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Romania Ukraine
First posted on April 11th 2002; last revised on January 7th 2011

In the Middle Ages and Early Modern History, what is Moldova today formed part of the Duchy of Moldavia, together with the region on the west bank of the Pruth River, the latter since 1858/61 being part of Romania.
From 1512 to 1878, Moldavia (since 1858/61 Romania) was tributary to the Ottoman Empire.
In 1812 the Ottoman Empire ceded Bessarabia, i.e. the lands between Pruth and Dnjestr Rivers, to the Russian Empire.
In 1918, Romania annexed Bessarabia; within the Soviet Union, on the right bank of the Dnjestr, a tiny Moldovan ASSR was founded in 1924, autonomous within Ukraine until 1990. In 1939 the USSR annexed Bessarabia, and the Moldovan ASSR reached her present size. Moldova gained independence on December 30th 1991, when the USSR disintegrated.

Moldova since 1991
Moldova 1944-1991
Moldova 1941-1944
Moldova 1924-1941
Moldova 1917-1924

Gubernia Bessarabia, Russian Empire

Historical Atlas : Moldova Page

E x t e r n a l . F i l e s
Country Profiles Links, Portals Organizations Accounts of History Politics Military History Economic History
Social History Ethnography History of Religion Regional History Local History Institutions Culture
Biography Others
D o c u m e n t s
Historical Data Documents Institutions National Symbols
P r i n t e d . R e f e r e n c e
Bibliographies Online Libraries Online Journals General Accounts Specific Topics Historical Dictionaries Others

Country Profiles Current from BBC Country Profiles; from World Desk Reference ; from Nations Encyclopedia; from Wikipedia; from CIA World Factbook, countries - Moldova
Library of Congress, Country Studies : Moldova
Links General from Library of Congress, Portals to the World; from BUBL
on History from Virtual Library History, from Romania Online
Historical Dictionaries
Organizations Institutul de Istorie, Stat si Drept, Academia de Stiinte a Moldovei
History Teachers' Association Moldova, from Euroclio
Moldova: Association of Historians, from Euroclio
Timelines Timeline, from BBC News, from timelines.ws
Accounts of History Encyclopedic, General Accounts Short History, from Moldova Country Guide; Moldova : History, from mldnet; History, from The Republic of Moldova Site; Article History of Moldova, from Wikipedia
Encyclopedia Articles Article Bessarabia, Kishinev, from EB 1911
Article Tiraspol, from Catholic Encyclopedia
Articles Bessarabia, Kishinef, from Jewish Encyclopedia 1901-1906
Article Bessarabien, Kischinew, Tiraspol, from Meyers Konversationslexikon 1885-1892, in German
Entry Gagauz Republic, Moldavia, from Footnotes to History, by James L. Erwin
Specific Periods
Politics Political Resources on the Net : Moldova; For the Record 2000 : Moldova, from UN Human Rights System
Article Politics of Moldova, from Wikipedia
The Republic of Moldova, from Romania Online, numerous links on constitution, government, administration, religious organizations, political parties etc.
Concentration Camps Today : (Soviet) Moldova, from ATTAC
Military Wars of Moldova 1800-1999, from ACED
Economy & Finances A Global History of Currencies : Moldova
Article Economy of Moldova, from Wikipedia
Economic History of Moldova, by Thayer Watkins
The Economic Situation in Moldavia (2007), report to NATO Parliamentary Assembly by Kurt Bodewig
Moldova Wine History & Culture, from Asconi
Tobacco Policy in Moldova and the Role of Civil Society, by Irina Zatusevski (2004)
Moldova Energy Profile, from Energy Information Administration
World Directory of Minorities and Indigenous Peoples : Moldova
Ethnography Languages of Moldova (4), from Ethnologue
Moldova, from Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre; Moldova, from European Centre for Minority Issues
Religion Chronology of Catholic Dioceses : Moldova, from Kirken i Norge
Category Religion in Moldova, from Wikipedia
International Religious Freedom Report 2003 : Moldova, from U.S. Department of State
The Jews of Moldova 1998, by Betsy Gidwitz; The Virtual Jewish History Tour : Moldova; Jewish History of Moldova, from Jüdisches Archiv; Moldova, from International Association of Jewish Genealogical Societies - Cemetery Project
Article : Moldovan Orthodox Church, from OrthodoxWiki
Article : Metropolis of Bessarabia, from Wikipedia
Article : Hiistory of the Orthodox Church in Moldova
History of Regions Gagaouzie, Transnistrie, from Les Etats non Souverains, in French
Local History History of Chisinau (Kishinev), from chisinau.mldnet.com, illustrated; from Wikipedia
History of Tiraspol, from Wikipedia
Institutions History, from Chisinau International Airport; Moldova, from Airline History; History of Air Moldova
Structurae : Moldova
Culture The Rise and Fall of Moldova Film, from Moldova Online
Category : Sport in Moldova, from Wikipedia
Biographies List of Moldovans, from Wikipedia
Others Alcohol and Drugs History Society : Moldova

Historical Data Lists of Statesmen from World Statesmen (B. Cahoon); from Rulers (B. Schemmel); from Regnal Chronologies, scroll down for Moldavia, Moldova; from World Rulers (E. Schulz, illustrated); Political Leaders, from ZPC, including party leaders
Lists of Ambassadors List of Ambassadors from the United Kingdom to Moldova, Liste der Botschafter der Bundesrepublik Deutschland in Chisinau, from Wikipedia German edition
U.S. Ambassadors to Moldova, from Wikipedia; Canadian Ambassadors to Moldova, from MOFA Canada
Lists of Bishops
Statistical Data Responsible Institution National Bureau of Statistics, Moldova
Population Figures Historical Population Statistics : Moldova, from Population Statistics, Univ. Utrecht
Historical Abortion Statistics - Moldova, from Johnston's Archive
Election Results from Psephos (since 1996); from IFES Election Guide (since 1998)
Elections and Electoral Systems around the world : Moldova, from Area Studies, at Keele
from Electoral Geography 2.0
Documents Historical Newspapers Official Gazettes Flare, Union List of Official Gazettes, Moldova
Documents Modern Newspapers links from Online Newspapers, from World Newspapers
Films on History/Society Filmarchives Online (Europe-wide)
Article : Cinema of Moldova, from Wikipedia
Moldova, from Cinema of the World
Moldova Film, from IMDb
Web Encyclopedia of Moldovan Film, in Romanian
Image Databanks Europeana
Wikimedia Commons
License Plates, from Francoplaque, from License Plates of the World
Passport, from World Passports; scroll down
Airline Timetable Images : Moldova
Picturing the Soviet Republics : Moldavia, from Real USSR
Archival Deposits
Constitutions, Laws List of Ratifications of International Labour Conventions by Moldova, from ILO, 28 docs. since 1992
Internet Law Library : Moldova
Treaties General Treaty Collections Moldova, from EU Treaties Office Database
Bilateral Treaty Collections
Document Collections
Historical Maps click here
Parliamentary Debates
Institutions Archives
Musea National Museum of History of Moldova, from World of Moldova
Monuments Category : Monuments and memorials in Moldova, from Wikipedia
UNESCO World Heritage Site, List (search for Moldova), Tentative Lists : Moldova
Category : Churches in Moldova, from Wikimedia Commons
Libraries Biblioteca Nationala a Republicii Moldova
Libraries in Moldova, from LibDex
History of the Moldovan National Library, from The European Library
National Symbols Flags, Coats of Arms Flag, from FOTW; Coat of Arms, from International Civic Heraldry; National Anthem, from National Anthems Net
Coins, Banknotes Banknotes of Moldova, from World Currency Museum, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money

Bibliographies general Search ISBN Database
on Serbia survey of bibliographies
bibliographic database
general bibliographies
annual bibliographies
specialist bibliographies
serial publications Institutul de Istorie, Academia de Stiinte a Moldovei, Publicatii
general bibliographies
Moldova entries
Moldova Bibliography, from European Centre for Minority Issues
Online Libraries general Internet Archives
Gutenberg Library Online
on Moldova Central and Eastern European Online Library
Online Journals full text online
Table of Contents
General Accounts On Central, Eastern Europe Adrian Webb, The Longman Companion to Central and Eastern Europe since 1919, London etc.: Longman 2002 [G]
On Moldova J. Tatrosi, The Hungarians of Moldavia (1920), posted on Internet Archive
A.F. Diorditsa, Moldavia, A Flourishing Orchard (1960), posted on Internet Archive
Historical Dictionary Andrei Brezianu, Historical Dictionary of the Republic of Moldova, Rowman & Littlefield 2000

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