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Macedonia Greece
First posted in January 2002, last revised on April 13th 2010

Recent History : Bulgaria since 1989
Late Cold War : Bulgaria 1969-1989
Early Cold War : Bulgaria 1956-1969
Early Cold War : Bulgaria 1947-1956
Transition Years : Bulgaria 1944-1947
World War II : Bulgaria 1939-1944
Royal Dicatorship : Bulgaria 1934-1939
Democratic Bulgaria : Bulgaria 1926-1934
Post-War Crisis : Bulgaria 1918-1926
World War I : Bulgaria 1914-1918
Turn of the Century : Bulgaria 1896-1914
Early Independent Bulgaria : Bulgaria 1879-1896

Prior to 1879, what is Bulgaria now formed part of the Ottoman Empire. Within the Ottoman Empire, a province of Bulgaria did not exist; Bulgaria long formed part of Rumelia.

Emergence of a Bulgarian Movement : Bulgaria 1848-1879
National Revival : Bulgaria 1760-1848
Ottoman Province : Bulgaria 1393-1760

Prior to 1393, there were one or several Bulgarian states.

Restored Czardom : Bulgaria 1185-1393
Part of the Byzantine Empire : Bulgaria 1018-1185
Bulgaria 893-1018
Bulgaria 852-893

Files on Bulgarian History organized by criteria other than historical periods

Historical Encyclopedia Entries on Bulgaria (-1875) (Bulgaria identical with Tuna Vilayet), on the Pomaks (1885-1915) Historical Atlas, Bulgaria Page
List of Wars, Bulgaria Page

Students' Paper : Comparison between Economic Changes in Czechoslovakia and in Bulgaria Coming with the Collapse of Communism, by Choi, Hena

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles Current from CIA World Factbook; BBC Country Profiles; World Desk Reference
from Library of Congress; from Nations Encyclopedia; from Wikipedia
Historic W.S. Monroe, Bulgaria and her people, with an account of the Balkan wars, Macedonia, and the Macedonian Bulgars (1914), posted on Internet Archive
E. Dicey, The Peasant State: An Account of Bulgaria in 1894 (1894), posted on Internet Archive
V. Kuhne, Bulgaria self-revealed, documents (1919), posted on IA
Bulgaria of today .. (1907), posted on Internet Archive
J. Samuelson, Bulgaria Past and Present (1888), posted on Internet Archive
H.C. Barkley, Between the Danube and Black sea; or, Five years in Bulgaria (1876), posted on Internet Archive
St.G.B. St.Clair, Ch.A. Brophy, Twelve Years' study of the Eastern Question in Bulgaria (1877), posted on IA
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL; from SSEES
Category : Bulgaria, from Wikipedia
on History from Virtual Library History, from KODEKS
Category : History of Bulgaria, from Wikipedia
Organizations Institute of History, National Institute of Archaeology and Museum, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Bulgarian History Teachers' Association, from Euroclio
American Research Center in Sofia
Historical Dictionaries
Timelines from timelines.ws, from BBC News
Accounts of History Encyclopedic, General Accounts Article History of Bulgaria, from Wikipedia
Bulgaria, a brief history outline, by Dimiter Markovski, very detailed, ends in 1944; pro-communist, which mainly affects the short later chapters ; Bulgaria's History, from Wonderland Bulgaria, has some biographies on Bulgarian rulers etc. ; Bulgarian History, from bgtv, concise ; Die Geschichte Bulgariens, from Bulgarien-web.de, account of Bulgaria's history, in German ; Storia di Bulgaria, from Bulgaria-Italia, in Italian, has many detailed subfiles; History of Bulgaria, from Republic of Bulgaria, Council of Ministers
Historicus, Bulgaria and Her Neighbors: An Historic Presentation of the Background of .. (1917), posted on IA
Specific Periods G.C. Logio, Bulgaria; problems & politics (1919), posted on Internet Archive
St. Protic, The aspirations of Bulgaria (1915), posted on IA
A.T. Christoff, The truth about Bulgaria (1919), posted on IA
Cr. Price, The intervention of Bulgaria : and the central Macedonian question (1915), posted on Internet Archive
Politics Links "> Political Resources on the Net : Bulgaria; Governments on the WWW : Bulgaria; Category : Politics of Bulgaria, from Wikipedia
General Article Politics of Bulgaria, from Wikipedia
Institutions Article : National Assembly of Bulgaria, from Wikipedia
Parties, Movements List of Political Parties in Bulgaria, from Wikipedia
Article : Bulgarian Communist Party, from Wikipedia
Political Histtory Bulgaria : The Party System 1950-1956 and 1957-1962, from Political Parties, a Cross-National Survey, by Kenneth Janda
Foreign Relations Category : Bilateral Relations of Bulgaria, from Wikipedia
Military see here
Category : Military History of Bulgaria, from Wikipedia
Orders, Decorations and Medals of Bulgaria, from World Medals
Economy & Finances General Global Integrity : Bulgaria 2006, Bulgaria 2007
Specific Periods
Currency & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Bulgaria
History of Bulgarian Money, from BG - Paper Money
Article Bulgarian Lev, from Wikipedia
Bank Introductions : Bulgaria
Economic Institutions Article Bulgarian Stock Exchange - Sofia, from Wikipedia
Mining & Metal Industry Mines and Communities : Bulgaria
Textile Industry History of Bulgarian Carpets from Chiprovtsi, from Bulgarian Carpets
Agriculture History of Bulgarian Rose Otto Oil, from Quinessence
The History of Bulgarian Wines
Social History
Ethnography General Languages of Bulgaria (12), from Ethnologue
Minorities at Risk, scroll down for Bulgaria, entries on Roma, Turks
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Bulgaria
Büchsenschütz, Ulrich (1997) : Minderheitenpolitik in Bulgarien. Die Politik der Bulgarischen Kommunistischen Partei (Bkp) gegenüber den Juden, Roma, Pomaken und Türken 1944-1989. (Minority Policy in Bulgaria. The olicy of the Bulgarian Communist Party (BKP) vis-a-vis Jews, Roma, Pomaks and Turks 1944-1989), posted by Virtuelle Fachbibliothek Osteuropa, in German
W.E. Gladstone, Lessons in Massacre; Or, The Conduct of the Turkish Government in and about Bulgaria Since May (1877), posted on Internet Archive
Bulgaria, pp.1009-1044 in vol.2A of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Roma E. Marushiakova, V. Popov, The Relations of Ethnic and Confessional Consciousness of Gypsies in Bulgaria
With Gypsies in Bulgaria (1916), posted on Internet Archive
Turks T. Can, M.S. Todorov, Turks of Bulgaria : Assimilation Policy and Linguistic Oppression; article Turks in Bulgaria, from Wikipedia; L. Petkova, The ethnic Turks in Bulgaria : social integration and impact on Bulgarian-Turkish relations 1947-2000, posted on Eldis
Religion General International Religious Freedom Report 2003 : Bulgaria, from U.S. Department of State
Patron Saint Index : Bulgaria
Bulgaria, from New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge
Orthodox History of the (Greek Catholic) Bulgarian Church, from Eastern Catholic Pastoral Association of Southern California; from Official Website of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church
Article : Church of Bulgaria, from OrthodoxWiki
The Church of Bulgaria, pp.33-36 in M.G. Dampier, The organization of the Orthodox Eastern churches 1910, IA
Catholic Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Bulgaria, from Kirken i Norge
Bulgaria, from Roman Catholic Hierarchy
Jewish Virtual Jewish History Tour : Bulgaria, from Jewish Virtual Library; The Plovdiv Jewish Community
Büchsenschütz, Ulrich (1997) : Minderheitenpolitik in Bulgarien. Die Politik der Bulgarischen Kommunistischen Partei (Bkp) gegenüber den Juden, Roma, Pomaken und Türken 1944-1989. (Minority Policy in Bulgaria. The olicy of the Bulgarian Communist Party (BKP) vis-a-vis Jews, Roma, Pomaks and Turks 1944-1989), posted by Virtuelle Fachbibliothek Osteuropa, in German
Muslim All Bulgaria Virtual Guide : Islam in Bulgaria, St. Lewis, Islam in Bulgaria, posted by Saudi Aramco
Article Pomaks, from Wikipedia
Shane Jacobs, A History of Oppression. The Plight of the Bulgarian Pomaks, from Central European Review 2001
Büchsenschütz, Ulrich (1997) : Minderheitenpolitik in Bulgarien. Die Politik der Bulgarischen Kommunistischen Partei (Bkp) gegenüber den Juden, Roma, Pomaken und Türken 1944-1989. (Minority Policy in Bulgaria. The olicy of the Bulgarian Communist Party (BKP) vis-a-vis Jews, Roma, Pomaks and Turks 1944-1989), posted by Virtuelle Fachbibliothek Osteuropa, in German
History of Regions Articles History of Dobruja, from Wikipedia
Regions of Bulgaria, from www.statoids.com
Local History History of Sofia, from sofia.com, from Wikipedia
History of Plovdiv, from plovdiv.org, from Wikipedia
History of Varna, from Varna.Info, from Wikipedia
History of Silistra, from Wikipedia
History of Rousse, from University of Rousse
Institutions History of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
Zh. Atanasov, Education and Science in the People's Republic of Bulgaria (1974), posted on Internet Archive
History of Radio Bulgaria
Vassileva, Dessislava (2005) : Rundfunk und Rundfunkpolitik in Bulgarien. (Radio and Radio Policy in Bulgaria), posted by Virtuelle Fachbibliothek Osteuropa, in German
Bulgaria, from Airline History
Structurae : Bulgaria; Search Lighthouse Explorer for Bulgaria
Culture Slovoto, Virtual Library of Bulgarian Literature
History of the Union of Bulgarian Filmmakers
Category : Sport in Bulgaria, from Wikipedia
Biographies List of Bulgarians, from Wikipedia; Famous Bulgarians, from Bulgarian Photo Album, from Nations Encyclopedia
Others Geiselmann, Christian (2002) : Politisches Leben in der bulgarischen Dorfgesellschaft 1919-1944. Am Beispiel der Memoiren des Stefan Rajkov Canev aus Vaglevci. (Political Life in Bulgarian Village Society 1919-1944. Discussed on the Example of the Memoirs of Stefan Rajkov Canev from Vaglevci), posted by Virtuelle Fachbibliothek Osteuropa, in German
Alcohol and Drugs History Society : Bulgaria
History of Freemasonry in Bulgaria, from United Grand Lodge of Bulgaria
Category : Disasters in Bulgaria, from Wikipedia
Palearctic Ecoregion, from WWF

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from Regnal Chronologies (Eastern Balkans, scroll down for Bulgaria, Destra); from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Titles of European Hereditary Rulers : Bulgaria
Lists of Ambassadors List of Ambassadors from the United Kingdom to Bulgaria, List of Ambassadors of Russia to Bulgaria, from Wikipedia; Liste der Botschafter der Bundesrepublik Deutschland in Sofia (Bulgarien), from Wikipedia German edition
U.S. Ambassadors to Bulgaria, from NNDB; Canadian Ambassadors to Bulgaria, from MOFA Canada; Chinese Ambassadors to Bulgaria, from PRC MOFA;
Lists of Consuls The Political Graveyard : Bulgaria, has incomplete list of U.S. Consuls
Lists of Bishops List of Patriarchs of the Bulgarian Orthodox Church, List of Archbishops of the Bulgarian Archbishopric of Ohrid, from Wikipedia
Hierarchs of the Orthodox Church, from Orthodox Research Institute ; search for Kishinev, Chisinau, Bessarabia
Statistical Data Responsible Institution National Statistical Institute, Bulgaria
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Bulgaria, from Population Statistics, Univ. Utrecht
Historical Abortion Statistics - Bulgaria, from Johnston's Archive
Election Results from Psephos (since 1996); from IFES Election Guide (since 2001)
from Electoral Geography 2.0 (since 1991)
Documents Historical Newspapers Official Gazettes Flare, Union List of Official Gazettes, Bulgaria
Hemerotheques Wikipedia : List of Online Newspaper Archives : Bulgaria
Open Society Archive, Periodicals Collection (Radio Free Europe Archive)
Selected Articles The History of the Republic of Bulgaria, from World History Archives
Modern Newspapers links from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers
Online Yearbooks - Bulgaria Entries
Propaganda Films Open Society Archives, Film Library (Radio Free Europe Archive)
Films on History/Society Bulgaria Film Archives linked by National Film Preservation Board (U.S.)
Filmarchives Online (Europe-wide); Bulgarian National Film Archive
Article : Cinema of Bulgaria, from Wikipedia
Bulgaria, from Cinema of the World
List of Bulgarian Films, from Wikipedia; Bulgaria Film, from IMDb
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
Systematic Collections
Accidental Collections Wikimedia Commons : Bulgaria
Universal Collections
Items on Bulgaria
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates of the World
Passports of Bulgaria, from World Passports, scroll down
Airline Timetable Images : Bulgaria
Archival Deposits Open Society Archive
Bulgaria Documents, at Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Search CIA Released Documents for Bulgaria
Guide to the Hoover Institution Archives 1980, GB ; search for Bulgaria
Nationaalarchief (NL) : Inventaris van de archieven van het Gezantschap in Bulgarije te Sofia, 1907-1941 en 1947-1953; Gezantschap in Bulgarije te Belgrado, (1940-1941) 1947-1954; Consulaat-Generaal Sofia, 1907-1915; Vice-Consulaten Plovdiv (Philippopel), Roestsjoek en Varna, 1910-1941
Constitutions, Laws constitutions, from verfassungen.eu, in German
List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Bulgaria, from ILO, 84 docs. since 1920
Internet Law Library : Bulgaria
Search Prassi Italiana di Dirito Internazionale, Indice delle leggi e degli altri atti normativi, for Bulgaria, 86 entries, in Italian
Treaties General Treaty Collections
Bilateral Treaty Collections Bulgaria, pp.1083-1107 in vol.5 of Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America 1776-1949, 1976, GB
Australian Treaty Series : Bilateral Treaties - Bulgaria
Consular Reports Foreign Relations of the United States 1851-1958/1960
Document Collections European History Primary Sources : Bulgaria
links to sources on Bulgarian history, posted by psm-data
Foreign Office (British) : Peace Handbooks (1919-1920), posted on Internet Archive; v. 3. The Balkan states (I), no. 15-18., v. 4. The Balkan states (II), no. 19-23
Bulgaria Narodno Subranie, Documents (1879), posted on IA
Making the History of 1989 : Bulgaria
Historical Maps responsible institutions UNESCO, National Mapping Agencies : Bulgaria : Ministry of Regional Development and Construction, Sofia
collections click here
South East Europe History Map Index, from Eliznik
Atlas : The Bulgarians in their historical, ethnographical and political frontiers (Rizoff 1917), posted by Pro Macedonia
Discus Media : The 1900 Collection, Maps from Yesteryear, Bulgaria
Historical Maps, from KODEKS
Search David Rumsey Map Collection for Bulgaria
Bulgaria Maps, PCL, UTexas
Category : Old Maps of Bulgaria, Maps of the History of Bulgaria, Wikimedia Commons
Bulgaria, hindsight Europe in the Year 1400, 1500, 1600, 1700, 1800, 1900, 2000, euratlas
Balkans 1815, 1815-1859, 1860-1878, 1878-1912, 1912-1918, 1918-1938, 1938-1945, 1945-2003, J. de Salas Vara del Rey
Bulgaria, Contemporary Bulgaria 1904, 1906, 1922, 1932, 1938, Probert Encyclopedia
detail, Modern
detail, contemporary Sofia 1968, Probert Encyclopedia
Encyclopedia Entries
General Articles Bulgaria, Burgas, Philippopolis, Rustchuk, Shumla, Silistria, Sofia, Trnovo, Varna, Vidin, from EB 1911
Articles Bulgarien, Bulgaren, Pomaken, Burgas, Philippopel, Silistria, Sofia, Tirnowa, Warna, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Nordish Familjebok 2nd ed. : Articles Bulgarien, vol.4 1905, Burgas, vol.4 1905, Filippopel (Plovdiv) vol.8 1908, Russe (hist. Rustschuk) vol.23 1916, Sofia, vol.26 1917, Tirnova, vol.29 1919, Varna, vol.31 1921, Viddin, vol.32 1921, in Swedish, posted by Project Runeberg
Religious Articles Bulgaria, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1908 edition
Article Bulgaria, Philippopolis, Sofia, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906
Economic Gülich, Gustav von, Geschichtliche Darstellung des Handels, der Gewerbe und des Ackerbaus der bedeutenden handeltreibenden Staaten unserer Zeit (Historical Description of Trade, Industry and Agriculture of the Important Trading States of Our Time), Jena : Frommann 6 vol.s 1830-1845, chapter : Die Moldau, die Walachei und Bulgarien, vol.4 1844 pp.306-309, in German, posted by DTBSWS
W.H. Weed, The Copper Mines of the World 1907, Bulgaria p.89
Geographical Bulgaria, pp.154-156 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c. 1910, GB
Historical Bulgarien, pp.578-584 in vol.4 of F. Rehm, Handbuch der Geschichte des Mittelalters, 1837, in German, GB
Other Bradshaw's railway manual, shareholders' guide and official directory for 1864 (vol.16) : Danube and Black Sea, p.331, for 1867 (vol.19) : Danube and Black Sea, p.364, Varna, pp.391-392, p.421, GB
Article : Bulgarische Staatseisenbahnen, from Röll, Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens (Encyclopedia of Railroads) 2nd ed. 1912-1923, in German
Parliamentary Debates
Tour Guides, Travelogues
Institutions Archives Repositories of Primary Sources : Europe : Bulgaria, from Univ. of Idaho. Mostly Archive Webpages, 2 entries
National Archives of Bulgaria, from ArchivesWiki
Musea Lists, Links Category : Museums in Bulgaria, from Wikipedia
Musea Museum Websites National Museum of History
Monuments Category : Monuments and memorials in Bulgaria, from Wikipedia
UNESCO World Heritage Site, List (search for Bulgaria), Tentative Lists : Bulgaria
Showcaves : Bulgaria
Categories : Windmills in Bulgaria, from Wikimedia Commons
Libraries St. St. Cyril and Methodius National Library
Libraries in Bulgaria, from LibDex
History of the Bulgarian National Library, from The European Library
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry; Symbols of Sovereignty, from Republic of Bulgaria, Council of Ministers; National Anthem, from National Anthems Net
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Bulgaria, from World Currency Museum; from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Coin Catalog of Bulgaria, from Numismaticon; Bulgarian Currency 1974-1991, by Kirol Douhalev (coins, banknotes); Numismatic Collections of Coins : Bulgaria (coins since 1912; bilingual page Russian-English)
Coins of the Bulgarian Empire (1186-1393), from The Maskukat Collection
Bulgaria Coins, from Don's World Coin Gallery, from Numista; from ColNect; from OmniCoin
Bulgaria, from Encyclopedia of Small Silver Coins
Search Coin Archives for Bulgaria
Stamps Rare Bulgarian Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamp Gallery; Stamps Bulgaria 1879-1915, Bulgaria 1916-1920, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on Bulgaria survey of bibliographies Reference Sources on Bulgarian History, from University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, University Library
bibliographic database EBSEES (European Bibliography of Slavic and East European Studies)
general bibliographies pp.499-636 in Raymond Detrez, Historical Dictionary of Bulgaria, Lanham Md. : Scarecrow 2006, KMLA Library R 949.9003 D 483h
Bulgaria, from The Online Books Page
The Southern Slavs, no.3515-4521 in R.J. Kerner, Slavic Europe; a selected bibliography in the Western European languages, comprising history, languages and literatures, 1918, IA
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies Bibliography on Bulgarian-Speaking Muslims (Pomaks) / Conversions to Islam, by Ali Eminov
serial publications Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Historical Studies, Publications
American Research Center in Sofia, Publications
general bibliographies
Bulgaria entries
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
on Bulgaria Central and Eastern European Online Library
Bulgarian National Library : Digital Library; access requires registration
Online Journals full text online Revue des Etudes Slaves 1921-2005, Persee
Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Balcanica 1970-1994
Etudes Balkaniques 2002-2005; summaries 1994-2001
Balkanologie 1997-2011
Venets. The Belogradchik Journal for Local History, Cultural History and Folk Studies 2010-
Table of Contents
Istorichesko Budeshte (Historical Future), Bulgarian-language magazine on history; website has English-language summaries of articles
Historiography Article : Bulgarian Historiography, by R. Detrez, pp.116-118 in vol.1 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998
General Accounts On Central, Eastern Europe Adrian Webb, The Longman Companion to Central and Eastern Europe since 1919, London etc.: Longman 2002 [G]
Andre Gerolymatos, The Balkan Wars. Conquest, Revolution and Retribution from the Ottoman Era to the Twentieth Century and Beyond, NY : Basic Books 2002
Dimitri Obolensky, The Byzantine Commonwealth. Eastern Europe 500-1453, Crestwood NY : St. Vladimir's Seminary Press 1971 [G]
On Bulgaria R.J. Crampton, A Concise History of Bulgaria, Cambridge Concise Histories 1997, KMLA Lib.Sign. 949.7 C889a
Article : Bulgaria, pp.623-636, in : Encyclopaedia Britannica, 15th edition, Macropaedia vol.14, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862n v.14
Specific Topics Bulgaria, pp.68-76, in : Derek H. Aldcroft, Europe's Third World. The European Periphery in the Interwar Years. Leicester : UP 2006, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 940.09724 A357e
Historical Dictionaries Raymond Detrez, Historical Dictionary of Bulgaria, Lanham Md. : Scarecrow 2006, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 949.9003 D 483h
Statistical Data IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics. Europe 1750-1988, NY : Stockton Press 1992 [G]
Article : Bulgaria, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.212-214, 2nd ed. 1978 pp.212-214, 4th ed. 1984 pp.212-214 [G]
Yearbook Entries Britannica Book of the Year 1913 pp.1034-1035, 1942 pp.128-129, 1943 p.136, 1944 pp.137-139, 1945 pp.135-136, 1946 pp.158-159, 1947 pp.162-163, 1948 pp.150-151, 1949 pp.137-138, 1950, pp.137-138, 1951, pp.133-134, 1952, pp.131-132, 1953, pp.132-133, 1954, p.134, 1955, pp.191-192, 1956, pp.129-130, 1957, p.189, 1958, p.127, 1959, p.129, 1960, pp.128-129, 1961, pp.126-127, 1962, p.114, 1963, pp.230-231, 1964, pp.204-205, 1965, pp.201-202, 1966, pp.159-160, 1967, pp.181-182, 1968, p.179, 1969, pp.180-181, 1970 pp.179-180, 1971 pp.173-174, 1972 pp.159-160, 1973 pp.156-157, 1974 pp.163-164, 1975 pp.148-149, 1976 p.176, 1977 p.179, 1978 pp.232-233, 1979 p.230, 1980 p.227, 1981 p.225, 1982 p.225, 1983 p.222, 1984 pp.218-219, 1985 pp.547-548, 646, 1986 pp.542, 642, 1987 pp.513, 611, 1988 pp.468-469, 563, 1989 pp.469, 563, 1990 pp.485-486, 579, 1991 pp.468-469, 563, 1992 pp.420-421, 563, 1993 pp. 429, 573, 1994 pp. 428, 573, 1995 pp. 384, 573, 1996 pp.382, 573, 1997 pp.401-402, 571, 2002 pp.399, 568 [G]
Statesman's Year-Book 1889 pp.544-549, 1895 pp.1032-1036, 1898 pp.1032-1038, 1039-1041; 1901 pp.1141-1148 ; 1902 pp.1152-1159, 1904 pp.1214-1222, 1905 pp.1237-1245; 1906 pp.1479-1487, 1907 pp.1546-1553, 1910 pp.668-674, 1918 pp.726-734, 1919 pp.723-731, 1924 pp.716-724, 1925 pp.727-735, 1926 pp.705-714, 1928 pp.715-723, 1929 pp.708-717, 1932 pp.714-723, 1937 pp.748-757, 1942 pp.754-762, 1943 pp.751-758, 1961-1962 pp.862-871, 1970-1971 pp.777-784, 1973-1974 pp.788-796, 1975-1976 pp.789-796, 1976-1977 pp.796-803, 1978-1979 pp.239-245, 1979-1980 pp.238-244, 1980-1981 pp.239-245, 1981-1982 pp.244-251, 1982-1983 pp.245-252, 1983-1984 pp.242-249, 1984-1985 pp.241-248, 1985-1986 pp.240-247, 1986-1987 pp.242-249, 1987-1988 pp.242-248, 1988-1989 pp.241-247, 1989-1990 pp.243-249, 1990-1991 pp.243-249, 1991-1992 pp.243-249, 1992-1993 pp.243-249, 1993-1994 pp.243-249, 1994-1995 pp.237-243, 1995-1996 pp.229-235, 1996-1997 pp.245-251, 1997-1998 pp.250-256, 1998-1999 pp.278-285, 2000 pp.333-340, 2001 pp.322-328, 2002 pp.337-344, 2003 pp.335-341, 2004 pp.336-342, 2005 pp.331-337, 2006 pp.328-334, 2007 pp.236-241, 2008 pp.233-238 [G]
(New) Int'l Yearbook 1898 pp.141-143, 1899 pp.143-144; 1900 pp.149-151, 1907 pp.120-122; 1908 pp.111-113; 1909 pp.114-116; 1913 pp.121-124, 1916 pp.104-106, 1918 pp.101-103, 1919 pp.120-122, 1920 pp.108-111, 1921 pp.107-109, 1923 pp.110-113, 1924 pp.114-116, 1925 pp.112-14, 1926 pp.122-124, 1928 pp.119-121, 1929 pp.130-132, 1930 pp.119-121; 1931 pp.127-129, 1932 pp.121-122; 1933 pp.114-116; 1934 pp.105-107, 1935 pp.106-107, 1938 pp.110-112, 1939 pp,98-100, 1940 pp.96-98, 1941 pp.86-88, 1942 pp.97-99, 1943 pp.86-88, 1944 pp.87-89, 1945 pp.89-93, 1947 pp.109-111
Americana Annual 1927 pp.132-133; 1928 pp.120-121; 1930 pp.133-136; 1931 pp.129-131; 1932 pp.125-127; 1933 pp.119-121; 1934 pp.120-121; 1935 pp.114-116, 1936 pp.104-105; 1937 pp.92-93; 1938 pp.92-93; 1939 pp.100-101, 1940 pp.89-90, 1941 pp.88-90, 1943 pp.117-118, 1944 pp.112-113, 1945 pp.120-121, 1946 pp.131-132, 1947 pp.107-108, pp.542-546, 1950 pp.95-97, 1951 pp.92-94, 1952 pp.94-96, 1953 pp.91-93, 1954 pp.91-93, 1957 pp.110-112, 1958 pp.108-110, 1959 pp.105-107, 1960 pp.1-5-106, 1961 pp.99-101, 1962 pp.98-99, 1963 pp.105-107, 1964 pp.106-107, 1965 pp.128, 1966 pp.131-133, 1967 pp.135-136, 1968 pp.126-127, 1969 pp.138-139, 1970 pp.142-143, 1971 pp.166-167, 1972 pp.168-169, 1973 pp.162-163, 1974 p.148, 1975 pp.156-157, 1976 p.146, 1977 p.137, 1978 p.132, 1979 p.138, 1980 p.146, 1981 p.163, 1983 pp.145-146, 1984 pp.150-151, 1985 p.150, 1986 p.148, 1987 pp.150-151, 1988 p.256, 1989 pp.152-153, 1990 pp.150-151, 1992 pp.162-163, 1993 pp.156-157, 1994 pp.156-157, 1995 p.152, 1996 p.165, 1998 p.158, 2000 p.171, 2001 p.161, 2002 p.120, 2005 p.92, 2006 p.89, 2008 p.130 [G]
YB on Int'l Communist Affairs 1973 pp.11-16, 1974 pp.11-15, 1976 pp.10-17, 1978 pp.10-15, 1979 pp.9-18, 1980 pp.11-19, 1984 pp.302-312, 1988 pp.245-253, 1989 pp.297-305
Other Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia and Register of Important Events 1886 pp.99-110, 1894 pp.75-78 [G]
Funk & Wagnalls New Standard Encyclopedia Year Book 1932 pp.131-132, 1933 pp.99-100, 1934 pp.114-116, 1935 pp.105-107, 1936 pp.92-94, 1937 pp.90-92, 1938 pp.92-94, 1939 pp.82-84, 1940 pp.78-79, 1941 pp.83-85, 1942 pp.74-76, 1943 pp.83-85, 1944 pp.58-60, 1946, pp.85-86, 1952 p.80, 1961 p.52, 1983 p.94 [G]

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