1941-1944 since 1991

Moldova 1944-1991

From a Soviet perspective, Moldova was liberated in 1944. Ethnically Romanian and Gagausian Moldovans may view things differently, as most of Moldova from 1918 to 1940 had been Romanian, and again from 1941 to 1944.
Perceived collaborators and counterrevolutionaries were deported, collectivization of farmland enforced. With Romania being transformed into a People's Republic in 1948, there was no alternative to the Soviet system in the vicinity.
During the reign of Mikhail Gorbachov the USSR experienced liberalization and democratization. In 1989 Moldova introduced Romanian as official language (in place of Russian) and introduced the Latin script for the latter (long used in Romania, but not by ethnic Romanians in the USSR). Independence came with the disintegration of the USSR late in 1991.

Timeline, from BBC News
REFERENCE Stephen Fischer-Galati, Moldavia and the Moldavians, pp.415-434 in : Zev Katz et al. (ed.), Handbook of Major Soviet Nationalities, NY : The Free Press 1975 [G]
The Fifteen Soviet Republics, pp.63-78 in : John Gunther, Meet Soviet Russia, I : Land, People, Sights, NY : Harper & Bros. 1962 [G]
Article : USSR : Moldavia, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.1429-1430, 1975-1976 pp.1433-1435, 1976-1977 pp.1431-1433, 1978-1979 pp.1251-1252, 1979-1980 pp.1260-1261, 1980-1981 pp.1256-1257, 1981-1982 pp.1264-1265, 1983-1984 pp.1260-1262, 1984-1985 pp.1258-1259, 1985-1986 pp.1259-1260, 1986-1987 pp.1258-1259, 1987-1988 pp.1262-1263, 1988-1989 pp.1266-1267, 1989-1990 pp.1272-1273, 1990-1991 pp.1275-1276, 1991-1992 pp.1274-1275 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on October 31st 2006, last revised on March 9th 2007

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