Montenegro 1914-1918

King Nicholas resided in Italy in exile, where he died in 1923. In 1918, Serbian troops occupied Montenegro. The Serbs assembled a Podgoricka Skupstina (Grand National Assembly) which decided to unify Montenegro with Serbia. A Montenegrin uprising against Serbian (SHS) rule in 1919 was suppressed, although fighting continued until 1926; Montenegro became a province of the Kingdom which was to be called Yugoslavia from 1929 onward.

The Kingdom of Yugoslavia introduced an administrative reform in 1929; Montenegro was to form the core of the new Zetska Banovina. The mountainous character of Montenegro, which was instrumental in the statelet maintaining its independence in previous centuries, now proved an obstacle to the country's modernization. Without significant mineral deposits and population centers, the Montenegro stagnated while most other regions of Yugoslavia developed economically.

History of Montenegro : Montenegro within Yugoslavia from Montenet, Yugoslav perspective
How the Montenegrin State was abolished in 1918, Christmas Uprising 1919, from, Montenegrin perspective
Links to Montenegrin history, from Studyweb
Biography of Krsto Zrnov Popovic, military leader of Montenegrin resistance against Karadjordjevic rule, from
DOCUMENTS List of Rulers of Montenegro, from World Statesmen, scroll down
Memorandum of Protest, 1919, posted by
Chicago Tribune 1919 on events in Montenegro, posted by
REFERENCE Fred Singleton, A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples, Cambridge University Press (1985) 1999
Article : Montenegro, in : Americana Annual 1927 p.572, 1928 p.533, 1930 pp.525-526, 1931 p.503, 1932 p.476, 1933 p.506, 1934 p.386, 1935 p.468, 1936 p.468, 1937 p.463, 1938 pp.447-448, 1939 p.512, 1940 p.514 [G]
Article : Montenegro, in : New International Year Book 1919 p,438, 1920 pp.450-451, 1921 pp.468-469, 1923 p.480, 1925 p.452, 1928 p.471, 1930 p.499 [G]
Article : Montenegro, in : Statesman's Year Book 1919 pp.1055-1059 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted October 9th 2006, last revised on August 16th 2007

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