Bukovina 1849-1914 Bukovina since 1919






Bukovina in World War I



Early in World War I, the Russian Army quickly occupied, or liberated, much of Galicia and all of the Bukovina. In the course of 1915 the Bukovina was retaken by Austrian troops. In 1916 the Russian Army launched another offensive; when Romania entered the war on the side of the Entente in August 1916, most of the Bukovina again was occupied by the Russians. In summer 1917, an Austrian offensive retook eastern Galicia and the Bukovina; Russian resistance crumbled.
The dissolution of Austria-Hungary began in October 1918. The Ruthenian population of the Northern Bukovina opted for integration into the new Ukrainian state; the Moldavian population of Southern Bukovina, as well as the Bukovina's German community, opted for integration into Romania. The entire Bukovina was annexed by Romania (TREATY OF ST. GERMAIN).



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EXTERNAL
LINKS
Bucovina, from the Jewish Web Index
Bukovina Info, a number of articles in German, on historical topics; many philatelic
History of the Bukovina, from 4th Moon
Bukovina Chronology in the Context of European History, by Sophie A. Welisch
History of Chernivtsi (Czernowitz), from komkon.org
Article Bukovina, from Encyclopaedia Britannica, 1911 edition
DOCUMENTS Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
World Rulers : Bukovina, by B. Cahoon
REFERENCE Article : Bukowina, in : New International Year Book 1916 p.104, 1918 p.101 [G]


This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on August 19th 2002, last revised on March 8th 2007

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