The Croats, until 614 802-1102

Croatia 802-1102


The Croats migrated into what is Croatia today in 610-641, as part of the expanding Avar kingdom. The BLACK CROATS who settled in northeastern Bohemia are believed to be a branch of the Croats which broke off during this migration.
At the time of their arrival, the Croats were pagans. As pockets of Latin christian population survived in the coastal cities of Zara, Split and Ragusa and on some of the Adriatic islands, they were exposed to christian culture and religion. Mission among the Croats began in 640, an archbishopric created at SALONA (= Spalato/Split) and a bishopric was established at NIN (Nona). The Croats were far from a strong political unit; three distinct areas are documented - the WHITE CROATS in Dalmatia, the RED CROATS in modern Montenegro and the PANNONIAN CROATS along the Sava.
The Croats lived in a subsistence economy; trade was rudimentary. Since the decline of Avar power (after 627) the coastal regions nominally were under Byzantine suzerainty. The vast majority of the Croats, during this period, remained pagan.

Croatia, History of, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1914 edition, from Discover Croatia, from , from, illustrated
Dalmatia, History of, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1914 edition
Agram (i.e. Zagreb); Spalato-Macarska (Salona) from Catholic Encyclopedia 1914 edition
Yugoslavia, from Library of Congress, Country Studies
REFERENCE Fred Singleton, A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples, Cambridge University Press (1985) 1999
Ivo Goldstein, Croatia - a History, (1999) McGill-Queen's UP 2001

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on November 7th 2004

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