Bukovina 1815-1849 Bukovina in WW I






Bukovina 1849-1914



After the revolutionary events of 1848-1849, the Bukovina was proclaimed a separate DUCHY, and administrated from Vienna. The administration continued to encourage immigration; in 1900 the population numbered a little less than 800,000, about 8 times the figure of 1778.
In 1860 the Viennese administration attempted to reunite the Bukovina with GALICIA; the Bukovinians resented this step, and the region's status remained that of a separate crown land. In 1861 a 31-member LANDTAG (diet) was introduced. Represented were the churches, owners of landed estates, cities (Czernowitz, Radautz, Sereth, Suczawa), chambers of commerce, rural districts. The population of the Bukovina grew from 371,131 in 1846 and 456,920 in 1850 to 571,671 in 1880.
In 1854, Czernowitz was linked with Vienna by telegraph, in 1866 it was linked with Lemberg by railroad. In 1875, the FRANZ-JOSEFS-UNIVERSITÄT was founded; lectures were held in German, which also was the country's language of administration, jurisdiction and education. The Czernowitz national theater was opened in 1905.
While many of the Bukovina "high society" were ethnic Germans, Jews (over 3 %) or Poles, most of the ethnic Ruthenians (Ukrainians, c. 40 % of the population) and Moldavians (Romanians, c. 35 %) were simple peasants or workers. The differences in lifestyles were considerable.


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EXTERNAL
LINKS
Bucovina, from the Jewish Web Index
Bukovina Info, a number of articles in German, on historical topics; many philatelic
History of the Bukovina, from 4th Moon
Bukovina Chronology in the Context of European History, by Sophie A. Welisch
History of Chernivtsi (Czernowitz), from komkon.org
Article Bukovina, from Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1911 edition
History of the Jews in the Bukovina (Hugo Gold, Geschichte der Juden in der Bukovina), posted in Engl. trsl. by the Yizkor Project
DOCUMENTS Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
World Rulers : Bukovina, by B. Cahoon
REFERENCE Erich Prokopowitsch, Die Rumänische Nationalbewegung in der Bukowina und der Dako-Romanismus (The Romanian National Movement in the Bukowina and Daco-Romanism), Köln : Böhlau 1965, in German


This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on August 19th 2002, last revised on November 8th 2004

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