Moldavia 1350-1512 Moldavia 1812-1859






Moldavia 1512-1812



In 1512 Prince Bogdan al-Ill-lea accepted Ottoman suzerainty. At that time, IASI was the administrative center of the country. Ottoman sovereignty has a great impact on Moldavian history. Moldavian princes, when claiming the throne, required Ottoman approval. Hereditary succession was usually accepted. Moldavia was affected by the various wars of the Ottoman Empire. Southern Bessarabia, a territory referred to as Budschak, was annexed by the Ottoman Empire in 1538. Turks, later referred to as Gagauz, settled there.
During the 300 years of Ottoman suzerainty, ties between Moldova and Greek civilization intensified. The Moldavian church was placed under the Patriarch of Constantinople; in the late 17th, 18th and early 19th centuries, repeatedly PHANARIOTS (Greeks) had been appointed VOIVOD (prince) of Moldavia. A part of the Moldavian elite was HELLENIZED, i.e. spoke Greek and took on a Greek identity. Between 1593 and 1601 Prince Michael the Brave of Wallachia briefly ruled both Wallachia and Moldavia in personal union.
In 1711, Swedish King CHARLES XII., commanding an Ottoman army, defeated the Russian army in the Battle of the River Pruth; although Russia and the Ottoman Empire signed peace that year, Peter established his residence at Bender in Moldavia (until evicted in 1714). Also in 1711, Nikolaus Maurokordatos was appointed Prince of Moldavia, a Phanariot (Greek), beginning a long line of Phanariot Princes of Moldavia, a lineage blamed for the decline of the principality.
In Sept.-Oct.1739, Moldavia briefly was occupied by the Russians, again 1769-1774. In 1774, Austrian troops occupied northwestern Moldavia, a territory ceded by the Ottoman Empire to Austria in 1775, and known as the Bukovina. From 1787 to 1788, Moldavia was placed under Austrian military administration, from 1788 to 1789 under Russian, from 1789 to 1791 again under Austrian, from 1806 to 1812 again under Russian military administration. In 1812 the Ottoman Empire ceded Bessarabia, i.e. the territory east of the Pruth River (including a large stretch of Moldavian territory) to Russia.
In the late 18th century, Moldavia had a low population density, consequence of centuries of Ottoman sovereignty (with excessive taxation) and of decades of warfare.



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EXTERNAL
LINKS
Timeline, from timelines.ws
Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Romania, from Kirken i Norge
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Romania
Brief History of Romania, from Rom Club; Romanian History, from European Cultural Centre, Bucharest, posted by Rotravel; History of Romanians, by Ion Calafeteanu, on Government of Romania Website; History of Romania, posted by FEEFHS
Illustrated History of Romanians, from Government of Romania
History of Iasi, from www.iasi.ro
Moldau, Geschichte von (Moldavia, History of), 1350-1834, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1888-1890 edition, in German
DOCUMENTS World Statesmen : Romania, by Ben Cahoon; scroll down for Moldavia; Rulers : Romania, by B. Schemmel, scroll down for Moldavia; Rulers from Vallachia and Molgavia till 1859; from Romania - Encyclopedic Survey; Regnal Chronologies : Eastern Balkans, scroll down for Berlad, Bihar, Moldavia, Romania, Transylvania, Wallachia
Moldavie, from Annuaire 1789-1815, in French
REFERENCE


This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on August 20th 2002, last revised on November 8th 2004

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