1848-1883 1914-1920






Dalmatia 1883-1914



In 1883 the Dalmatian Diet adopted Croatian as the official language. In the 1890es the Croatian wine industry suffered from cheap Italian imports, worsening the general economic situation and further contributing to an already high emigration rate; Goldtein p.97 refers to Dalmatia as one of Europe's principal emigration regions.
From 1903 onward, Croatian Dalmatian patriots cooperated with their counterparts from Croatia-Slavonia; in 1905 the Resolution of Rijeka was jointly adopted, while Serb politicians from both territories adopted the Resolution of Zadar the same year. The Croat parties adopted the New Course, aiming at integration into Croatia-Slavonia (-Dalmatia). Demonstrations of Italo-Dalmatians resulted in the interruption of Italo-Dalmatian and Croatian-Dalmatian cooperation. In 1906 the Viennese administration managed to terminate the New Course policy, drawing away support by offering conditional economic aid.
In regard to education, transportation and social reform, Dalmatia was a remote, backward, seemingly forgotten province of the K.u.K. monarchy, a sleeping beauty - "the most neglected country under Austrian rule" (Catholic Encyclopedia 1908). In 1880 the population numbered 476,101 (Meyers), in 1908 the population was about 600,000, of whom 520,000 were Catholics and 80,000 Serb Orthodox. One reform which had been implemented was the introduction of a civil marriage law in 1867.






EXTERNAL
FILES
Chronology of Dubrovnik, by Josip Lucic
Split, History of, from dalmacija.net
DOCUMENTS The Zadar Resolution, 1905, from Habsburg Web
Josip Smodlaka on Conditions in Dalmatia, 1910, from Habsburg Web
Article Dalmatia from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1908 edition
Article Dalmatien, P.1, P.2, P.3, P.4, P.5, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1888-1890 edition, in German
REFERENCE Fred Singleton, A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples, Cambridge University Press (1985) 1999
Giuseppe Praga, History of Dalmatia, Pisa : Giardini 1993
Ivo Goldstein, Croatia - a History, (1999) McGill-Queen's UP 2001


This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on November 7th 2004

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