1912-1918 1941-1944

Macedonia 1918-1941

What is the Republic of Macedonia (F.Y.R.O.M.) today was annexed by Serbia in 1912/1913, in the course of the First and Second Balkan Wars. When the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (SHS) was proclaimed on Dec. 1st 1918, Macedonia was not mentioned, the Macedonians regarded part of the Serbian nation. Within SHS, Macedonia did not exist as an administrative unit.
In 1929, the country was renamed into the Kingdom of Yugoslavia, and an administrative reform created Banovinates, the Yugoslav pendant to France's departements. The Vardar Banovinate, with capital Skopje, included all of modern Macedonia, as well s parts of Kosovo and southern Serbia.

Bulgarian extremists regarded Vardar Macedonia as Bulgarian territory and, in the 1920es, conducted a series of terrorist acts, the most notable of which was the assassination of Bulgarian PM Alexander Stamboliiski in 1923.
In 1928, Skopje Airport was opened.

Timeline, from BBC News
History of the Republic of Macedonia, from Wikipedia
The Republic of Macedonia - From a Member State of the Yugoslav Federation to a Sovereign and Independent State, from Council for Research into South-Eastern Europe of the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts (1993)
History, from Skopje Airport
Article Vardar Banovina, from Wikipedia
Article History of Skopje, from Wikipedia
REFERENCE Fred Singleton, A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples, Cambridge University Press (1985) 1999
Hugh Poulton, Macedonians and Albanians as Yugoslavs, pp.115-135 in : Dejan Djokic (ed.), Yugoslavism. Histories of a Failed Idea, University of Wisconsin Press 2003, KMLA Lib.Sign. 949.7103 D626y
Stephen Clissold (ed.), A Short History of Yugoslavia, Cambridge : UP 1968 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted October 16th 2006

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