Yugoslavia, 1968-1980

Administration . Josip Broz Tito held the presidency until his death in 1980. In 1974 Yugoslavia adopted a new constitution, which elevated the status of the two autonomous regions within Serbia, Kosovo and Vojvodina, to an even greater degree of autonomy. Under Tito, Yugoslavia showed a remarkable political stability - in an area with a complex ethnic mix, where nationalist emotions had started the chain of events leading to World War I, emotions which again were used by Germans and Italians in World War II to break up the state. Yet these emotions were only suppressed; Tito did not permit them to be voiced.

Foreign Policy . Yugoslavia participated in the CSCE conference in Helsinki 1973-1975 and signed the Helsinki Accord in 1975. The follow-up conference was held in Yugoslavia's capital Belgrade in 1977.

The Economy . Yugoslavia suffered from the Oil Crisis (1973-1981). Politically, many of the oil-exporting countries, also non-aligned nations, had excellent relations with Tito's Yugoslavia; that did not reduce the nation's oil bill. Tourism increased. However, Yugoslavia was a rather weak economy, as the nation offered low-price vacation, exported goods in the low-price market bracket. Money transfers from Yugoslav migrant workers living in West Germany, Switzerland etc. became an important factor in the nation's payment balance.
In 1968, Yugoslavia had 311,000 unemployed, in 1980 785,000 (IHS pp.164-165). In 1968, Yugoslavia produced 4.3 million metric tons of wheat, in 1980 5.0 million (IHS p.309).

Social History . The census of 1971 counted 20.5 million Yugoslavs, the census of 1981 22.4 million (IHS p.8).

Cultural History . Yugoslav athletes participated in the Summer Olympics of Mexico City 1968, Munich 1972, Montreal 1976 and Moscow 1980. In the European Championship of 1968, the Yugoslav soccer team took second place. In 1976 Yugoslavia hosted the finals of the UEFA European Championship, won by Czechoslovakia; host Yugoslavia took 4th place.

Articles UEFA European Football Championship, Constitution of the Socialist Federal Republic of ugoslavia, Josip Broz Tito, OSCE, from Wikipedia
Yugoslavia, History of, from Library of Congress, Country Studies
Tito's homepage (biography, speeches etc.); Tito profile from CNN Cold War Site
DOCUMENTS CSCE Conference Belgrade 1977-1978, Concluding Document, from OSCE
Yugoslav banknotes, from Ron Wise's World Paper Money and from Currency Museum
Agreement on the Waiver of Visa betw. India and Yugoslavia, 1970, April 16, from India Bilateral Treaties
Protocol on Extension of Trade and Payment Agreement betw. India and Yugoslavia, March 4 1972, from India Bilateral Treaties
Trade Agreement India - Yugoslavia, Nov. 4 1972, from India Bilateral Treaties
Agreement on Science and Technology betw. India and Yugoslavia, Feb. 12 1975, from India Bilateral Treaties
REFERENCE IHS : B.R. Mitchell, International Historical Statistics : Europe 1750-1988, NY : Stockton Press 1992 [G]
Fred Singleton, A Short History of the Yugoslav Peoples, Cambridge University Press (1985) 1999
Article Yugoslavia, in : Britannica Book of the Year 1970 pp.799-800, 1971 pp.781-782, 1972 pp.735-736, 1973 pp.735-736, 1974 pp.732-733, 1975 pp.731-733, 1976 pp.734-735, 1977 pp.737-738, 1978 pp.733-735, 1979 pp.734-736, 1980 pp.733-734 [G]
Dejan Djokic (ed.), Yugoslavism. Histories of a Failed Idea, University of Wisconsin Press 2003, KMLA Lib.Sign. 949.7103 D626y
Article : Jugoslavia, in : The World in Figures 1st ed. 1976 pp.240-241, 2nd ed. 1978 pp.240-241 [G]
Article : Yugoslavia, in : Statesman's Yearbook 1970-1971 pp.1485-1492, 1975-1976 pp.1482-1488, 1976-1977 pp.1479-1486, 1978-1979 pp.1601-1603, 1979-1980 pp.1612-1619, 1980-1981 pp.1605-1612 [G]
Article : Yugoslavia, in : Americana Annual 1970 pp.751-752, 1971 pp.751-752, 1972 pp.752-753, 1973 pp.750-751, 1974 p.657, 1976 pp.600-601 [G]
Article : Yugoslavia, in : Yearbook on International Communist Affairs 1980 pp.93-107 (Slobodan Sankovic) [G]

This page is part of World History at KMLA
First posted in 2000, last revised on March 8th 2007

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