1941-1944 1980-1991

Macedonia 1944-1980

Liberated during the fall of 1944, the Democratic Republic of Macedonia, as part of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, was proclaimed; in 1945 it adopted the name People's Republic of Macedonia. The constitution of 1963 changed the name to Socialist Republic of Macedonia.
During the Greek Civil War, Yugoslav Macedonia functioned as a base for Greek Communists; the country saw the influx of refugees. Briefly, Stalin and Tito contemplated the concept of a larger Yugoslavia, including Bulgaria. This concept was of considerable importance for Macedonia, as the Bulgarian claim on Macedonia had negatively ffected Serbo-Bulgarian, later Yugoslav-Bulgarian reltions for decades. When US-Yugoslav relations improved, Soviet-Yugoslav relations deteriorated in the early 1950es, the vision of a greater Yugoslavia became unrealistic.
Thus relations with Greece improved (the Greek Civil War had ended), those with Bulgaria and Albania deteriorated.
Skopje was chosen as the capital of Macedonia. In 1963 the city was struck by an earthquake. The St. Cyril and Methodius University at Skopje was established in 1949. A regular flight service connecting Skopje with Belgrade was opened in 1946; in 1951 one connecting Skopje with Thessaloniki. Radio broadcasting began in 1944, television broadcasting in 1964.

Timeline, from BBC News
History of the Republic of Macedonia, from Wikipedia
The Republic of Macedonia - From a Member State of the Yugoslav Federation to a Sovereign and Independent State, from Council for Research into South-Eastern Europe of the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts (1993)
Article Macedonian Radio-Television, from Wikipedia
The Establishment of the Macedonian State during the Second World War, from Reality Macedonia
REFERENCE Fred Singleton, A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples, Cambridge University Press (1985) 1999
Hugh Poulton, Macedonians and Albanians as Yugoslavs, pp.115-135 in : Dejan Djokic (ed.), Yugoslavism. Histories of a Failed Idea, University of Wisconsin Press 2003, KMLA Lib.Sign. 949.7103 D626y
Stephen Clissold (ed.), A Short History of Yugoslavia, Cambridge : UP 1968 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted October 16th 2006

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