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Greece Macedonia
First posted on April 10th 2002, last revised on January 6th 2011

Albania since 1989
Albania 1968-1989
Albania 1949-1968
Albania 1944-1949
Albania 1939-1944
Albania 1925-1939
Albania 1918-1924
Albania 1913-1918

Albania was created as a state by the intervening powers in 1913. For the history prior to 1913, accounts either follow (a) the history of administrative/political entities of that time, or (b) that of the history of the territory which in 1913 would become Albania, or (c) the history of the Albanian ethnicity.

P. of Shkoder,

P. of Janina,

Larger Entities

Ottoman Empire


Albania 1878-1912
Albania 1831-1878


Albanians until 1912
General Files on the History of Albania, organized by topic instead of by period

Historical Encyclopedias : Albania 1809-1904
Timeline : Albania since 1204
Historical Atlas, Albania, Rumelia, Ottoman Empire Pages
List of Wars : Albania, Rumelia

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles modern from CIA World Factbook; BBC Country Profiles; World Desk Reference
from Library of Congress; from Nations Encyclopedia
historical C.A. Chekrezi, Albania, Past and Present (1919), IA
W. Peacock, Albania : the foundling state of Europe (1914), IA
H. Hamm, Albania China's Beachhead In Europe (1962), IA
A. Galanti, L'Albania: notizie geografiche, ethnografiche e storiche (1901) in Italian, IA
Links General from SSEES; from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL
on History from Virtual Library History; from Virtual Library Labour History; from Virtual Library Women's History
Organizations ALBNA "Youth and History", from Euroclio
Timelines from timelines.ws; from BBC News; A Brief Constitutional History of Albania, from IPLS, backward timeline, focus on recent events
Accounts of History General, Modern from Wikipedia, from the Albanian Homepage; A Brief History, from Albania - Land of the Eagles
Texts and Documents of Albanian History, from Zemra Shqiptare
General, Historical S. Gopcevic, Geschichte von Montenegro und Albanien (1914) in German, IA
Wassa, Albanien und die Albanesen: eine historisch-kritische Studie (1879) in German, IA
Specific Periods
Politics Politics of Albania, from Wikipedia; Political Resources on the Net : Albania
Albania : The Party System 1950-1956 and 1957-1962, from Political Parties : A Cross-National Survey, by Kenneth Janda
Albania Profile, from International Crisis Group
Military see under List of Wars : Albania at this site
O.M. Aldridge, The retreat from Serbia through Montenegro and Albania (1916), IA
J. Tharaud, La bataille a Scutari d'Albanie (1913), IA
Economy & Finances Entry Albania, from Global History of Currencies, by Bryan Taylor
History of Tirana Stock Exchange, of Tirana Chamber of Commerce and Industry
see also Library of Congress, Country Studies : Albania; Wikipedia History of Albania
Albania Energy Profile, from Energy Information Administration; List of Hydroelectric Power Stations, from Wikipedia, scroll down for Albania
Mines and Communities : Albania
A. Calmes, The economic and financial situation of Albania (1922), IA
Social History
Ethnography Languages of Albania (7), from Ethnologue
S. Schwandner-Sievers, The Albanian Aromanians' Awakening, Identity Politics and Conflicts in Post-Communist Albania; Greeks of Albania and Albanians in Greece, from Greek Helsinki Monitor; Roma in Albania, from Greek Helsinki Monitor; Albania : The Greek Minority, from HRW
History of the Albanian Language, from Wikipedia, by Çezar Kurti
Falsifying History : The Holocaust and Greater Albania, by Carl K. Savich, tendentious
Migration, Globalisation & Poverty, has numerous pdf files on Albania
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Albania
Albania, pp.46-63 in vol.1A of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Religion History of the (Greek Catholic) Albanian Church, from Eastern Catholic Pastoral Association of Southern California; Articles History of the Jews in Albania, Islam in Albania, from Wikipedia
International Religious Freedom Report 2003 : Albania, from U.S. Department of State
Albania, from Roman Catholic Hierarchy
Patron Saint Index : Albania
History of Regions M.E. Durham, High Albania and its customs in 1908 (1910), IA
N.J. Cassavetes, The question of northern Epirus at the Peace conference (1919), IA
A. Radovitch, The question of Scutari (1919), IA
Local History Tirana, from Albanian Tourist Guide, from World 66, from Wikipedia
Durres, from Albanian Tourist Guide, from Wikipedia
Shkodra, from Albanian Tourist Guide, from Shkoder.net, from Wikipedia
Elbasan, from Wikipedia; Korce, from Wikipedia; Vlora, from Albanian Tourist Guide
Institutions Albania, from Airline History
History, from RTSH (Radio Tirana); Article Radio Televizioni Shqiptar
History of Education in Albania, from Albanur
Structurae : Albania; Search Lighthouse Explorer for Albania
Culture Article Albanian Language, from Wikipedia; A Brief History of the Albanian Language, by Cezar Kurti
Albanian Literature, by Jorgo Bulo; from Wikipedia
Article Music of Albania, from Wikipedia
Article Cinema of Albania, from Wikipedia
Biographies List of Albanians, from Wikipedia; Albanian Personalities, from Albaweb; Famous Albanians, from albanian.ca
Others Alcohol and Drugs History Society : Albania
Category : Albania at the Olympics, from Wikipedia; Article Football in Albania
Disaster History by Country : Albania, from Relief Web
Annals of Israeli-Albanian Contacts on Establishing Diplomatic Relations, by Yosef Govrin; History of the British Embassy in Tirana, Pt.1, Pt.2, Pt.3; Relations between Latvia and Albania, from MOFA Latvia; Diplomatic Relations between the Czech Republic and the Republic of Albania, from Czech Embassy in Tirana; Albania, from MOFA, Finland, from MOFA, Georgia, South Africa DOFA
Republic of Albania, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, History
Albania and the United Nations. Two Cases seen from a Diplomatic History Perspective (1997), by Giovanni Armilotta
Foreign Relations of Greece, posted by Hellenica, scroll down for Bilateral Relations with Albania
The 'National Interest' Tradition and the Foreign Policy of Albania, by Rozeta E. Shembilku
Palearctic Ecoregion, from WWF

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon), from Rulers (B. Schemmel), Regnal Chronologies (Western Balkans; scroll down for Albania), from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Lists of Bishops List of Primacies of the Albanian Orthodox Church
Lists of Ambassadors List of Canadian Ambassadors to Albania, from Wikipedia; Chinese Ambassadors to Albania, from PRC MOFA
Lists of Consuls The Political Graveyard : Albania, has incomplete list of U.S. Consuls
Statistical Data Responsible Institution Instituti i Statistikes, Albania
Population Figures from Population Statistics, Univ. Utrecht
Historical Abortion Statistics - Albania, from Johnston's Archive
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Federal Reserve (U.S.) : Foreign Exchange Rates, Historic
Inflation Rates Historical Inflation Rates, from Index Mundi, since 2000
Election Results from Albania (since 2001); from IFES Election Guide
Documents Historical Newspapers Official Gazettes Flare, Union List of Official Gazettes, Albania
Selected Articles The Republic of Albania, from World History Archives
Modern Newspapers Newspapers and News Media : Albania, from ABYZ; from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers, from Worldpress.org (links)
Online Yearbooks - Albania Entries Annuario pontificio 1721, 1722, 1723, 1724, 1726, 1728, 1729, 1731, 1732, 1733, 1734, 1735, 1736, 1737, 1739, 1740, 1741, 1742, 1744, 1746, 1749, 1750, 1751, 1752, 1753, 1755, 1756, 1757, 1759, 1760, 1762, 1763, 1764, 1766, 1767, 1770, 1771, 1773, 1775, 1776, 1779, 1781, 1783, 1785, 1786, 1787, 1788, 1789, 1790, 1791, 1795, 1796, 1802, 1806, 1822, 1833, 1834, 1835, 1836, 1837, 1838, 1840, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1845, 1846, 1851, 1853, 1854, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, 1868, 1869, in Italian, GB; search for Scutari, Durazzo
Propaganda Films
Films on History/Society Albania Film Archives linked by National Film Preservation Board (U.S.)
Filmarchives Online (Europe-wide); Albanian Film Archive
Article : Cinema of Albania, from Wikipedia
Albania, from Cinema of the World
List of Albanian Films, from Wikipedia; Albania Film, from IMDb
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
Systematic Collections
R. Elsie, Early Photography in Albania
Accidental Collections Wikimedia Commons : Albania
Universal Collections
Items on Singapore
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates around the World
Passports of Albania, from World Passports
Airline Timetable Images : Albania
Archival Deposits Guide to the Hoover Institution Archives 1980, GB ; search for Albania
Search CIA Released Documents for Albania
Constitutions, Laws Search Prassi Italiana di Dirito Internazionale, Indice delle leggi e degli altri atti normativi, for Albania, 126 entries, in Italian
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Albania, from ILO, 30 docs. since 1920
Internet Law Library : Albania
Treaties General Treaty Collections
Bilateral Treaty Collections Albania, pp.6-31 in vol.5 of Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America 1776-1949, 1976, GB
Consular Reports Foreign Relations of the United States 1851-1958/1960
Document Collections European History Primary Sources : Albania
Texts and Documents of Albanian History, posted by Robert Elsie
Foreign Office (British) : Peace Handbooks (1919-1920), posted on Internet Archive; v. 3. The Balkan states (I), no. 15-18.--v. 4. The Balkan states (II), no. 19-23
Communist takeover and occupation of Albania : special report no. 13 of the Select Committee on Communist Aggression (1954), IA
Historical Maps responsible institutions UNESCO, National Mapping Agencies : Albania : Institutin Topografik t Ushtris (ITU)
collections Category : Old Maps of the History of Albania, Maps of the History of Albania, from Wikimedia Commons
Albania Maps, PCL, UTexas
Historical Maps of the Balkans, PCL, UTexas
Albania Maps, Discus Media
Albania, hindsight Europe in the Year 1400, 1500, 1600, 1700, 1800, 1900, 2000, euratlas
Balkans 1815, 1815-1859, 1860-1878, 1878-1912, 1912-1918, 1918-1938, 1938-1945, 1945-2003, J. de Salas Vara del Rey
Yugoslavia 1941, J. de Salas Vara del Rey
Albania, Contemporary Ethnic Map : Balkans 1877 (Synvet), Wikipedia, Balkans 1880 (Ravenstein), Wikipedia
Albania : 1906, 1922, 1932, 1938, from Probert Encyclopedia Antiquarian Map Archive
detail, Modern
detail, contemporary
Encyclopedia Entries
General from EB 1911
Article Albanien, Durazzo, Skutari, Tirana, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892
Religious on Albania, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1907 edition
Geographical Article : Albania, Eyne Provintz in Griechenland, from Zedlers Universallexikon (1732), posted by Bayerische Staatsbibliothek, in German, 18th century font
Historical Albania, pp.395-396 in vol.2 of S. Maulder, The history of the world: comprising a general history, 1856, GB
Parliamentary Debates
Historic Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives Central State Archives, Albania, from KNAW
Libraries Library of the Parliament of Albania
Libraries in Albania, from LibDex
History of the Albanian National Library, from The European Library
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry
National Anthem, from David's National Anthem Reference Page
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Albania, from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Numismatic Collections of Coins : Albania, bilingual Russian-English page
Search Coin Archives for Albania
Stamps Rare Albanian Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery; Stamps Albania 1913-1919, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on Albania survey of bibliographies National Bibliography of Albania, from University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University Library
bibliographic database EBSEES (European Bibliography of Slavic and East European Studies)
general bibliographies pp.261-276 in R. Hutchins, Historical Dictionary of Albania, Lanham Md : Scarecrow 1996 [G]
Article : Bibliography of Albania, from Wikipedia
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies B. Nicholson, Albanian society between the wars - a working bibliography 1999
serial publications
general bibliographies
Albania entries
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
on Greece Central and Eastern European Online Library
Online Journals full text online Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Balcanica 1970-1994
Etudes Balkaniques 2002-2005; summaries 1994-2001
Balkanologie 1997-2011
Contents Online
General Accounts Adrian Webb, The Longman Companion to Central and Eastern Europe since 1919, London etc.: Longman 2002 [G]
Andre Gerolymatos, The Balkan Wars. Conquest, Revolution and Retribution from the Ottoman Era to the Twentieth Century and Beyond, NY : Basic Books 2002
Dimitri Obolensky, The Byzantine Commonwealth. Eastern Europe 500-1453, Crestwood NY : St. Vladimir's Seminary Press 1971 [G]
Miranda Vickers, The Albanians - a Modern History, (1995) London : Tauris 2001, 282 pp., KMLA Lib.Sign. 949.65 V637a
Article : Albania, pp.612-618 in : Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia, vol.14, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862n v.14
Specific Topics Albania, pp.166-170 in : Derek H. Aldcroft, Europe's Third World. The European Periphery in the Interwar Years. Leicester : UP 2006, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 940.09724 A357e
Historical Dictionary Raimond Hutchins, Historical Dictionary of Albania, Lanham Md.: Scarecrow 1996 [G]
Robert Elsie, Historical Dictionary of Albania, Scarecrow : 2004

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