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Rumelia Kingdom of Hungary
First posted on November 20th 2003, last revised on January 7th 2012

Slavic migration into the region south of the Danube from the 6th century onward. Conversion to Orthodox Christianity in the later 9th century. With the decline of the Byzantine Empire emergence of Serb states in the 11th century. Serbian Kingdom established in 1217, Serbian Orthodox Church separated from Greek Orthodox Church in 1219. Ottoman conquest 1459.
Two Serbian uprisings against Ottoman rule in 1804 and 1815 resulted in the establishment of the Principality of Serbia (autonomous within the Ottoman Empire, capital Belgrade), which in 1882 was elevated to the now independent Kingdom of Serbia. Territorial expansion in 1833, 1878 and 1912/1913.
In 1918, Serbia became part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes (SHS), which in 1929 was renamed Kingdom of Yugoslavia. Click here for the modern Republic of Serbia.

This page refers to the Principality / Kingdom of Serbia 1817-1918.

The Principality of Serbia as established in 1817 had a comparatively homogeneous population (by the standards of the Ottoman Empire), the vast majority consisting of Orthodox Serbs. Territorial acquisitions made in 1913 brought into the Kingdom of Serbia considerable numbers of Albanians (in Kosovo and Macedonia, many of whom were Muslims) as well as Macedonians (partly Orthodox, partly Muslim, some Catholic).
On the other hand, by 1914 considerable numbers of Serbs lived in Montenegro, Dalmatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, in Croatia-Slavonia and in the Kingdom of Hungary.

In contemporary English, French, German, Italian language sources, the country is referred to as Servia.

Serbia 1914-1918
Serbia 1878-1914

Serbia 1848-1878
Serbia 1817-1848
Serbia 1789-1817
Serbia 1660-1789
Serbia 1459-1660
Serbia 1204-1459
Serbia prior to 1204

Historical Atlas, Serbia Page
List of Wars : Serbia

Rumelia, Ottoman Empire
Rumelia, Ottoman Empire
Rumelia, Ottoman Empire
Rumelia, Ottoman Empire
Rumelia, Ottoman Empire

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
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Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles Modern from Wikipedia
Historical W. Denton, Servia and the Servians, 1862, GB
The Case of Servia, by a Serb, 1862, GB
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL; from SSEES; COBISS/OPAC Virtual Library of Serbia
Category : Serbia, from Wikipedia
on History from Virtual Library History
Category : History of Serbia, from Wikipedia
Organizations on the Balkan Lord Byron Foundation for Balkan Studies
Institute for Balkan Studies (Greece), Institute for Balkan Studies & Thracology (Bulgaria), Institute for Balkan Studies (Serbia)
on Serbia Serbian Genealogical Society
Serbian Heraldry Society (in Serbian)
Royal Historical Society of Sombor
Serbian Coin Club "Vidovdan"
Historical Dictionaries Online Encyclopedia of Serbia, from Serbia Info
Timelines Timeline from BBC News, from timelines.ws
Detailed Timeline, from Serbian Unity Congress
Accounts of History Modern Articles History of Serbia, History of the Serbs, from Wikipedia
History of Serbia and Montenegro, by Serbian Orthodox Diocese of Raska and Prizren
Historical L. von Ranke, The history of Servia, and the Servian revolution, 1853, GB
Specific Periods Articles : Principality of Serbia, Kingdom of Serbia from Wikipedia
Administration Institutions Article : National Assembly of Serbia : History : 1804-1918, from Wikipedia
Foreign Relations C. Antic, Neutrality as Independence. Great Britain, Serbia and the Crimean War, 2007
S.G. Markovich, Anglophiles in Balkan Christian States (1862-1920) 2009
I. Michaletos, Greek and Serbian Common Historical Perspectives for the Balkan Peninsula
Articles : Austria-Serbia Relations, Romania-Serbia Relations, from Wikipedia
Military Wars of Serbia/Yugoslavia 1800-1999, from ACED; entry Serbia from Military History Encyclopedia on the Web
Belgrade Fortress History, by Branco Rabotic
Die Wehrkraft : Moldau, Walachei, Serbien, Montenegro und Griechenland (1871) in German, posted on Internet Archive
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Serbia; History of Money in Serbia, from NBS
Article : Belgrade Stock Exchange, from Wikipedia
Article Serbian Wine, from Wikipedia
Serbia, from European Textile Network (historical sites)
Serbia, from Airline History
Social History Alcohol and Drugs History Society : Serbia ans Montenegro
Ethnography Article Serbian Language, from Wikipedia; The Serbian Language, from kwintessential
Literature, from Serbian Unity Congress
Croats and Serbs - Two Old and Different Nations, by Dominik Mandic, translated by Vicko Rendic
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Serbia
Articles Vlachs of Serbia, Romanians of Serbia, Categories : Ethnic Groups in Serbia, Serbian Diaspora, from Wikipedia
Minorities at Risk : Former Communist States, scroll down for Serbia : Roma
Servia, pp.359-361 in G.G. Chisholm, The world as it is; a popular account of the countries and peoples of the earth 1884, IA
Serbia, pp.4545-4608 in vol.6B of J.A. Hammerton, Peoples of All Nations, c.1920, illustrated, IA
Religion Yugoslavia, from Roman Catholic Hierarchy, scroll down for Serbia
Former Yugoslavia : Serbia, from International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
Articles Orthodoxy in Serbia, Serbian Orthodox Church, Islam in Serbia, Jews in Serbia, from Wikipedia
History, from Serbian Orthodox Church
The Church of Servia, pp.27-30 in M.G. Dampier, The organization of the Orthodox Eastern churches 1910, IA
History of Regions Districts of Serbia, Municipalities of Serbia, from www.statoids.com
Local History History of Surdulica by S & M Webteam
Articles : Majdanpek, from Wikipedia
Articles : Timeline of Belgrade History, from Wikipedia
History, from Discover Belgrade, from Belgrade.net
Institutions Article Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, from Wikipedia
Article University of Belgrade, from Wikipedia
Article : Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport, from Wikipedia; Serbia, from Airline History
Structurae : Serbia
Culture Serbski pesme, or, National songs of Servia, 1861, GB
Biographies List of Serbs, from Wikipedia
Others History of Freemasonry in Serbia, from Regular Grand Lodge in Serbia
Category : Disasters in Serbia, from Wikipedia
Articles : Serbia at the Olympics, Football in Serbia, Serbian Basketball Federation, Sport in Serbia, from Wikipedia
Palearctic Ecoregion, from WWF; Category : Environment of Serbia, from Wikipedia

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from Regnal Chronologies
Titles of Hereditary European Rulers : Yugoslavia / Serbia & Montenegro
Articles : Lists of Serbian Monarchs, List of Prime Ministers of Serbia, from Wikipedia
Lists of Consuls The Political Graveyard : Serbia, has incomplete list of U.S. Consuls
Lists of Bishops Hierarchs of the Orthodox Church, from Orthodox Research Institute ; search for Kishinev, Chisinau, Bessarabia
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : (historic) Serbia, from Population Statistics, by Jan Lahmeyer
Documents Historical Newspapers Newspapers and Magazines, from Digital National Library of Serbia
Yearbook Entries
Statesman's Year-Book, Entry : Servia vol.1 1864 pp.523-525, GB, vol.2 1865 pp.517-519, GB, vol.3 1866 pp.520-523, GB, vol.4 1867 pp.509-512, GB, vol.5 1868 pp.509-512, GB, vol.6 1869 pp.509-512, GB
Annuario pontificio 1721, 1722, 1723, 1724, 1726, 1728, 1729, 1731, 1732, 1733, 1734, 1735, 1736, 1737, 1739, 1740, 1741, 1742, 1744, 1746, 1749, 1750, 1751, 1752, 1753, 1755, 1756, 1757, 1759, 1760, 1762, 1763, 1764, 1766, 1767, 1770, 1771, 1773, 1775, 1776, 1779, 1781, 1783, 1785, 1786, 1787, 1788, 1789, 1790, 1791, 1795, 1796, 1802, 1806, 1822, 1833, 1834, 1835, 1836, 1837, 1838, 1840, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1845, 1846, 1851, 1853, 1854, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, 1868, 1869, in Italian, GB; search for Servia, Belgrado
Image Databanks
Archival Deposits Guide to the Hoover Institution Archives 1980, GB ; search for Serbia
Nationaalarchief (NL) : Inventaris van het archief van het Consulaat(-Generaal) te Belgrado, 1891-1920; Gezantschap Zuid-Slavië, 1920-1932 (1940)
Constitutions, Laws Lex Stephani Dusani, 1856, GB
Imbro Tkalac-Ignjatijevic, Das Staatsrecht des Fürstenthums Serbien, 1858, in German, GB
Treaties General Treaty Collections Treaty of London, May 1913, from Wikisource
Bilateral Treaty Collections
Consular Reports
Chamber of Commerce Reports
Document Collections History of Serbia, Primary Documents, from Eurodocs
Documens on Bosnia, posted by Vincent Ferraro
Foreign Office (British) : Peace Handbooks (1919-1920), posted on Internet Archive; v. 3. The Balkan states (I), no. 15-18.--v. 4. The Balkan states (II), no. 19-23
J. Safarik (ed.), Acta archivi Veneti spectantia ad historiam Serborum et reliquorum Slavorum meridionalium, 1-2, 1860, GB
Historical Maps click here
Map : The Changing Shape of Yugoslavia, 1815-1999, from Le Monde Diplomatique
South East Europe History Map Index, from Eliznik
Atlas of Serbia, from Wikimedia Commons
Map : Languages and Peoples on the Balkan Peninsula 1924, from Wikimedia Commons
Map : Belgrade 1905, from PCL, UTexas
Map : Belgrade 1893, from Arhiv Beograda
Map : Belgrade 1695, H. van Loon
Belgrade Maps, from Discus Media
Map : Serbia 1809-1813, Serbia 1817-1918, from Köztes Europa
Encyclopedia Entries
General Note : for articles written at a tim when Kosovo and Macedonia still were part of the Ottoman Empire (until 1912), see under Rumelia
Articles Serbia, Belgrade, Kraguyevats, Nish, Pozharevats, (Britannica 1911 edition) posted by Classic Encyclopedia
Article : Servien, in Brockhaus Conversations-Lexikon 1809-1811, posted by Zeno, in German
Article : Serbien, in : Brockhaus Damen-Conversations-Lexikon 1834-1838, posted by Zeno, in German
Article : Serbien, in Brockhaus Bilder-Conversations-Lexikon 1837-1841, posted by Zeno, in German
Article : Serbien, in Herders Conversations-Lexikon 1854-1858, posted by Zeno, in German
Article : Serbien, in Pierer's Universal-Lexikon 1857-1865, posted by Zeno, in German
Articles Serbien, Belgrad, Kragujewatz, Nisch, Poscharewatz, from Meyers Konversationslexikon, 1885-1892 edition, in German
Article : Serbien, in : Meyers Groses Konversations-Lexikon 1902-1909, posted by Zeno, in German
Article : Serbien, in Nordisk Familjebok 1876-1899 (vol.14 1890), posted by Project Runeberg, in Swedish
Religious Article Servia, from Catholic Encyclopedia
Article : Servia, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906
Servia, pp.69-72 in J.M. Neale, A History of the Holy Eastern Church, 1850, GB
Economic W.H. Weed, The Copper Mines of the World 1907, Servia pp.117-118
Geographical Servia, pp.122-124 in vol.4 of C. Malte-Brun, Universal Geography, 1829, GB
Turkey in Europe, Greece and the Ionian Islands, pp.107-119 in Ch. R. Maxwell, An epitome of the military geography of Europe, 1850, GB
Servia and Bosnia, p.685 in Th. Prescott, The Volume of the World, 1855, GB
Serbien pp.248-250 in F.H. Ungewitter, Neueste Erdbeschreibung und Staatenkunde, 1859, in German, GB
Servia, p.312 in A. Harris, A geographical hand book, 1862, GB
Article : Servien, in Stefan Ankjaer, Geografisk-Statistisk Haandbog, 1858-1863, posted by Project Runeberg, in Danish
Servia, pp.156-157 in J. MacFarlane, Economic geography, c.1910, GB
Historical Servien, pp.560-571 in vol.4 of F. Rehm, Handbuch der Geschichte des Mittelalters, 1837, in German, GB
Other Article : Serbische Eisenbahnen, from Röll, Enzyklopädie des Eisenbahnwesens (Encyclopedia of Railroads) 2nd ed. 1912-1923, in German
Parliamentary Debates
Tour Guides, Travelogues J.H. Skene, The frontier lands of the Christian and the Turk, 1853, GB
Residence Memoirs A.A. Paton, Servia, the youngest member of the european family: or a Residence in Belgrade, 1845, GB
Institutions Archives National Archives, Serbia
Repositories of Primary Sources : Europe : Serbia, from Univ. of Idaho. Mostly Archive Webpages, 5 entries
Musea National Museum in Belgrade
Category : Museums in Serbia, from Wikipedia
Monuments Category : Monuments and Memorials in Serbia, from Wikipedia
Serbia, from Showcaves; lists several historic mines
Category : Windmills in Serbia, Watermills in Serbia, from Wikimedia Commons
Category : Castles in Serbia, from Wikipedia
Monasteries in Serbia, from Marvao Guide
Libraries Libraries in Serbia, from LibDex
History of the Serbian National Library, from The European Library
Official Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flags of Serbia, from FOTW
Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry; from Royaume de Croatie, from Heraldique Europeenne, French-language site
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Serbia, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money
Search Coin Archives for Serbia
Serbian coins, from Numista, from ColNect, from OmniCoin, from Yugocoins
Serbia, from Encyclopedia of Small Silver Coins
V. Radic, Iconography of Imperial coinage of Medieval Serbia
Medieval Balkans, from World of Coins, scroll down for Kingdom/Empire of Serbia
Stamps Article : Postage stamps and postal history of Serbia , from Wikipedia

Bibliography General RHS Bibliography
Search UK National Archive Online Library for Serbia, Servia
Datenbasis Internationale Beziehungen und Länderkunde (Data Base on International Relations and Country Studies), keyword Mauritius (site in German, most titles listed in English; hundreds of entries; publications mostly since 1970)
Search ISBN Database ..
on Serbia Digital National Library of Serbia
Selected Bibliography of English-language Print Resources for Serbia, from Yale Universiy Library Slavic and East European Collecions
Historia Serviae, p.503 in vol.8 of J.D. Reuss, Repertorium commentationum a societatibus litterariis editarum, 1810, GB
Online Libraries General Gutenberg Library Online, Internet Archive
Persee (French search engine)
International Boundary Studies
eScholarship, University of California
on Serbia Central and Eastern European Online Library
Digital National Library of Serbia
Serbian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Balkan Studies, Online Publications
Thesis Server
Online Journals General Directory of Open Access Journals
DOI Serbia, Repository that contains articles from the leading Serbian scientific journals
On Serbia Serbian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Balkan Studies, Balcanica 2001-2006; DOI Serbia : Balcanica 2002-2009
Serbian Academy of Sciences, Institute for Balkan Studies, Revue International des Etudes Balkaniques 1937-1938
General Accounts Francis Dvornik, The Slavs in European History and Civilization, New Brunswick : Rutgers UP 1962 [G]
Dimitri Obolensky, The Byzantine Commonwealth. Eastern Europe 500-1453, Crestwood NY : St. Vladimir's Seminary Press 1971 [G]
Fred Singleton, A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples, Cambridge University Press (1985) 1999
Stephen Clissold (ed.), A Short History of Yugoslavia, Cambridge : UP 1968 [G]
Andre Gerolymatos, The Balkan Wars. Conquest, Revolution and Retribution from the Ottoman Era to the Twentieth Century and Beyond, NY : Basic Books 2002
Stevan K. Pavlovitch, Serbia. The History of an Idea, New York : UP 2002 [G]
Specific Topics Stevan K. Pavlowitch, Anglo-Russian Rivalry in Serbia. The Mission of Colonel Hodges 1837-1839, Den Haag : Mouton 1961 [G]
Historical Dictionaries
Yearbook Entries

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