The Pomaks as described in Historic Encyclopedias



Meyer 1885-1892, Nordisk Familje-Bok 1876-1899, Meyer 1902-1909, Nordisk Familje-Bok 1904-1926





Meyers Conversations-Lexikon 1885-1892, Article : Pomaken
Pomaks (Pomaci), the Muslim Bulgarians in the Rhodope Mountains, the name of whom, according to some, shall mean "aides" (from Slavic pomagati, "to help"). Their language is the Bulgarian, to which many Turkish elements were added, when the victorious Turks forced the Christian people to accept Islam. Based on the poetic traditions which Geuler in 1878 published in Czech language, some of them have regarded them as descendants of the Thracians of old (see Dozon, Rapport sur une mission litteraire en Macedoine, etc., Paris 1874). Their number is given as c. 400,000. In 1878 they fought on the side of the Turks against the Russians and their Christian fellow Bulgarians.
source in German, posted by Retro Bibliohek

Nordisk Familje-Bok, Article : Pomaker eller Pomoker (1888)
name for the Bulgarians who converted to Islam
source in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg

Meyers Grosses Conversations-Lexikon 1902-1909, Article : Pomaken
Pomaks (Pomaci), the Muslim Bulgarians, the name of whom, according to some, shall mean "aides" (from Slavic pomagati, "to help"). They are said to be 400,000 heads strong, of whom 28,000 live in Bulgaria in the district of Lovec and in the north of the Rhodope Mountains; the remainder lives on Turkish territory in he interior of the Rhodope Mountains and in Macedonia. Many Turkish elements were added to their language, when the Turks forced the Christian people to accept Islam. Based on the poetic traditions which Geuler in 1878 published in Czech language, some of them have regarded them as descendants of the Thracians of old (see Dozon, Les chants populaires bulgares, rapports, etc., Paris 1874). In 1878 they fought on the side of the Turks against the Russians and their Christian fellow Bulgarians.
source in German, posted by Zeno

Nordisk Familje-Bok, Article : Pomaker (1915)
Pomaks (in Bulgarian : Pomaci) are called the Muslim Bulgarians. Conversion to Islam occurred in Bulgaria already in the 16th century, but later has declined, and now the number of Pomaks is estimated at maximum 28,000. The majority lives in the Rhodope region; a small part of them is found in the north on the Danube around Plevna, Vratsa and in Macedonia. They are fanatic believers in Islam, although they have little knowledge of the Turkish language, and faithyfuly maintained their old Bulgarian dialect.
source in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg





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This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on March 5th 2009

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