Moldavia Transylvania






Wallachia - Demographic History



Population Figures

Population in 1837 estimated at about 2,000,000 inhabitants (Brockhaus 1837)
Population in 1844 2,600,000 inhabitants (Anskjaer 1858)
Population in 1852 2,893,000 inhabitants (Anskjaer 1858)
Population in 1854 2,600,000 inhabitants (Herder 1854)
Population in 1857 almost 3 million inhabitants (Pierer 1857).
Population in 1863 2,400,000 inhabitants (Anskjaer 1858)
Population in 1885 3,269,000 inhabitants (Meyer 1885)
Population in 1896 4,259,876 inhabitants (Meyer 1905; date given as 1996 - typo ?)

Anskjaer 1858 complains about various population figures being circulated which seem unreliable. Wallachia's population in the 19th century was clearly larger than that of Moldavia, and grew significantly in that century.

Ethnic Composition

Brockhaus 1837 lists the number of Gypsies in W. as 200,000.
Pierer 1857 : Vlachs, c.70,000 Gypsies, further Jews, Hungarians, Serbs, Armenians, Greeks, Germans, Frenchmen, Russians, Poles.
Anskjaer 1858 : Vlachs, further several thousand Armenians, c. 5,000 Hungarians, 6,000 Jews, then gypsies and citizens of various nations.

Composition by Religion

Anskjaer 1858 : Greek Orthodox, then c. 50,000 Catholics. Meyer 1902 lists the Jews of Wallachia as 60,000.

Urban Population

Bukarest (Bucharest, Bucuresti) : Brockhaus 1809 : over 60,000 inh., Herder 1854 : c.80,000 inh., Pierer 1857 : 107,000 inh., Anskjaer 1858 : 100,000 inh., Lahmeyer, for 1800 32,000 inh., for 1867, 122,000 inhabitants.
Plojesti (Ploesti) : Pierer 1857 : 25,000 inhabitants, Anskjaer 1858 : population 3.000. Lahmeyer, for 1867, 26,500 inhabitants.

Wars fought on Moldavian soil

1710-1711 Russo-Ottoman War
1806-1812 Russo-Ottoman War
1821 Phanariot Rebellion against Ottoman Rule
1828-1829 Russo-Ottoman War
1848 Wallachian Revolt
1852-1853 Russian Occupation (Crimean War)

In the 18th and 19th century, Wallachia often was the battleground where Russo-Ottoman wars were fought. Exceptionally destructive was the Russo-Ottoman war of 1828-1829.






EXTERNAL
LINKS
DOCUMENTS Articles Plojesti, Bukarest, Walachei, from Pierer's Universal-Lexikon 1857-1865, in German, posted by Zeno
Articles Plojeschti, Bukarest, Valachiet, from Stefan Anskjaer, Geografisk-Statistik Haandbog 1858-1863, in Danish, posted by Project Runeberg
Article Herders Conversatioons Lexikon 1854, in German, posted by Zeno
Article
Bukarest, from Brockhaus Conversations-Lexikon 1809-1811, in German, posted by Zeno
Romania. historical demographical data of the urban centers, Historical demographic data of administrative divisions prior to 1948, from Population Statistics by Jan Lahmeyer
REFERENCE


This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted on March 7th 2009

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