1789-1817 1848-1878

Serbia 1817-1848

Although Ottoman pashas continued to reside in Belgrade until 1830, Serbia was de facto autonomous, ruled by MILOS OBRENOVIC, the KNEZ. In 1830, this situation was internationally recognized, Serbia elevated to an autonomous principality with Belgrade as the capital.
Milos Obrenovic was a conservative nobleman owning large estates; his patriarchic rule was soon interpreted as oppressive, and in 1834 a revolt broke out against him. Obrenovic had to accept the constitution of 1834, which proved ineffective and was replaced by the constitution of 1838, which implemented the SKUPSTINA, a popular assembly, and ended absolute rule. In 1839, Milos Obrenovic abdicated and went into exile to Valachia, where he owned vast estates. A coup in 1842 ended the Obrenovic dynasty and brought ALEXANDER KARADJORDJEVIC to the throne.
An assembly of Serbian patriots in Karlovci in 1848 demanded the annexion of the Vojvodina, located in Austrian Hungary but controlled by Serbians while the Hungarians revolted against Habsburg rule. It did not materialize.

Servia, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1914 edition
History of Serbia and Montenegro, from yunet
Serbia's role in the Vojvodina 1848/49, from Encyclopedia of the 1848 Revolutions
REFERENCE Fred Singleton, A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples, Cambridge University Press (1985) 1999
Stevan K. Pavlowitch, Anglo-Russian Rivalry in Serbia 1837-1839, The Mission of Colonel Hodges, Den Haag : Mouton 1961

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on November 8th 2004

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