Ottoman Rule

Bosnia under Ottoman Rule, 1660-1789

In 1683 the Ottoman Turks laid siege to Vienna for the second time; the siege was broken in the BATTLE OF KAHLENBERG and in the subsequent years the Turks were driven out of Hungary. In the TREATY OF CARLOVITZ 1699, the Ottoman Empire had to cede Hungary except the Banat, Transylvania, Slavonia and the occupied parts of Dalmatia, to Austria respectively to Venice. Bosnia was borderland, it's protector "the Sick man of the Bosphorus/of Europe".
In 1718, the Austrians won another war, and the Ottoman Empire had to cede Little Valachia, the Banat, Serbia and the southern bank of the Sava - a small strip of Bosnia containing it's most fertile land. In 1739, the Ottoman Empire regained these territories except the Banat. It was to hold on to Bosnia-Hercegovina until 1878.

Bosnia differed from many other European provinces of the Ottoman Empire as it had a strong Muslim community, though etnically Serb-Croat, which identified with the Ottoman Empire.
Meanwhile, the Serb Orthodox and Catholic communities had been separated from the Greek Orthodox community, established as distinct millets. While Bosnia-Hercegovina had not been affected by the Reformation, it was affected by the Counterreformation; Franciscans preached to reinvigorate Catholicism of the Tridentine kind.

History of Bosnia-Hercegovina, by Andreas Riedlmayer, from Bosnian Embassy, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1914 edition, by Tyler Osgood, until 1800
Sarajevo over the centuries, from the Bosnia Page
Links to Bosnian history, from Caltech
REFERENCE Fred Singleton, A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples, Cambridge University Press (1985) 1999

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2002, last revised on November 7th 2004

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