Crete 1832-1897

During the Greek Rebellion (1822-1832) Crete was awarded to Mehmed Ali, Kehdive of Egypt, for his services in suppressing the revolt; in 1841 he returned the island to Ottoman administration.
Crete (in Greek : Kriti, in Turkish Kirid, in Italian : Candia) formed a separate Vilayet within the Ottoman Empire. In 1863 to 1865 Crete suffered a series of poor harvests. In 1866-1869 the Cretans rebelled. In 1867 a tax reduction was promised, which caused support for the rebels to decrease; in 1869 the rebellion was suppressed. In 1873 the population was estimated at 275,253, of whom 234,213 Christians, 37,840 Muslims (almost exclusively Greek-speaking descendants of Christian renegades), 3,200 Jews (Meyers). Crete ecclesiastically was administrated by 15 bishops.

Hania, from interkriti.org
The Cretan Question, by William Yale (1958), posted by Tughranet
DOCUMENTS Governors of Crete, from World Statesmen : Greece by Ben Cahoon, scroll down for Crete
Article Candia, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1908 edition
Kreta (Crete), P.1, P.2, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1888-1890 edition, in German
Ottoman Campaign Medals, see Crete 1869, 1890
REFERENCE Richard Clogg, A Concise History of Greece, 1992
Molly Greene, A Shared World. Christians and Muslims in the Early Modern Mediterranean (i.e. Crete), Princeton : UP 2000 [G]

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First posted on March 2nd 2004, last revised on June 21st 2005

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