Montenegro 1878-1914

In 1880 the port city of Bar, assigned to Montenegro at the Berlin Congress of 1878, was finally handed over by Ottoman authorities, ending Montenegro's century-old landlocked status.
In 1879, a constitutional reform abolished the senate, replacing it by a State Council and High Court. A new law code was passed in 1888. In 1905, the first written constitution was adopted. In 1910, the country was declared a kingdom. The announcement that the kingdom henceforth was to be called Zeta (1910) was of little impact.
The country was modernized, a railway line built, a postal service introduced (1874) etc.
In 1913 Montenegro introduced registration of motor vehicles.

History of Montenegro : Nicholas from Montenet, Yugoslav perspective
Links to Montenegrin history, from Studyweb
Aleksandar Rakovic, State Symbols of Montenegro
King Nikola, from
DOCUMENTS Alfred Lord Tennyson, Montenegro, from Modern History Sourcebook
Montenegrin banknotes of 1914, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Map : Expansion of Montenegro, 1859-1913, from A Brief Historical Atlas of Albania-One-Nation-All
Map : Military zones occupied by Balkans Armies in April 1913, from A Brief Historical Atlas of Albania-One-Nation-All
Montenegro, Montenegro, Geschichte von (Montenegro, History of), from Meyers Konversationslexikon, 1888-1890 edition, in German
Montenegro en de Montenegrijnen (Montenegro and the Montenegrinians), from Ons Volk Ontwaakt, Dutch language magazine article published in 1913
REFERENCE Fred Singleton, A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples, Cambridge University Press (1985) 1999
Article : Montenegro, in : Statesman's Year Book 1895 pp.749-752, 1898 pp.749-753, 1901 pp.845-850, 1905 pp.917-922, 1910 pp.1013-1017 [G]
Article : Montenegro, in : International Year Book 1898 pp.527-528, 1899 p,551, 1900 p.614 [G]
Article : Montenegro, in : New International Year Book 1907 p.514-515, 1908 p.464, 1909 pp.478-479, 1913 p.453, 1914 pp.467-468 [G]
Jacob Gold Schurman, The Balkan Wars 1912-1013 (1916), posted by Gutenberg Library Online
Jivoin Perich, La Confederation Balkanique (The Balkan Confederation, 1912), posted online by Gutenberg Library Online
Anonymous, Une Confederation Orientale comme solution de la Question d'Orient (An Oriental Confederation as solution of the Oriental Question, 1907), posted online by Gutenberg Library Online

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on October 16th 2007

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