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First posted on March 28th 2002, last revised on January 7th 2011

Note : (Vardar) Macedonia, as an administrative unit, exists only as from 1944. Files on the earlier history of the region thus describe the history of the territory and population of what was to become the Republic of Macedonia in 1944 (then within the Federative Republic of Yugoslavia) - unless historical sources ae quoted (f.ex. encyclopedias published before 1913). Also external links may apply other definitions of "Macedonia".

Macedonia since 1992

Macedonia 1980-1991
Macedonia 1944-1980
Macedonia 1941-1944
Macedonia 1918-1941

Macedonia 1912-1918

Historical Atlas : Macedonia

Yugoslavia 1980-1992
Yugoslavia 1944-1949, 1949-1968, 1968-1980
Yugoslavia 1941-1945
SHS 1918-1929, Yugoslavia 1929-1941

Serbia 1878-1918

Rumelia 1879-1912
Rumelia 1815-1879

Historical Encyclopedias : Macedonia 1809-1912
Historical Atlas : Yugoslavia, Serbia, Rumelia

Note : many accounts of modern Vardar Macedonian history are biased. User discretion is advised; the webmaster of WHKMLA does not take any responsibility for the contents of the pages listed on this page as posted externally.

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles from BBC Country Profiles; from World Desk Reference ; from Nations Encyclopedia; from Wikipedia; from CIA World Factbook, countries - Macedonia
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL, from SSEES
on History from Virtual Library History; from KODEKS
Organizations History Teachers Association of Macedonia, from Euroclio
Canadian Macedonian Historical Society
St. Cyril and Methodius University in Skopje, Institute of National History
Timelines Timeline, from BBC News
History of Macedonia, many subfiles, Maced. perspective
Accounts of History General Accounts Article History of the Republic of Macedonia, from Wikipedia
The Republic of Macedonia - From a Member State of the Yugoslav Federation to a Sovereign and Independent State, from Council for Research into South-Eastern Europe of the Macedonian Academy of Sciences and Arts (1993)
History of Macedonia, from Macedonia for the Macedonians, Maced. perspective
The Bulgarian Macedonia Page, from Bulgaria Online, Bulg. perspective
A very brief history of Macedonia, from Macedonia FAQ, Greek perspective
from History of Macedonia (pro-Maced., negates Slavic identity of Maced.)
Macedonia Info (Bulg. perspective)
Specific Periods
Politics Political Resources on the Net : Macedonia; Article Politics of Macedonia, from Wikipedia
Macedonia Profile, from International Crisis Group
Military click here
Wars of Macedonia 1800-1999, from ACED
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Macedonia
Social History
Ethnography Languages of Macedonia (8), from Ethnologue
Article Albanians in the epublic of Macedonia, from Wikipedia
V.A. Friedman, The Vlah Minority in Macedonia
Roma in Macedonia, from CEDIMA-SE
Macedonia, from Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre; Macedonia, from European Centre for Minority Issues
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Macedonia
Religion Virtual Jewish History Tour : Macedonia, from Jewish Virtual Library; Former Yugoslavia : Macedonia, from International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
Religions in Macedonia, from Macedonian Culture and Information Centre
International Religious Freedom Report 2003 : Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of, from U.S. Department of State
Yugoslavia, from Roman Catholic Hierarchy, scroll down for Macedonia
History of Regions Municipalities of Macedonia, from www.statoids.com
Local History History of Skopje, from Wikipedia, from Skopje Online
History of Bitola (Monastir), from Wikipedia
History of Ohrid, from Wikipedia, from Ohrid.org
History of Tetovo, from Wikipedia
Institutions History of State University of Tetovo
Macedonia, from Airline History
Structurae : Macedonia
Culture Article F.Y.R. Macedonia at the Olympics, from Wikipedia
Biographies List of (ethnic) Macedonians, from Wikipedia
Famous Macedonians, from Nations Encyclopedia
Chinese Ambassadors to Macedonia, from PRC MOFA
Others Alcohol and Drugs History Society : Macedonia
Palearctic Ecoregion, from WWF

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from Regnal Chronologies, scroll down for Slavic Macedonia; from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated)
Lists of Ambassadors
Statistical Data Responsible Institution State Statistical Office of the Republic of Macedonia
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Macedonia, from Population Statistics, Univ. Utrecht
Historical Abortion Statistics - Macedonia, from Johnston's Archive
Exchange Rates Historical Exchange Rates, from Oanda, since 1990
Federal Reserve (U.S.) : Foreign Exchange Rates, Historic
Inflation Rates Historical Inflation Rates, from Index Mundi, since 2000
Election Results from Psephos (since 1998); from IFES Election Guide
Elections and Electoral Systems around the world : Macedonia, from Area Studies, at Keele
from Electoral Geography 2.0
Documents Historical Newspapers Official Gazettes Flare, Union List of Official Gazettes, Macedonia
Sluzben vesnik na Republika Makedonija
Selected Articles History of the Republic of Macedonia, from World History Archives
Modern Newspapers links from from World Newspapers
Online Yearbooks - Hungary Entries Annuario pontificio 1721, 1722, 1723, 1724, 1726, 1728, 1729, 1731, 1732, 1733, 1734, 1735, 1736, 1737, 1739, 1740, 1741, 1742, 1744, 1746, 1749, 1750, 1751, 1752, 1753, 1755, 1756, 1757, 1759, 1760, 1762, 1763, 1764, 1766, 1767, 1770, 1771, 1773, 1775, 1776, 1779, 1781, 1783, 1785, 1786, 1787, 1788, 1789, 1790, 1791, 1795, 1796, 1802, 1806, 1822, 1833, 1834, 1835, 1836, 1837, 1838, 1840, 1842, 1843, 1844, 1845, 1846, 1851, 1853, 1854, 1856, 1857, 1858, 1863, 1864, 1865, 1866, 1868, 1869, in Italian, GB; search for Scopia
Films on History/Society Macedonia Film Archives linked by National Film Preservation Board (U.S.)
Filmarchives Online (Europe-wide); Macedonian Cinema Information Center
Article : Cinema of the Republic of Macedonia, from Wikipedia
Macedonia, from Cinema of the World
Image Databanks Systematic Collections
Systematic Collections
Accidental Collections
Universal Collections
Items on Macedonia
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates of the World
Passport, from World Passports; scroll down
Airline Timetable Images : Macedonia
Archival Deposits
Constitutions, Laws Internet Law Library : Macedonia
Treaties General Treaty Collections Peace Agreements Digital Collection : Macedonia, from United States Institute of Peace
Bilateral Treaty Collections
Document Collections Document Archive, from Macedonian Heritage (posted in Greece)
Macedonia Info (Bulg. perspective)
Historical Maps responsible institutions UNESCO, National Mapping Agencies : Macedonia : Republika Geodetska Uprava
collections Macedonia Maps, PCL, UTexas
Historical Maps of the Balkans, PCL, UTexas
Category : Old Maps of Macedonia, Wikimedia Commons
Maps of Historical Ethnic Macedonia, from History of Macedonia
Macedonia on Old Maps, Unet
U.S. Defense Mapping Agency, Former Yugoslavia 1:50,000, PCL, UTexas
Atlas : The Bulgarians in their historical, ethnographical and political frontiers (Rizoff 1917), posted by Pro Macedonia
Macedonia, hindsight Europe in the Year 1400, 1500, 1600, 1700, 1800, 1900, 2000, euratlas
Balkans 1815, 1815-1859, 1860-1878, 1878-1912, 1912-1918, 1918-1938, 1938-1945, 1945-2003, J. de Salas Vara del Rey
Yugoslavia 1941, J. de Salas Vara del Rey
Macedonia, Contemporary Ethnic Map : Balkans 1877 (Synvet), Wikipedia, Balkans 1880 (Ravenstein), Wikipedia
detail, Modern
detail, contemporary
Encyclopedia Entries
General Article Macedonia, Uskub, Monastir, Ohrida, from EB 1911
Article Makedonien, Monastir, Ochrida, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Religious Articles Macedonia, Monastir, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906
Geographical Macedonia, pp.630-631 in F.H. Ungewitter, Europe,past and present, 1852, GB
Parliamentary Debates
Tour Guides, Travelogues H. Holland, Travels in the Ionian Isles, Albania, Thessaly, Macedonia, &c: during the years 1812 and 1813, 1815, GB
Fr.Ch.H.L. Pouqueville, Travels in Epirus, Albania, Macedonia, and Thessaly , 1820, GB
Institutions Archives Repositories of Primary Sources : Europe : Macedonia, from Univ. of Idaho. Mostly Archive Webpages, 1 entry
Monuments Macedonia, from Showcaves
Libraries Libraries in Macedonia, from LibDex
History of the Macedonian National Library, from The European Library
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry; National Anthem, from National Anthems Net
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Macedonia, from World Currency Museum, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money

Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on Macedonia survey of bibliographies National Bibliography of Macedonia, Former Yugoslavia National Bibliography, from University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, University Library
bibliographic database COBISS (provides access to National Bibliography of Macedonia), IFLA Entry
general bibliographies Yale UL : Selected Bibliography of English-language Print Resources for Macedonia
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies
serial publications Risto Stefov Publications
general bibliographies
Macedonia entries
Macedonia Bibliography, from European Centre for Minority Issues
The Southern Slavs, no.3515-4521 in R.J. Kerner, Slavic Europe; a selected bibliography in the Western European languages, comprising history, languages and literatures, 1918, IA
booksellers Books for Sale, Canadian Macedonian Historical Society
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
Online Journals full text online Revue des Etudes Slaves 1921-2005, Persee
Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts, Balcanica 1970-1994
Etudes Balkaniques 2002-2005; summaries 1994-2001
Balkanologie 1997-2011
Contents Online
on Eastern Europe Central and Eastern European Online Library
General Accounts Adrian Webb, The Longman Companion to Central and Eastern Europe since 1919, London etc.: Longman 2002 [G]
Dimitri Obolensky, The Byzantine Commonwealth. Eastern Europe 500-1453, Crestwood NY : St. Vladimir's Seminary Press 1971 [G]
Fred Singleton, A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples, Cambridge University Press (1985) 1999
Hugh Poulton, Macedonians and Albanians as Yugoslavs, pp.115-135 in : Dejan Djokic (ed.), Yugoslavism. Histories of a Failed Idea, University of Wisconsin Press 2003, KMLA Lib.Sign. 949.7103 D626y
Stephen Clissold (ed.), A Short History of Yugoslavia, Cambridge : UP 1968 [G]
Specific Topics Justin McCarthy, Death and Exile. The Ethnic Cleansing of Ottoman Muslims, 1821-1922, Princeton, NJ : Darwin Press 1995 [G]
Terry M. Mays, Historical Dictionary of Multinational Peacekeeping, Lanham Md. : Scarecrow 1996 [G]
Historical Dictionaries V. Georgieva and S. Konechni, Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Macedonia, Lanham Md. : Scarecrow 1998

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