Wikipedia, History of Trabzon (Trebizond, Trapezunt), from Wikipedia, History of Adana, from Wikipedia, History of Aleppo, from Wikipedia, History of Damascus, from Wikipedia, History of Mossul, from Wikipedia, History of Baghdad, from Wikipedia, History of Mecca, from Wikipedia, History of Jerusalem, from Wikipedia, History of Thessaloniki, from Wikipedia
G. Rolleston, Report on Smyrna (1856), posted on Internet Archive
C. Humann e.a., Smyrna (1873) in German, posted on Internet Archive
Institutions A Short History of Turkish Railways, by Trains of Turkey
Culture The Art of the Ottomans before 1600, The Greater Ottoman Empire, 1600-1800, from Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History
Ottoman Film Archive, Amsterdam, has history of film in the Ottoman Empire
Biographies
Others C. Cetinsaya, Ottoman-British Relations in Iraq and the Gulf 1890-1908 (2005)
Bondarevsky, Turning the Persian Gulf into a British Lake : British Domination of the Indian Ocean in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Century, posted on Maldives Culture
J.H. Skene, The Three Eras of Ottoman History (1851), posted on Internet Archive
N. Sari, Evolution of Attitudes toward Human Experimentation in Ottoman Turkish Medicine

WEB-BIBLIOGRAPHY . . . EXTERNALLY POSTED DOCUMENTS
Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (file named Turkey) (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel; on Turkey); List of the Ottoman Sultans and Caliphs, 1290-1924, from frisian.com
Lists of Ambassadors List of French Ambassadors to Turkey, from Wikipedia (since 1538); Liste chronologique des ambassadeurs en France depuis 1525 (en Turquie), from Ambafrance
Polscy ambasadorzy w Turcji, from Wikipedia Polish edition
Embajadores de Mexico en Turquia, from Acervo Historico Diplomatico
List of French representatives in Turkey, of Turkey in France pp.xxxvi-xl, xlii-xliii in vol.38 of F. Schoell, Cours d'histoire des etats Europeens 1833, in French, GB
Lists of Consuls Political Graveyard : Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, Iraq, Libya, Greece, incomplete lists of U.S. consuls
Lists of Patriarchs List of Ecumenical Patriarchs of Constantinople, List of Armenian Patriarchs of Constantinople, Latin Patriarchate of Constantinople, from Wikipedia
List of Greek Orthodox Patriarchs of Antioch, from Wikipedia
List of Syriac Orthodox Patriarchs of Antioch, from Wikipedia
List of Melkite Greek Catholic Patriarchs of Antioch , from Wikipedia
List of Latin Patriarchs of Antioch, from Wikipedia
List of Patriarchs of Jerusalem, from OrthodoxWiki
List of Armenian Patriarchs of Jerusalem, from Wikipedia
Latin Patriarch of Jerusalem, from Wikipedia
Anglican-German Bishopric of Jerusalem, from Wikipedia
Lists of Chief Rabbis List of Chief Rabbis of Turkey 1454-2007, from SephardicGen
Exchange Rates The Marteau Early 18th-Century Currency Converter
Documents Historical Newspapers Kranten Historisch [historical newspapers]
Historical Newspaper Articles Die vortrefflichen Denkmäler und Wahrheiten der Kunden von Ahmed Wassif Effendi usw., pt.1, Febr. 24 1806, pt.2, March 29th 1806, in Intelligenzblatt der Allgem. Literatur-Zeitung, in German
Online Yearbooks International J.Ch. Poncelin de la Roche Tilhac, Etat des Cours de l'Europe et des Provinces de France pour l'annee ... vol.1 MDCCCLXXXIV 1783 pp.183-186, vol.2 MDCCCLXXXV, 1785, pp.207-212, in French, GB
Almanacco istorico, politico, militare, scientifico, 1794, 1795, in Italian, GB
Almanach de Gotha : Turquie 1771 p.lxxx, 1771, vol.86 pp.656-662, 1849, vol.87 pp.629-635, 1850, vol.89 pp.656-674, 1852, vol.90 pp.649-666, 1853, vol.94 pp.717-733, 1857, vol.95 pp.739-754, 1858, vol.97 pp.799-809, 1860, vol.102 pp.973-988, 1865, vol.106 pp.968-987, 1869, in French, GB
Genealogisches Reichs- und Staats-Handbuch : Türkey oder Ottomannisches Reich 1798 pt.2 pp.114-118, 1799 pt.2 pp.117-121, 1800 pt.2, pp.134-138, 1802 pt.2, pp.440-443, 1803 pt.2, pp.209-212, in German, GB
Allgemeines genealogisches und Staats-Handbuch : Türkey (Osmanisches Reich), 1811, pp.50-52, in German, GB
Genealogisches Staats-Handbuch : Türkey oder Osmanisches Reich, vol.65 pp.259-266, 1827, vol.66 pp.301-309, 1835, vol.67 pp.319-327, 1839, in German, GB
Genealogisch-historisch-statistischer Almanach : Osmanischer Staat, vol.1 : 1824 pp.322-325, 1824, vol.2 : 1825 pp.322-325, 1824, vol.3 : 1826 pp.353-356, 1826, vol.8 : 1832 pp.443-450, 1831, vol.9 : 1833 pp.509-517, 1832, vol.10 : 1834 pp.520-528, 1833, vol.11 : 1834 pp.541-549, 1834, vol.12 : 1835 pp.629-637, 1835, vol.13 : 1836 pp.601-610, 1836, vol.16 : 1838/39 pp.556-566, 1839, vol.17 : 1840 pp.678-691, 1840, vol.19 : 1842 pp.695-709, 1842, vol.20 : 1843 pp.695-709, 1843, Türkei vol.23 : 1846 pp.690-701, 1846, in German, GB
Statesman's Year-Book, Entry : Turkey vol.1 1864 pp.492-515, GB, vol.2 1865 pp.488-510, GB, vol.3 1866 pp.499-517, GB, vol.4 1867 pp.488-506, GB, vol.5 1868 pp.488-506, GB, vol.6 1869 pp.488-506, GB,. 1871, pp.451-480, IA, 1872, pp.451-480, IA, 1873, pp.443-472, IA, 1874, pp.443-472, IA, 1875, pp.443-472, IA, 1876, pp.446-476, IA, 1877, pp.449-482, IA, 1878, pp.457-482, IA, 1879, pp.457-483, IA, 1880, pp.457-483, IA, 1881, pp.457-483, IA, 1882, pp.457-483, BL, 1883, pp.457-483, IA, 1884, pp.482-505, IA, 1885, pp.490-519, IA, 1886, pp.501-531, IA, 1887, pp.518-549, IA, 1888, pp.521-551, IA, 1889, pp.527-555, IA, 1890, pp.993-1034, IA, 1891, pp.998-1041, IA, 1892, pp.1009-1056, IA, 1894, pp.1011-1058, IA, 1895, pp.1011-1058, IA, 1896, pp.1012-1060, IA, 1898, pp.1012-1062, IA, 1899, pp.1074-1140, IA, 1903, pp.1157-1214, IA, 1913, pp.1302-1348, IA
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
General
Systematic Collections
Specialist
Accidental Collections Category : Historical Images of Turkey, Historical Images of Syria, from Wikimedia Commons
Oriental Collections
Items on Ottoman Empire
Turkey, from Images of Asia
Historical Maps collections Category : Maps of the Ottoman Empire, Wikimedia Commons
Jewish Virtual Library, Ottoman Empire Maps
Haghia Sophia E-Museum, Ottoman Empire Maps
Mohammad al Kurbi Collection of Maps and Prints
Search David Rumsey Map Collection for Arabia
Ottoman Empire, hindsight Naqshbandi, Expansion, Decline of the Ottoman Empire
Unimaps, Map of the Middle East, 1914
Maps : Europe in the Year 1300, 1400, 1500, 1600, 1700, 1800, 1900, 2000, from Euratlas
Ottoman Empire, contemporary Pinkerton 1818 : Turkey in Asia, Wikimedia Commons
Mitchell 1850 : Turkey in Asia, Wikimedia Commons
Turkey 1888, Turkey in Asia 1898, Turkey in Europe 1890, 1896, 1898, 1899, 1904, 1905, 1906, 1911, Probert Encyclopedia
detail for detail maps, see Ottoman Anatolia, Ottoman Syria, Rumelia
Archival Deposits U.S. National Archives Pertaining to Turkey 1800-1944 , posted by U.S. Embassy in Turkey
Search National Archives, UK for Turkey
Inventaris van het archief van de Legatie in Turkije, 1668-1810 (1811), from Nationaalarchief
Constitutions, Laws F. Ongley, The Ottoman Land Code (1892), posted on Internet Archive
Offoman Fermans, posted by the Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Ottoman Empire, Laws of constitutional character, from Verfassungen.eu, in German
Search Prassi Italiana di Dirito Internazionale, Indice delle leggi e degli altri atti normativi, for Ottomano, Turchia, Turco, 76/260/111 entries, in Italian
Treaties General Treaty Collections
Bilateral Treaty Collections Th.E. Holland (ed.), The European Concert in the Eastern Question: A Collection of Treaties and .. (1885), posted on Internet Archive
Treaties Between Turkey and Foreign Powers. 1535-1855 (1855), posted on Internet Archive
I. de Testa, Recueil des traites de la Porte Ottomane avec les puissances etrangerres depuis le premier traite conclu, en 1536, entre Suleyman I et François I, jusqu'a nos jours, vol.1 (1864), vol.2 (1864), vol.3 (1864), vol.4 (1864), vol.5 (1864), vol.6 (1864), vol.7 (1864), vol.8 (1864), vol.9 (1864), vol.10 (1864), vol.11 (1864), posted on Internet Archive
Traite de Commerce conclu avec la Turquie le 28 Avril 1861, pp.140-161 in D.A.P. Boiteau, Les traite de commerce, 1863, in French, GB
Treaties between Great Britain and Turkey, pp.296-313 in vol.4 of J. Chitty, A treatise on the laws of commerce and manufactures 1824, GB
Ottoman Empire, pp.619-644 in vol.10 of Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America 1776-1949, 1972, GB
Türkei, pp.243-256 in Johann Vesque von Püttlingen, Uebersicht der Verträge Oesterreichs mit den auswärtigen Staaten, 1854, in German, GB
Porte Ottomane, p.140 in vol.1 of Table des traites entre la France et les puissances etrangeres, depuis la paix de Westphalie jusqu'a nos jours, 1802, GB
Document Collections Documents and Comments on the History of the Ottoman Empire, in English / English translation, posted on Royals Portal
Foreign Office (British) : Further Correspondence Respecting the Affairs of Turkey (1878), posted on Internet Archive; Foreign Office (British) : Despatch from his Majesty's Ambassador at Constantinople Summarizing Events that Lead to the Rupture of Relations with Turkey, and Reply Thereto (1914), posted on Internet Archive; Arnold Toynbee, Foreign Office (British) : The Treatment of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire (1916), posted on Internet Archive; Foreign Office (British) : Peace Handbooks (1919-1920), posted on Internet Archive; . 10. Mohammedanism : Turkey in Asia (I), no. 57-60; 162.--v. 11. Turkey in Asia (II), no. 61-66
Ch.11 Par.11 : Turcarum Imperium, pp.263-269 in B.G. Struve, Selecta bibliotheca historica, 1705, in Latin, GB ; a catalogue of narrative historical sources
Negociations de la France dans le Levant; ou, Correspondances, m?oires et actes diplomatiques des ambassadeurs de France a Constantinople et des ambassadeurs, envoyes ou residents a divers titres a Venise, Raguse, Rome, Malte et Jerusalem, en Turquie, Perse, Georgie, Crimee, Syrie, Egypte, etc., et dans les etats de Tunis, d'Alger et de Maroc, vol.1 : 1515-1546, 1848, GB, vol.2 : 1547-1566, 1850, IA, GB, vol.3 : 1567-1580, 1853, IA, GB vol.4 : 1581-1589, 1860, IA, GB
Historical Maps entire country, hindsight/modern WHKMLA Historical Atlas, Ottoman Empire, Rumelia, Ottoman Anatolia pages
entire country, contemporary Ottoman Empire 1400, 1500, 1600, 1700, 1800, 1900, from euratlas
Dismemberment of the Ottoman Empire 1683-1923 (W. Shepherd 1926), posted by PCL, UTexas
detail, hindsight/modern
detail, contemporary City Panoramas 19th Century, from Historic Maps, Konstantinopel 1830
Discus Media : Istanbul Maps, Turkey City and Town Maps
Historical
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles : Banks : Turkish Banks, p.578, in vol.2, 1859, of The New American Cyclopaedia, GB
Articles Ottoman Empire, Rumelia, Anatolia, Turkey, Constantinople, Angora, Smyrna, Trebizond, Adrianople, Salonica, Mosul, Aleppo, Baghdad, Jerusalem, Mecca, Hejaz, Syria, Palestine from EB 1911
Article Türkisches Reich, Konstantinopel, Rumelien, Anatolien, Smyrna, Angora, Adana, Trapezunt, Aleppo, Damaskus, Mosul, Bagdad, Mekka, Jerusalem (das jetzige), Syrien, Mesopotamien, in : Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892 edition, in German
Article Türckey, from Zedlers Universallexikon (1732), posted by Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, in German, 18th century font
Religious Articles Turkish Empire, Constantinople, Smyrna, Angora, Trebizond, Adana, from Catholic Encyclopedia
Article Turkey, from Jewish Encyclopedia
Das Osmanische Reich in Europa, Asien und Afrika, pp.586-637 in vol.2 of C.Fr. Staeudlin, Kirchliche Geographie u. Statistik, 1804, in German, GB
Economic J. Chr. Nelckenbrecher, Taschenbuch eines Banquiers und Kaufmanns enthaltend eine Erklärung aller ein- und ausländischen Münzen ..., Berlin : Wever 1769, in German, entries Constantinopel, posted by DTBSWS
Of the Trade carried on by Great Britain with Turkey and Barbary, pp.534-538 in Lex Mercatoria 1773, GB
Turquie, pp.260-263 in vol.2 of S. Ricard, Traite general du commerce, 1781, in French, GB
The Levant, pp.644-699 in : C.W. Rördansz, European Commerce, or Complete Mercantile Guide to the Continent of Europe, 1818
Entry : Asiatische Türkei, pp.583-585 in vol.3 of Leipziger Handwörterbuch der Handlungs-, Comptoir- und Waarenkunde, 1819, in German, GB
J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Constantinopel, posted by DTBSWS
Gülich, Gustav von, Geschichtliche Darstellung des Handels, der Gewerbe und des Ackerbaus der bedeutenden handeltreibenden Staaten unserer Zeit (Historical Description of Trade, Industry and Agriculture of the Important Trading States of Our Time), Jena : Frommann 6 vol.s 1830-1845, chapter : Türkei, vol.4 1844 pp.167-173, in German, posted by DTBSWS
Ottoman Empire, pp.1-185 in vol.2 of J. McGregor, Commercial Statistics. A Digest of the Productive Resources, Commercial Legislation, Customs Tariffs, Navigation, Port and Quarantine Laws, and Charges, Shipping, Imports and Exports and the Monies, Weights and Measures of all Nations, 1844, GB
Türkei, pp.479-480 in A. Moser, Die Capitalanlage in Werthpapieren der Staaten, Creditvereine und Actiengesellschaften des In- und Auslandes, 1862, in German, GB
Ottomar Haupt, Währungs-Politik und Münz-Statistik, Berlin : Walther & Apolant 1884, in German, posted by DTBSWS, chapter Türkei
W.H. Weed, The Copper Mines of the World 1907, Turkey p.127
Political Encyclopedias Le Ceremonial de la Porte Ottomane, pp.672-727 in vol.2 of J.R. de Missy, Le Ceremonial diplomatique des cours de l' Europe, 1739, in French, GB
Gouvernement des Turcs, pp.738-763 in vol.2 of G. de Real de Curbon, La science du gouvernement, 1762, in French, GB
Geographical
Ethnographical Empire de Turquie, pp.147-156 in X. Heuschling, Manual de statistique ethnographique universelle, 1847, in French, GB
Historical De Imperio Turcico, pp.412-436 in J.C. Becmann, Historia Orbis Terrarum Geographica 1673, in Latin, GB
The Present State of the Turkish Empire, pp.411-600, in vol.1 of Th. Salmon, Modern History or the Present State of All Nations, 1744, GB
History of the Ottoman Empire, in : Modern Part of an Universal History vol.12, 1759, vol.13, 1759, pp.1-122, GB
l'Histoire de l'Empire Ottoman, in : Histoire universelle, depuis le commencement du monde jusqu'a present, Histoire Moderne vol.19, 1783, vol.20, 1783, vol.21 pp.1-242, in French, GB
L'Empire des Turcs en Europe, pp.53-55 in Adrien M. de Verdy du Vernois, Manuel chronologique et genealogique des dynasties souveraines de l'Europe, 1797, in French, GB
Osmanisches Reich pp.197-241 in vol.2 of the 1st edition of L.T. von Spittler, Entwurf der Geschichte der europäischen Staaten, 1794, in German, GB
Osmanisches Reich pp.254-305 in vol.2 of the 2nd edition of L.T. von Spittler, Entwurf der Geschichte der europäischen Staaten, 1807, in German, GB
Osmanisches Reich, pp.310-374 in vol.2 of the 3rd edition of L.T. von Spittler, Entwurf der Geschichte der europäischen Staaten, 1823, in German, GB
Asien der Türken, vol.5 pp.23-27, 1806, Afrika der Türken, vol.6 pp.283-284, 1817, in : J.G. Eichhorn, Geschichte der letzten drey Jahrhunderte, in German, GB
Histoire de l'empire ottoman, depuis 1618 jusqu'en 1718, pp.334-400 [on 1618-1718] in vol.32 of Maximilian-Samson-Friedrich Schöll, Cours d'histoire des Etats Europeens, depuis le bouleversement de l'empire romain d'Occident jusqu'en 1789, 1832, in French, GB
The History of the Turkish Empire, pp.95-118, Turkey, or the Ottoman Empire pp.118-122, Grecian and Ottoman Empire pp.122-152, Ottoman Empire pp.153-156, The History of the Ottoman Empire continued, pp.196-284, in : D. Browne, A General history of the several nations of the world, 1751, GB
Ottoman Empire pp.312-318, in vol.2 of S. Maunder, The history of the world: comprising a general history, 1856, GB
Other Article : Türkische Eisenbahnen, from Röll, Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens (Encyclopedia of Railroads) 2nd ed. 1912-1923, in German
Parliamentary Debates
Tour Guides, Travelogues D. Coufopolis, A Guide to Constantinopolis, 1895, IA
F. Lacroix, Guide du voyageur a Constantinople et dans ses environs , 1839, in French, IA
John Murray, A hand-book for travellers in the Ionian Islands, Greece, Turkey, Asia Minor, and Constantinople 1845 ed., 1854 ed., IA
Exhibition Catalogues Turkey, pp.1385-1399 in vol.3 of Official descriptive and illustrated catalogue, Great Exhibition of 1851, 1851
Exposition Universelle Paris 1855, Catalogue Officiel, 1855, IA, Empire Ottomane participating
Turkey, pp.418-428, from Official catalogue of the industrial department, London Exhibition 1862, GB
International Exhibition 1876, Official Catalogue vol.1, vol.2, Turkey represented; IA
Institutions Archives Ottoman Archives (site in Turkish; see Wikipedia Article
Ottoman History : Libraries and Archives in Ankara, from Bilkent University
Ottoman Labour History Archive (online)
Ottoman Film Archive, Amsterdam
Musea Ottoman Bank Museum
Monuments Topkapi Palace, Hagia Sophia
Libraries
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag of the Ottoman Empire, from FOTW
Coins, Banknotes Ottoman banknotes and coins, from Ottoman Souvenirs
Ottoman Empire/Turkey, from Encyclopedia of Small Silver Coins
Ottoman Coins, a First Guide, from Forum Ancient Coins
Ottoman Empire Coins & Banknotes; has identification list for Ottoman mints; articles on Ottoman coins
Stamps Ottoman and Near East Philatelic Society
Others

PRINTED REFERENCE
Bibliographies general Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies) (site in German, most titles listed in English; numerous entries; publications mostly since 1970)
RHS Bibliography
UK National Archive Online Library
on the Ottoman Empire Online Publications on the History of Turkish Architecture, posted by ArchNet
Selected Works on the Ottoman Empire, from Atatürk Institute for Modern Turkish History
Turkey and the Ottoman Turkish Empire, Bibliography from Mideast Web
Bibliography Economic History of the Ottoman Empire, from UConn
Cyprus Bibliography : Ottoman Rule 1571-1878, from kypros.org
Tulumba (Store selling Books, Movies in Turkey / in Turkish)
Foundation for Middle East and Balkan Studies, publications
King Bulan's Turkic Bookstore
Journal of Modern Turkish Studies, Ankara 2004-
Publications of Orient-Institut Istanbul : ITS, Pera Blätter
Selected Works on the Ottoman Empire, from The Atatürk Institute for Modern Turkish History
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
e-corpus
on the Ottoman Empire
Online Journals full text online
Table of Contents
Online
General Accounts Jason Goodwin, Lords of the Horizons : A History of the Ottoman Empire, Henry Holt 1999, KMLA Lib.Sign. 956.1 G656l
Peter Mansfield, The Ottoman Empire and its Successors, London : MacMillan (1973) 1976 [G]
Norman Itzkowitz, Ottoman Empire and Islamic Tradition, Chicago UP 1972 [G]
Colin Imber, The Ottoman Empire 1300-1650, The tructure of Power, London : Palgrave MacMillan 2002 [G]
Charles Swallow, The Sick Man of Europe. Ottoman Empire to Turkish Republic 1789-1923, London : Ernest Benn 1973 [G]
Specific Topics Gabor Agoston, Guns for the Sultan. Military Power and the Weapons Industry in the Ottoman Empire, Cambridge : UP 2005, KMLA Lib.Sign. 338.4 A275g
Edward J. Erickson, Ottoman Army Effectiveness in World War I, a comparative study, London : Routledge 2007 KMLA Lib. Call Sign 940.4 E68c
Andre Gerolymatos, The Balkan Wars. Conquest, Revolution and Retribution from the Ottoman Era to the Twentieth Century and Beyond, NY : Basic Books 2002
A.N. Kurat, The Ottoman Empire under Mehmed IV., ch.21 / pp.500-518 in The New Cambridge Modern History vol.V : The Ascendancy of France 1648-1688, Cambridge UP 1964 [G]
A.N. Kurat, The Retreat of the Turks, 1683-1730, ch.19 / pp.608-647 in The New Cambridge Modern History vol.VI : The Rise of Great Britain and Russia 1688-1725, Cambridge UP 1970 [G]
W.N. Medlicott, Austria-Hungary, Turkey and the Balkans, pp.323-351 in F.H. Hinsley, The New Cambridge History, vol.XI : Material Progress and World-wide Problems 1870-1898, Cambridge : UP (1962) 1978 [G]
Social History Justin McCarthy, Death and Exile. The Ethnic Cleansing of Ottoman Muslims, 1821-1922, Princeton, NJ : Darwin Press 1995 [G]
Raphaela Lewis, Everyday Life in Ottoman Turkey, NY : Dorset Press 1971 [G]
Economic History Halil Inalcik, An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire, Vol.I : 1300-1600, Cambridge : UP 1994, KMLA Lib.Sign. 956.1015 135e v.1
Halil Inalcik and Donald Quataert (ed.), An Economic and Social History of the Ottoman Empire, Vol.2 : 1600-1914, Cambridge : UP 1994, KMLA Lib.Sign. 956.1015 135e v.2
Regional History Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, Vol.28, pp.920-972 Article Turkey and Ancient Anatolia. KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862h v.28
Bernard Lewis, The Emergence of Modern Turkey, Oxford : University Press (1961) 2nd edition 1968, KMLA Lib.Sign. 956.1 L673t
Douglas A. Howard, The History of Turkey, Greenwood 2001, 272 pages; KMLA Lib.Sign. 956.1 H848h (focusses on Anatolia)
Rossitsa Gradeva (ed.), Rumeli under the Ottomans, 15th to 18th Centuries. Institutions and Communities. Istanbul : Isis Press 2004 [G]
History of Religion Stephen Runciman, The Great Church in Captivity, Cambridge : UP (1968) 2008 [G]
Local History John Freely, Istanbul, the Imperial City. London : Penguin 1996; KMLA Lib.Sign. 949.618 F854i
Mark Mazower, Salonica. City of Ghosts. Christians,Muslims and Jews 1430-1950, NY : Alfred A. Knopf 2006, KMLA Lib.Sign. 949.565 M476s
Primary Sources