Moldova since 1991

Under Mikhail Gorbachev (1985-1991) the USSR went through a period of liberalization and democratization. In January 1992 Moldavia suddenly found itself independent. Among Moldavians there was a strong sentiment for unification with Romania; the predominantly Russian/Ukrainian popyulation of the Moldovan region of Transnistria was opposed to this concept; there was a brief civil war. It was ended by a ceasefire; plans to have Moldova annexed into Romania were scrapped.
A currency reform in 1993 introduced the Leu. Reform Communists won the elections of 1998 and 2001. Relations between Moldova to the right of the Dnjestr and Transnistria remain tense; Moldova is among the poorest countries in Europe.

Timeline, from BBC News
From Moldavia to Moldova : The Soviet-Romanian Territorial Dispute, by Nicholas Dima, 1991
REFERENCE Article : Moldova, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1993 pp.446-447, 672, 1994 pp.445-446, 673, 1995 pp.445-446, 672, 1996 pp.445, 672, 1997 pp.453, 670, 2002 pp.466, 678 [G]
Article : Commonwealth of Independent States : Moldavia, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1993-1994 pp.423-424, 1993-1994 pp.426-428, 1994-1995 pp.419-422, 1995-1996 pp.410-412 [G]
Article : Moldova, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1996-1997 pp.902-905, 1997-1998 pp.911-914, 1998-1999 pp.978-981, 2000 pp.1113-1117, 2001 pp.1086-1090, 2002 pp.1132-1136, 2003 pp.1131-1135, 2004 pp.1136-1140, 2005 pp.1144-1148, 2006 pp.1149-1153 [G]
Entry : Travel Warning - Moldova, pp.554-556, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2000, Supplement [G]
Entry : Republic of Moldova, Cabinet pp.68-69, Background Notes : Moldova, pp.905-910, in : Countries of the World and their Leaders Yearbook, 2003 [G]
Entry : Moldova, pp.726-729 in : IMF, International Financial Statistics Yearbook 2001 [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on October 31st 2006, last revised on March 9th 2007

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