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Bulgaria Turkey
First posted on March 22nd 2002, last revised on December 4th 2011

In Antiquity Greece was a cultural entity, divided in a number of competing political entities. Then part of the Roman Empire, Christianity being introduced in the 1st century AD and made sole state religion in 395 AD. The Roman Empire split in two in 395 AD; the (Eastern) Roman Empire, by Historians referred to as the Byzantine Empire (capital : Constantinople, language of administration : Greek, official religion : Greek Orthodox), lasted until 1453 AD. Immigration of Slavs and Vlachs from the 6th century onward. In 1204-1261 interlude of the Latin Empire (a crusader state; Catholic Church attempted to coerce the Orthodox population to convert to Catholicism). Byzantine Empire restored, but crusader states in mainland Greece, islands held by Venetians, Genoese, Knights of St. John. In the 14th and 15th century the Ottoman Empire conquered most of these polities; the Byzantine capital Constantinople fell in 1453.
The Greek Orthodox community formed a millet in the Ottoman Empire.
Following the Greek Rebellion 1821, an independent Kingdom of Greece was established in 1829/1832. In 1864 Greece annexed the Ionian Islands, in 1881 Thessaly, in 1912/1913 Crete, Samos, Chios, Lesbos and other Aegean islands as well as parts of the Ottoman pashaliks of Janina and Salonica. In 1919 Western Thrace was annexed. The attempt to gain Eastern Thrace and the region around Smyrna was foiled in the Graeco-Turkish War 1920-1923; also Greece had to give up its claim on Northern Epirus (to Albania). In 1947 the Dodecanese Islands weree annexed.

Greece since 1989, Greece 1974-1989, Greece 1967-1974, Greece 1949-1967, Greece 1944-1949, Greece 1940-1944, Greece 1935-1940, Greece 1924-1935, Greece 1918-1924, Greece 1914-1918, Greece 1897-1914, Greece 1863-1897, Greece 1832-1863, Greece 1822-1832, Greece 1790-1822, Greece 1715-1790

Timelines : Elayet of the White Sea Islands, Morea (Peloponnese) since 1204 , Livadia (Athens, Thebes) since 1204, Thessaly since 1204, Aegaean Islands since 1204, Ionian Islands since 1204, Crete since 1204, Dodecanese Islands since 1204, Samos since 1204
Historical Dictionary : Greece
Historical Atlas : Greece Page
List of Wars : Greece

Students' Paper : Han, Changhee, The Greek Civil War (2007)

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles Current from Eurodata; from BBC Country Profiles; from World Desk Reference ; from Nations Encyclopedia, from Wikipedia, from CIA World Factbook
Historic Lest We Forget that Noble and Immortal Nation Greece, published by Greek War Relief Association 1943, posted by A History of Greece
G.F. Abbott, Greece in evolution. Studies prepared under the auspices of the French League for the Defence of the rights of Hellenism, 1910, IA
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL
Category : Greece, from Wikipedia
on History from Virtual Library History; from Virtual Library Labour History; from Virtual Library Economic and Business History
Greek History Resources, by Yioulepp
Category : History of Greece, from Wikipedia
Historical Dictionaries click here
Pomak Dictionary, by N. Kokkas
Glossary of the Greek Military Junta, from Wikipedia
Organizations Panhellenic Association of Philologists (P.E.F.), from Euroclio
Hellenic Historical and Genealogical Association
Hellenic Numismatic Society
The Archaeological Society at Athens
Society for Modern Greek Studies, UK
Institute for Byzantine and Modern Greek Studies, Massachusetts
Modern Greek Studies Association, USA/Canada
Centre for Asia Minor Studies, Athens
Academy of Athens, Research Centre for Medieval and Modern Hellenism
Academy of Athens, Research Center for the History of Greek Law
Academy of Athens, Research Centre for the Study of Modern Greek History
Timelines from timelines.ws, from BBC News
Accounts of History General Hellenic History on the Internet, from Foundation of the Hellenic World; Historical Settings, from gogreece.com; Article History of Modern Greece, from Wikipedia; History of Modern Greece, from Mlahanas
Historical Setting, from Go Greece
Historical J.E. Tennent, The history of modern Greece: From its conquest by the Romans B.C. 146, to the present time, vol.1 1830, vol.2 1830, GB
Anon., The history of modern Greece: with a view of the geography, antiquities and the present condition of that country, 1833, GB
Specific Periods Article : First Hellenic Republic, 1822-1832, from Wikipedia
Article : Kingdom of Greece, 1832-1924, 1935-1941, 1944-1973, from Wikipedia
Article : Second Hellenic Republic 1924-1935, from Wikipedia
Article : Megali Idea, from Wikipedia
Article : 4th of August Regime, 1936-1941, from Wikipedia
Article : Axis Occupation of Greece during World War II, from Wikipedia
Article : Greek Civil War 1946-1949, from Wikipedia
Article : Greek Military Junta 1967-1974, from Wikipedia
Venizelos and the Asia Minor Catastrophe, from Matt Barrett's A History of Greece
The Rise of the Junta in Greece, from Matt Barrett's A History of Greece
F. Smitha, Democracy and Dictatorship in Greece
Article : Metapolitefsi, from Wikipedia
Politics Links Political Resources on the Net : Greece; Governments on the WWW : Greece; Category : Politics of Greece
General Article Politics of Greece, from Wikipedia
Institutions History of the Constitution, from Hellenic Parliament
Article Constitutional History of Greece, from Wikipedia; Greek Constitutions, from Greece Index; The Constitutional History of Greece, in the Balkan Context, by George Katrougalos
Parties, Movements Greece : The Party System in 1950-1956 and 1956-1962, 1963-2000, from Kenneth Janda, Political Parties, A Cross-National Survey
Article : Panhellenistic Socialist Movement, from Wikipedia
Article : Communist Party of Greece, from Wikipedia
Political Histtory
Foreign Relations Category : Bilateral Relations of Greece, from Wikipedia
Article : Greek-Turkish Relations, from Wikipedia
Article : Greco-Bulgarian Relations, from Wikipedia
Article : Greek-Serbian Relations, from Wikipedia
Article : Greece-United Kingdom Relations, from Wikipedia
Military see here
Article Military History of Greece, from Wikipedia
Die Wehrkraft : Moldau, Walachei, Serbien, Montenegro und Griechenland (1871) in German, posted on Internet Archive
Article : Greco-Turkish War of 1919-1922, from Wikipedia
Balkan Military History
Economy & Finances General Article : Economy of Greece, from Wikipedia
Specific Periods Article : Economic History of Greece and the Greek World : Modern Greece, from Wikipedia
Economic History of Greece, from Nafpaktos; focus on period since 1960
Article : Greek Economic Miracle, from Wikipedia
The Marshall Plan in Greece, from Go Greece
Foreign Capital and Greek Development in a Historical Perspective (1993), by Margarita Dritsas
J.L. Comstock, History of the Greek revolution, 1828, GB
E. Blaquiere, The Greek Revolution: its origin and progress, 1824, GB
S. Xenos, East and West, a diplomatic history of the annexation of the Ionian islands , 1865, GB
Currency & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Greece
Economic Institutions Article : Athens Stock Exchange, from Wikipedia
About the Chamber, from Athens Chamber of Commerce
Mining & Metal Industry Leda Papastefanaki, Gender, Division of Labour and Technology in Greece : The Cases of Cotton and Mining Industry, 1870-1940, IEHC 2006
Mines and Communities : Greece
Textile Industry Leda Papastefanaki, Gender, Division of Labour and Technology in Greece : The Cases of Cotton and Mining Industry, 1870-1940, IEHC 2006
Agriculture Catherine Bregianni, Some Rural Myths of the Greek Authoritarianism : Cooperative Policy and Ideological Perception of Agriculture 1936-1940, IEHC 2006
Trade & Shipping Market-Embedded Clans in Theory and History : Diaspora Trading Companies in the Nineteenth Century, by Ioanna Pepelasis Minoglou and Stavros Ioannides, Business and Economic History On-Line 2 2004
The History of Greek Shipping, by Spyros M. Polemis
Nineteenth-Century Greek Port Towns. History, Historiography and Comparison. The Case of the Marine Insurance Companies, by Sakis Gekas (2004)
Greece, p.331-343 in vol.3 of E. Flagg, Report on the Commercial Relations of the United States with All Foreign Nations, 1857, GB
Social History Margaret Poulos, Arms and the Woman : Just Warriors and Greek Feminist Identity, diss. Columbia UP n.d.
Ethnography General Languages of Greece (14), from Ethnologue; Minority Languages by State, from Euromosaic, for Greece files on Albanian, Bulgarian, Macedonian, Turkish, Walachian
World Culture Encyclopedia : Europe, click Cretans, Cyclades, Greeks, Greek-Speaking Jews of Greece, Ionians, Peloponnesians, Sarakatsani, Tsakonians, Vlachs
Minorities in Greece, from Greek Helsinki Group
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Greece
Greece, pp.363-371 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Greece, pp.2465-2536 in vol.4A of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Albanians Greeks of Albania and Albanians in Greece, from Greek Helsinki Monitor
Aromanians/Vlachs Aromanians (Vlachs) in Greece, from Balkan Human Rights Web Page
Macedonians Macedonian Minority in Greece, from Florina
Roma The Situation of the Roma in Greece, by Cia Rinne
Turks Erik-Jan Zürcher, Greek and Turkish Refugees and Deportees 1912-1924, posted by Leiden Project (2003)
Hikmet Öksüz, The Representation of the Western Thracian Turkish Minority in the Greek Parliament, in : Turkish Review of Balkan Studies 2003 pp.135-152
Hikmet Öksüz, The Reasons for Immigration from Western Thrace to Turkey (1923-1950), in : Turkish Review of Balkan Studies 2004 pp.250-278
Article : Population Exchange between Greece and Turkey, from Wikipedia
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Greece, from Kirken i Norge
Article Greek Church, from Catholic Encyclopedia, 1909 edition
Virtual Jewish History Tour : Greece, from Jewish Virtual Library; Greece, from International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
History of the (Greek Catholic) Greek Church, from Eastern Catholic Pastoral Association of Southern California
Article Islam in Greece, from Wikipedia
International Religious Freedom Report 2003 : Greece, from U.S. Department of State
Category Monasteries in Greece, from Wikipedia
The Muslim Minority of Greek Thrace, from HR Net
The Church of Greece, pp.16-18 in M.G. Dampier, The organization of the Orthodox Eastern churches 1910, IA
History of Regions Crete, Dodecanese, Ionian Islands, Samos, Western Thrace
Departments of Greece, from www.statoids.com
Theofanis Malkidis, The Agricultural Society and Tourism in Greece : The Case of the Island of Samothrace, in : Turkish Review of Balkan Studies 2003 pp.153-175
Local History Articles History of Athens, Alexandroupoli : History, Corinth : History, Ioannina : History, Kavala : History, Larissa : History, Naupactus : History, History of Patras, Serres : History, Sparti, Thessaloniki (Salonica) : History, Volos : History, from Wikipedia
Institutions History of Flight : Greece, from Flight 100; Greece, from Airline History
History of Train and Rail Travel in Greece, from Harry's Greece Travel Guide
Elliniki Radiofonia Tileorasi, from Wikipedia
History of the University of Athens; List of Universities in Greece; Article Academy of Athens (Modern), from Wikipedia
Structurae : Greece; Search Lighthouse Explorer for Greece; List of Hydroelectric Power Stations, from Wikipedia, scroll down for Greece
Culture Article Modern Greek, from Wikipedia
Article Modern Greek Literature, from Wikipedia
Article Music of Greece, from Wikipedia; A Brief History of Greek Music, from Hellenic Communication Service
Article Modern Greek Art, from Wikipedia
Article Cinema of Greece, from Wikipedia
Articles Super League Greece, Greece at the Olympics, from Wikipedia
Biographies Famous Greeks, from D'Addezio, List of Greeks from Wikipedia
Nobel Laureates by Country : Greece, from Wikipedia
Biographies, from History of Greece
K. Kairophylas, Eleftherios Venizelos, his life and work, 1915, IA
Others Alcohol and Drugs History Society : Greece
History of the Greek Vegetarian Societies, from IVU
A Concise History of the Grand Lodge of Greece, by Ioannis A. Souvaliotis
Disaster History by Country : Natural Disasters, Greece, from Relief Web, Category : Disasters in Greece, from Wikipedia
Palearctic Ecoregion, from WWF

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from Regnal Chronologies (Southern Balkans); from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Titles of European Hereditary Rulers : Greece
Lists of Ambassadors List of Ambassadors from the United Kingdom to Greece, 1833-, from Wikipedia; Deutsche Botschafter in Athen , from Wikipedia German Edition
Article : United States Ambassador to Greece, from Wikipedia ; Canadian Ambassadors to Greece 1945-, from MOFA Canada; Embajadores de Mexico en Grecia, from Acervo Historico Diplomatico
Chinese Ambassadors to Greece, from PRC MOFA
Lists of Consuls The Political Graveyard : Greece, has incomplete list of U.S. Consuls
Lists of Bishops Hierarchs of the Orthodox Church, from Orthodox Research Institute
Statistical Data Responsible Institution National Statistical Service of Greece
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Greece, from Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
Historical Abortion Statistics - Greece, from Johnston's Archive
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Federal Reserve (U.S.) : Foreign Exchange Rates, Historic
Election Results from Psephos (since 1996); from IFES Election Guide
from Electoral Geography 2.0
Documents Historical Newspapers Official Gazettes Flare, Union List of Official Gazettes, Greece
Hemerotheques Digital Collection : Newspapers, from National Library of Greece
ICON, International Coalition on Newspapers, Newspaper Digitization Projects, scroll down for Greece
Selected Articles The History of the Hellenic Republic, from World History Archive
Historical Magazines Life Magazine, GB
Mussolini tries to "break Greece" but gets rocked back on his heels, Dec.2 1940; Ioannina, the Hades of Greece, Dec.23 1940; Fighting Greeks get British men and guns and Italian prisoners, Jan.6 1941; Greeks push boldly on in Albania, Mar.3 1941; Hitler launches Balkan offensive against Yugoslavia, Greece and the British Army Apr.14 1941; Incidents of Retreat in Greece, May 5 1941; Pictures from Crete and Greece show German air and parachute attack, Jun.30 1941; Famine and death ride into Greece at the heels of the Nazi conquest, Aug.3 1942; Liberastion will find : The Greeks are ready, Sep.4 1944; What the Germans did to Greece, Nov.27 1944
Civil War breaks out in Greece, Dec.25 1944; Parley in Greece, Jan.15 1945; The Lesson of Greece, Feb. 5 1945; Greek Election, Apr.22 1946; Greek Guerillas, Jan.6 1947; Threat to Greece, Mar.17 1947; Greek Skirmishes, Jul.28 1947; The Greek People in the Long War, Sep.13 1948; Embattled Democracy, May 9 1960; Greece mourns, a new king inherits a crisis, Mar.27 1964; Greek Coup seen from a Window May 5 1967
Modern Newspapers links from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers
Online Yearbooks - Greece Entries Statesman's Year-Book, Entry : Greece vol.1 1864 pp.283-295, GB, vol.2 1865 pp.289-300, GB, vol.3 1866 pp.301-311, GB, vol.4 1867 pp.310-322, GB, vol.5 1868 pp.310-322, GB, vol.6 1869 pp.310-322, GB
Annuario pontificio 1721, 1722, 1723, 1724, 1726, 1728, 1729, 1731, 1732, 1733, 1734, 1735, 1736, 1737, 1739, 1740, 1741, 1742, 1744, 1746, 1749, 1750, 1751, 1752, 1753, 1755, 1756, 1757, 1759, 1760, 1762, 1763, 1764, 1766, 1767, 1770, 1771, 1773, 1775, 1776, 1779, 1781, 1783, 1785, 1786, 1787, 1788, 1789, 1790, 1791, 1795, 1796, 1802, 1806, 1822, 1833, 1834, 1835, 1836, 1837, 1838, 1840, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1845, 1846, 1851, 1853, 1854, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, 1868, 1869, in Italian, GB; search for Grecia, Atene
Films George C. Marshall Motion Pictures
Films on History/Society Greece Film Archives linked by National Film Preservation Board (U.S.)
Filmarchives Online (Europe-wide); Hellenic National Audiovisual Archive
Greek Film Archive : Digital Archive
Article : Cinema of Greece, from Wikipedia
Historical Movies by Nation : Greece
Greece, from Cinema of the World
List of Greek Films, from Wikipedia; Greece Film, from IMDb
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
Systematic Collections
Corfu Benitses Guide, Greece Old Photos
Military Photos : The Greek Civil War
Thessaloniki Historic Photographs
Accidental Collections Wikimedia Commons : Greece
Universal Collections
Items on Greece
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates of the World
Passports of Greece, from World Passports
Airline Timetable Images : Greece
Archival Deposits Greece Documents, from Central Archive for the History of the Jewish People, Jerusalem
Search CIA Released Documents for Greece
Guide to the Hoover Institution Archives 1980, GB ; search for Greece
Nationaalarchief (NL) : Inventaris van het archief van het Gezantschap Griekenland, (1885) 1894-1941, en van het gedeponeerd archief van het Consulaat-Generaal van Zweden in Athene, 1943-1945; Inventaris van het archief van het gezantschap Athene, (1920) 1940-1954
Constitutions, Laws List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Greece, from ILO, 70 docs. since 1919
Internet Law Library : Greece
Verfassungen Griechenlands (Constitutions of Greece), from verfassungen.de, in German
Search Prassi Italiana di Dirito Internazionale, Indice delle leggi e degli altri atti normativi, for Grecia, 157 entries, in Italian
Treaties General Treaty Collections
Bilateral Treaty Collections Greece, pp.304-460 in vol.8 of Treaties and Other International Agreements of the United States of America 1776-1949, 1971, GB
Australian Treaty Series : Bilateral Treaties - Greece
Griechenland, pp.104-106 in Johann Vesque von P?tlingen, Uebersicht der Verträge Oesterreichs mit den auswärtigen Staaten, 1854, in German, GB
Consular Reports Foreign Relations of the United States 1851-1958/1960
Document Collections European History Primary Sources : Greece
Documents on Greek History, from Eurodocs
Foreign Office (British) : Peace Handbooks (1919-1920), posted on Internet Archive; v. 3. The Balkan states (I), no. 15-18.--v. 4. The Balkan states (II), no. 19-23
Great Britain, Foreign Office, Papers relative to the affairs of Greece, 1826-1832, 1835; several Candia entries
The Cretan Question 1908/1913, from Mt. Holyoke
Historical Maps responsible institutions UNESCO, National Mapping Agencies : Greece : Hellenic Mapping and Cadastral Organisation (HEMCO), Athinai
collections click here
Atlas of Greece, from Wikimedia Commons
Discus Media : The 1900 Collection, Maps from Yesteryear, Greece
Search David Rumsey Map Collection for Greece
Greece Maps, from PCL, UTexas
Category : Maps of the History of Greece, Old Maps of Greece, Wikimedia Commons
Greece, hindsight Europe in the Year 1400, 1500, 1600, 1700, 1800, 1900, 2000, euratlas
Balkans 1815, 1815-1859, 1860-1878, 1878-1912, 1912-1918, 1918-1938, 1938-1945, 1945-2003, J. de Salas Vara del Rey
Greece, Contemporary Greece 1898, 1904, 1905, 1906, 1922, 1930, 1932, 1938, Probert Encyclopedia
detail, Modern
detail, contemporary Athens 1922, 1968, Probert Encyclopedia
entire country, contemporary Category : Old Maps of Greece, from Wikimedia Commons
detail, hindsight/modern
detail, contemporary City Panoramas 19th Century, from Historic Maps, Athens 1860
Historic City and Area Maps, Greece, from Discus Media
Encyclopedia Entries
General Article Greece, Attica, Boeotia, Chios, Crete, Cyclades, Epirus, Euboea, Laconia, Lesbos, Macedonia, Messenia, Peloponnesus, Samos, Thessaly, Athens, Candia, Corinth, Iannina, Larissa, Patras, Salonica, from EB 1911
Articles Griechenland, Epirus, Kreta, Kykladen, Makedonien, Morea, Athen, Janina, Korinth, Livadia, Paträ, Saloniki, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892 edition, in German
Religious Article Greece, Modern Diocese of Athens, Corfu, Candia, from Catholic Encyclopedia 1907-1914 edition
Modern Kingdom of Greece, pp.58-61 in J.M. Neale, A History of the Holy Eastern Church, 1850, GB
Article : Die neugriechische Kirche von Hellas, pp.381-383 in vol.5 of J.J. Herzog, Real-encyclopädie für protestantische Theologie und Kirche, 1856, in German, GB
Article : Greece, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906, GB
Article : Greece : Modern Greece, pp.50-51 in vol.5 of the New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge, 1908-1914, GB
Economic J. Chr. Nelkenbrecher, Allgemeines Taschenbuch der Münz-, Maass- und Gewichtskunde für Banquiers und Kaufleute (General Manual on Coinage, Measurement and Weights, for Bankers and Merchants) Berlin 1832, in German, entries Griechenland, Morea, Patras, posted by DTBSWS
Gülich, Gustav von, Geschichtliche Darstellung des Handels, der Gewerbe und des Ackerbaus der bedeutenden handeltreibenden Staaten unserer Zeit (Historical Description of Trade, Industry and Agriculture of the Important Trading States of Our Time), Jena : Frommann 6 vol.s 1830-1845, chapter : Griechenland, vol.4 1844 pp.174-182, in German, posted by DTBSWS
Ottomar Haupt, Währungs-Politik und Münz-Statistik, Berlin : Walther & Apolant 1884, in German, posted by DTBSWS, chapter Griechenland
Geographical Principality of Wallachia, pp.540-543 in vol.2 of J. Bell, A system of geography, popular and scientific, 1832, GB
The Kingdom of Greece, pp.617-623 in F.H. Ungewitter, Europe, past and present : a comprehensive manual of European geography and history, 1850, GB
Turkey in Europe, Greece and the Ionian Islands, pp.107-119 in Ch. R. Maxwell, An epitome of the military geography of Europe, 1850, GB
Greece, pp.687-707 in Th. Prescott, The Volume of the World, 1855, GB
Greece, pp.1014-1020 in vol.1 of M'Culloch's universal gazetteer , 1855, GB
Article Graekenland, from Stefan Anskjaer, Geografisk-Statistisk Haandbog 1858-1863, in Danish, posted by Project Runeberg
Das Königreich Griechenland pp.206-218 in vol.2 of F.H. Ungewitter, Neueste Erdbeschreibung und Staatenkunde, 1859, in German, GB
Greece pp.264-270 in W. Hughes, A manual of geography, 1861, GB
Greece, pp.313-316 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
Das Königreich Griechenland, pp.321-359 in J.E. Wappäus, Handbuch der Geographie und Statistik von Ost- und Nord-Europa, 1864, in German, GB
Greek Region, pp.389-408 in Th. Lavallee, Physical, historical and military geography, 1868, GB
Greece, pp.159-161 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c.1910, GB
Ethnographical Royaume de Grece, pp.295-300 in X. Heuschling, Manual de statistique ethnographique universelle, 1847, in French, GB
Historical Greece pp.292-312, in vol.2 of S. Maunder, The history of the world: comprising a general history, 1856, GB
Greece, pp.264-269 in M. Whitcomb, A History of Modern Europe, n.d., GB
Other Article : Griechische Eisenbahnen, from Röll, Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens (Encyclopedia of Railroads) 2nd ed. 1912-1923, in German
Parliamentary Debates
Tour Guides, Travelogues Baedeker, Greece, Handbook for Travellers, 1894 ed., 1905 ed., IA
Baedeker, Griechenland, Handbuch für Reisende, 1883 ed., 1908, in German, IA
John Murray, Handbook for Travellers in Greece, 1854 ed., IA
John Murray, A hand-book for travellers in the Ionian Islands, Greece, Turkey, Asia Minor, and Constantinople, 1845 ed., IA
John Murray, Handbook for travellers in Greece, including the Ionian Islands, continental Greece, the Peloponnese, the islands of the Aegean sea, Crete, Albania, Thessaly, & Macedonia; and a detailed description of Athens, ancient and modern, classical and mediaeval, 1884 ed., IA
Institutions Archives Repositories of Primary Sources : Europe : Greece, from Univ. of Idaho. Mostly Archive Webpages, 12 entries
Historical Research in Europe, listing of archives; click Atlas Search, Greece, 26 entries
Foreign Ministry Archives Services of the European Union Member States : Greece, from Consilium Europa
Business Archives in Greece : The Example of the Historic Archives of the National Bank of Greece, by Nikos Pantelakis
Musea Lists, Links Category : Museums in Greece, from Wikipedia
Musea Museum Websites
Monuments Category : Monuments and memorials in Greece, from Wikipedia
UNESCO World Heritage Site, List (search for Greece), Tentative Lists : Greece
Showcaves : Greece
Categories : Windmills in Greece, Watermills in Greece, from Wikimedia Commons
Libraries National Library of Greece
Libraries in Greece, from LibDex
History of the Greek National Library, from The European Library
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry; National Anthem, from National Anthems Net
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Greece, from World Currency Museum, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Numismatic Collections of Coins : Greece (since 1869), bilingual Russian-English page
Greece Coins, from Don's World Coin Gallery
Königreich Griechenland, pp.472-477 in F. Fliessbach, Neueste Münzkunde, 1853, in German, GB
Stamps Rare Greece Stamps, from Sandafayre Stamps Gallery; Stamps of Greece, from Stamps Catalogue 1840-1920 by Evert Klaseboer

Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on Greece survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database EBSEES (European Bibliography of Slavic and East European Studies)
general bibliographies pp.183-256 in Th. Veremes, Historical Dictionary of Greece, Lanham Md. : Scarecrow 1995, KMLA Library R 949.5 V492b
Library of Congress, American Memory, Greece Bibliography
Greece, from The Online Books Page
Article : Bibliography of Greece, from Wikipedia
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies T.E. Gregory, A Select Biubliography of Modern Greek History
General Bibliography on the Holocaust in Greece, from United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Greek Genocide 1914-1923 : Bibliography
serial publications Centre for Asia Minor Studies, Publications
Institute for Byzantine & Modern Greek Studies, Publications (on Modern Greece)
Academy of Athens, Center of Research into the History of Modern History [!]
general bibliographies
Greece entries
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
on Greece Central and Eastern European Online Library
Myriobiblos, Etext Library of the Church of Greece
ANEMI, Digital Library of Modern Greek Studies
Academy of Athens, Digital Historical Resources
Online Journals full text online Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Balcanica 1970-1994
Etudes Balkaniques 2002-2005; summaries 1994-2001
Balkanologie 1997-2011
Table of Contents
Historiography Article : Greek Historiography - Modern, by P.M. Kitronilides, pp.378-381, in vol.1 of A Global Encyclopedia of Historical Writing, NY 1998 [G]
General Accounts Richard Clogg, A Concise History of Greece, Cambridge : UP 1992, KMLA Lib.Sign. 949.5 C643a
Article Greece, in : Encyclopaedia Britannica, Macropaedia, 15th edition, vol.20 pp.178-205, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 032 B862n v.20
Dimitri Obolensky, The Byzantine Commonwealth. Eastern Europe 500-1453, Crestwood NY : St. Vladimir's Seminary Press 1971 [G]
Economic History
Regional, Urban History Mark Mazower, Salonica. City of Ghosts. Christians, Muslims and Jews 1430-1950, NY : Alfred A. Knopf 2006, KMLA Lib.Sign. 949.565 M476s
Robin Waterfield, Athens. From Ancient Ideal to Modern City, NY : Basic Books 2004, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 949.512 W325a; contrary to what the title promises, the text ends with Greek independence (1830).
Specific Periods Dimitri Gondicas and Charles Issawi (ed.), Ottoman Greeks in the Age of Nationalism, Princeton : Darwin Press 1999
Greece, pp.144-154, in : Derek H. Aldcroft, Europe's Third World. The European Periphery in the Interwar Years. Leicester : UP 2006, KMLA Lib. Call Sign 940.09724 A357e
Evangelos Averoff-Tossizza, By Fire and Axe. The Communist Party and the Civil War in Greece, 1944-1949, Bew Rochelle NY : Caratzas Brothers 1978 [G] Mark Mazower (ed.), After the War Was Over. Reconstructing the Family, Nation, and State in Greece 1943-1960, Princeton : UP 2000 [G]
Andre Gerolymatos, The Balkan Wars. Conquest, Revolution and Retribution from the Ottoman Era to the Twentieth Century and Beyond, NY : Basic Books 2002
Stephen Runciman, The Great Church in Captivity, Cambridge : UP (1968) 2008 [G]
Historical Dictionaries Th. Veremes, Historical Dictionary of Greece, Lanham Md. : Scarecrow 1995, KMLA Lib.Sign. R 949.5 V492b

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