Montenegro 1914-1926

In 1914 World War I broke out. Montenegro was allied with Serbia, Russia and France. In 1915, Montenegro was occupied by Austrian forces; King Nicholas and a few of his ministers in exile received little attention, as the allies accepted Serbia's policy of establishing a Federated Kingdom of Slovenes, Croats and Serbs - the Montenegrins, regarded ethnic Serbs, were not even mentioned. King Nicholas resided in Italy in exile, where he died in 1923. In 1918, Serbian troops occupied Montenegro. The Serbs assembled a PODGORICKA SKUPSTINA (Grand National Assembly) which decided to unify Montenegro with Serbia. A Montenegrin uprising against Serbian rule in 1919 was suppressed, although fighting continued until 1926; Montenegro became a province of the Kingdom which was to be called Yugoslavia from 1929 onward.

History of Montenegro : Nicholas from Montenet, Yugoslav perspective
History of Montenegro : King Nikola, How the Montenegrin State was abolished in 1918, Christmas Uprising 1919, from, Montenegrin perspective
Links to Montenegrin history, from Studyweb
Biography of Krsto Zrnov Popovic, military leader of Montenegrin resistance against Karadjordjevic rule, from
DOCUMENTS List of Rulers of Montenegro, from World Statesmen, scroll down
Montenegrin Banknotes from 1914, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money, scroll down to bottom
Memorandum of Protest, 1919, posted by
Chicago Tribune 1919 on events in Montenegro, posted by
Lazare Muskovitch on Montenegro's Conduct of the War, 13 January 1916, from First World
REFERENCE Fred Singleton, A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples, Cambridge University Press (1985) 1999

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on November 7th 2004

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