Montenegro
1660-1782
1851-1878






Montenegro 1782-1851


The Petrovic Dynasty continued to occupy the Vladika's (Prince-bishop's) position and thus to rule Montenegro until 1851.
After the defeat in the BATTLE OF KAHLENBERG, the Ottoman Empire had become the Sick Man of Europe, however an opponent tiny Montenegro had to constantly beware of, as the Turkish raid of 1785 all too painfully had proven. Again and again, Montenegrins inflicted defeats on invading Turkish forces (1796).
From 1816 onward, the Ottoman Empire enforced an economic blockade on Montenegro, closing it's markets to the Montenegrins, which resulted in Montenegrin emigration to Russia and Serbia.
In 1798, Montenegrin law was codified for the first time. Vladika Peter I. was sainted by his successor, Peter II. (1830-1851). Peter II. in 1832 reformed the government, creating a SENATE, an administration (Guardia) and a police force. In 1833 the Sultan offered the Vladika the administration over Skoder and other adjacent regions, in exchange for the recognition of Ottoman sovereignty, with Montenregrin autonomy, an offer which was refused. Another Ottoman invasion was defeated by the Montenegrins in 1833, more in 1839 and 1850. In 1833 the BILJARDA was built in Cetinje, the house where the senate would meet.






EXTERNAL
LINKS
History of Montenegro : Montenegro under the Vladikas, 1516-1697, from Montenet
Cetinje Monastery, from Montenegro.org
Links to Montenegrin history, from Studyweb
Petar I Petrovic (St. Peter of Cetinje), 1782-1830, Petar II Petrovic Njegos, 1830-1851
DOCUMENTS
REFERENCE Fred Singleton, A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples, Cambridge University Press (1985) 1999


This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on November 8th 2004

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