1660-1789 Autonomy

Serbia 1789-1817

In 1789, Austrian forces occupied Belgrade, only to restore it to the Ottoman Empire in the TREATY OF SISTOVA in 1791.
The PASHALIK OF SERBIA had suffered from plundering raids of Janissaries who were at times out of control. The country's christian community was a favourite target of such plundering raids. In 1804 the Serbs, under Djordje Petrovic (KARADJORDJE) rose in rebellion, demanding the excesses to be ended. The rebels expelled the Janissaries; in 1806 an agreement was signed in which the Sultan, fearing Russian interference, acknowledged Serb autonomy. In 1812, Russia occupied Moldova and Va;lachia and conceded in the TREATY OF BUCHAREST that Serbia was Ottoman territory; the Turks reoccupied Belgrade, Karadjordje and many of his followers fled to the Vojvodina. Massacres took place among the remaining Serbian population.
In 1813 an amnesty was proclaimed. In 1815, a second Serbian uprising broke out, lead by MILOS OBRENOVIC. He argued that the Serb rebellion was directed against the Pasha of Belgrade, not against the Sultan. Milos in effect was in control of Serbia, as the Ottoman Empire failed to effectively respond. In 1817, Milos Obrenovic had his rival Karadjordje murdered, and now was the uncontested leader of the Serbian movement.

Servia, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1914 edition
History of Serbia and Montenegro, from yunet
DOCUMENTS Vladimir Borovikovsky, Portrait of Karadjordje, 1816, from Olga's Gallery
Servie, from Annuaire 1789-1815, in French
Affaires de Belgrade, from Annuaire 1789-1815, in French; on the death of the Pasha in 1802
REFERENCE Fred Singleton, A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples, Cambridge University Press (1985) 1999

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on November 8th 2004

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