893-1018 1185-1393

Bulgaria part of the Byzantine Empire, 1018-1185

In 1018 the Bulgarian Khanate was annexed by the Byzantines. A major Bulgarian revolt erupted in 1040 under PETER DELYAN; it was suppressed.
The Bulgarians suffered from the monetarization of the economy - they had to pay taxes rather than produce. The Bulgarian church was largely responsible for preserving Bulgarian identity through the centuries of Byzantine rule.
The First (1096) and Second Crusade (1147) passed through Bulgaria; the crusaders regarded the Bulgarians as heretics and caused considerable damage.
In 1185 the Bulgarians, after having been exposed to excessive taxation, rose in rebellion; the Bulgarian Empire was reestablished.

Library of Congress, Country Studies : Bulgaria
Bulgarian History Timeline, from timelines.ws
The Church of Imperial Byzantium
L.P. Brockett, The Bogomils of Bulgaria and Bosnia, 1879
Bulgaria's Relation with Byzantium, by Dimiter Markovski
DOCUMENTS Historical maps of the Balkans, from Perry Castaneda Library, UTexas
REFERENCE R.J. Crampton, A Concise History of Bulgaria, Cambridge Concise Histories 1997, KMLA Lib.Sign. 949.7 C889a
Article : Bulgaria, pp.623-636, in : Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia vol.14, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862n v.14
Raymond Detrez, Historical Dictionary of Bulgaria, Lanham Md. : Scarecrow 2006, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 949.9003 D 483h

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on November 7th 2004

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